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Karst Hell - an introduction to the combat operations of the 98th Infantry Regiment in Sochi

Eleven gigantic positional, from the point of view of the Habsburg monarchy, defensive battles took place between the armies of Italy and Austria-Hungary in the catchment area of the Sochi River flowing through the front zone from north to south between 23rd 1915 and 13 September 1917. The last battle, sometimes referred to as the Twelfth, which is incorrect from an operational point of view, was an offensive completely modern operation conducted from 24 to 27 October 1917 with the participation of the German ally in the area of Upper Sochi between Bovec and Tolmin ...

Karst Hell - Fights of the 98th Infantry Regiment in Sochi in the 10th Italian Offensive

Forty-five kilometers long front from Plava to the sea experienced a massive Italian attack on May 12, 1917, numbering a manpower of 280 thousand soldiers of Italian 3rd Army of Lt. Gen. Emanuel Filibert Duco d´Aosta, after 54 hours of fire of more than three thousand guns. The first phase of the tenth offensive began with the repulse of the Italian attacks at Plav and Zagora in the afternoon of the same day. Another mass attack was directed at Monte Santo ( Sveta Gora ), S. Katarina and Škabrijel, Rožná Dolina, Panovec and Marek's hrib. The Italian attacks were devastating, but the defenders resisted and prevented them from occupying their positions.

Karst Hell - Fights of the 98th Infantry Regiment in Sochi in the 11th Italian Offensive

The Italian eleventh offensive, which naturally had to come despite huge losses of manpower, was definitely the last attempt of the gen. Cadorny on the breakthrough front on the Sochi river. Comando Supremo drew up an ingenious operational plan, the aim of which on the southern section of the front was to break through the K line, occupy most of the Comenius Karst and isolate the defenders on Hermada.

Karst Hell - Fights of the 98th Infantry Regiment in Sochi in the 8th Italian Offensive

Destruction of Honved regiments at Opatje Sela - the eighth Italian offensive in Sochi
The extraordinary density of fourteen divisions within twelve kilometers of Shempeter and the coast, the ever-improving interaction of artillery and infantry, massive firepower, were all great positives of the Italian 2nd and 3rd armies in the Eighth Battle of Sochi. The defenders, on the other hand, were deployed on a destroyed or completely destroyed line of defense.

Life, battle and death under the seven flags (1)

If you think that it is unnecessary and that there is no need to deal with history and thinking about it in any way, keep in mind the old motto, which also applies in our dispute and in dealing with our neighbors. Some of whom try to convince us that we are just a nation of cowards and fools: If we want to destroy a nation, we must first destroy its morals and it will fall into our lap like a ripe fruit. And now I will let you wonder if this was said by Sun Tsu, the famous Chinese military leader and philosopher, or by V.I. Lenin.

Local mobilization statistics and relevant military units in the Poděbrady District

According to the data in Poděbrady, in the territory of the official district of the district governor of Poděbrady, which belonged to the judicial districts of Nymburk, Poděbrady and Králův Městec with more than 80 larger political municipalities and which roughly coincides with the current district only without smaller areas around Lysá nad Labem, Rožďalovice and Českobrodsko, 8,223 men of 21,191 men were called to arms.

Organization of Austrian artillery during the Coalition Wars

When the establishment of a permanent army by Ferdinand III. in 1649 the artillery did not figure in it. Keeping the artillery in peace was considered a luxury and therefore the cannons were deposited in the arsenals. But as early as 1656, as a result of the impending war, the artillery was activated and has remained a permanent part of the army ever since.

The legend of the desertion of the Prague 28th Infantry Regiment in the Carpathians

In the northeast of Slovakia, in the Bardejov district, is the village of Stebnícka Huta, which became the scene of heavy fighting during the First World War. An event occurred in this village on April 3, 1915, which entered the political history of the Czechoslovak Republic. According to the official version, members of the Austro-Hungarian 28th Infantry Regiment then voluntarily ran to the Russian side of the front. This unit was known as the regiment of the " Prague Children " and its desertion was to be credited to members of the " Czech retinue ", who fought in the ranks of the Russian Tsarist army against the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. What part of this story is a legend and what actually happened at Stebnícka Huta?

The life of a soldier of the Austro-Hungarian army in the period of dualism

The purpose of this article is to give the reader a picture of life in the Austro-Hungarian army in the period between the Austro-Hungarian settlement and World War I. Of course, it was not possible to include all the components of the army, each of which has its own specifics. Globally, I will try to evaluate the conditions of the team in the army from its recruitment to the transfer to the reserve, where I emphasized in particular the approach to living conditions in the barracks, or to clarify the training system. In the second part of the article, I focus on the non-commissioned officer and officers corps, where I emphasize the clarification of the system of education of officers, but also the depiction of the place of officers in society and the relationship between officers and society.

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