CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27

It is a Czechoslovak saber vz.24/27 and was not in the arsenal of the police, but gendarmes (gendarmerie). You can verify this statement directly on the blade of each of these weapons, which are usually marked ČET. - i.e. gendarmerie,
The weapon was introduced into service by decree of the Ministry of the Interior of 22.01.1927 No. 84 662-13-1923
There are two basic variants of this weapon:

saber for officers The saber is almost identical to the army officer saber vz.24, from which it differs by the national emblem on the basket, which is not small but medium. There are also variants of this weapon, which do not have three, but only two attachments to the basket, as is the case with weapons of rank lower members of the gendarmerie.
The blade of the weapon is nickel-plated, for officers in executive and administrative service with a sharpened blade. As was common with other sabers vz.24, they may occur specimens using the older Austro-Hungarian blade, especially from the saber vz. 1861 for infantry officers, or riding saber vz.1904. In addition to the original Austrian markings, these weapons also have Czechoslovak acceptance marks. However, the most common are blades made by Wlaszlovits Štós, which also produced other parts of Czechoslovak sabers.
Sheath steel, nickel-plated, terminated by a spike. The suspension of the weapon was solved as in the older Austro-Hungarian sabers on one fixed ring and a side loop. the leather hanger was of red-stained leather, with a dragon ribbon on the front that had a red-white-blue stripe woven in the center. The ribbon was gold for the generals and silver for the other officers.
The weapon included a portepe (tassel), which was gold for the generals, silver for the other officers. Regularly shiny and matte dragon strips alternate on it. An embroidered small state emblem was worn on the upper part of the acorn - its wearing was introduced by a decree of the Ministry of the Interior No. 86 235-13-1924
Officers wore sabers to and from duty.
walking saber for guards and chief guards
it could be worn exclusively with a walking uniform on a belt that was identical to the officers' belt.
The basket has only two attachments, it is decorated only on the protective arch with linden branches, which are much smaller than in the officer's variant. In the middle is the central coat of arms. The surface of the attachments and undecorated parts of the basket is covered with small pearls.
The blade and sheath are the same as in the variant for officers.
The tassel has a fastening tape made of gray-green silk, the acorn is silver and has a small national emblem embroidered on both sides.
Guards: the fastening tape has a 1mm wide silver stripe on both sides and the bottom of the acorn is braided alternately with a silver dragon and gray-green silk stripe.
Top guard: the fastening tape is silver and has a 1mm wide gray-green silk stripe on both sides. The lower part of the acorn is braided alternately with two silver dragon strips and one silky gray-green.

The service was carried by šabla vz.29.

The service saber vz. 24 for MS. police.
The weapon also has only two attachments on the basket, but it is completely unadorned, smooth and nickel-plated.
The blade and sheath are similar to the patterns described above, but do not have the designation ČET.

saber for junior police officers
Basket with three attachments, decorated only on a protective arch with a motif of linden leaves, which are different from the motif on a saber for gendarmerie officers (smaller) and guardsmen (larger), in the middle with a medium coat of arms. Unadorned parts of the basket decorated with fine pearls.

Police officers wore a sword vz.31.

In addition to the variants described above šable vz.24 we also meet her many other variants. These are not only the weapons of officers and sergeants of the Czechoslovak army, but also weapons for officers of the financial guard, superintendents, founders and waiters of the financial guard or the saber of the National Guard.

In addition to these weapons from the period of the First Republic, there are also modifications of these weapons from the period of World War II and the popularity of this saber extends to the present day, when all sabers of presidential honor guards or post-war or honorary units of both our republics are based on the same pattern. .
It is clear from this that the question of determining these weapons is not simple and requires a long-term detailed study and at the same time knowledge of all the details of the examined weapon, both the decoration and the shape of the basket, as well as individual markings.

Karel Morávek, Petr Moudrý: Československé chladné zbrane 1918-1994
ARS-ARM Prague 1995, ISBN 80-900833-7-4
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CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - kôš šable vz.24 pre strážmajstrov a vrchných strážmajstrov žandárov

kôš šable vz.24 pre strážmajstrov a vrchných strážmajstrov žandárov
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - kôš šable vz.24 pre dôstojníkov žandárov

kôš šable vz.24 pre dôstojníkov žandárov
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - kôš šable pre nižších dôstojníkov polície

kôš šable pre nižších dôstojníkov polície
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - kôš služobnej šable vz.24 pre políciu, z mojej zbierky. Horší stav.

kôš služobnej šable vz.24 pre políciu, z mojej zbierky. Horší stav.
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According to the armorer of the Museum of Police in Prague were of two types: with a decorated basket (an officer's ceremonial) and with a smooth, nezdobeným.
The length of the saber is supposedly different, because ustrojovací prescription should specify the length of the saber with regard to the height of who it belonged to.
I'm not a connoisseur of cold weapons, let the details be expressed by those who are in the topic of the versed..
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - Detail zdobeného koše

Detail zdobeného koše
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - značka výrobce na čepeli

značka výrobce na čepeli
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - Šavle přidělena k četnictvu

Šavle přidělena k četnictvu
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - Koš zdobený a bez výzdoby

Koš zdobený a bez výzdoby
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - Šavle v pochvě s příslušenstvím (Muzeum Policie)

Šavle v pochvě s příslušenstvím (Muzeum Policie)
CZK - Četnická šavle vz.24/27 - Holá šavle

"Holá" šavle
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To that length I am adding a short note:
Quite often you can meet with a gun, for which was used an older blade (e.g., the austro-Hungarian saber for dign. infantry div. saber for the ride), which was additionally expertly fixed čs. the rules corresponding to the hilt with a basket. On the blade could have, but i didn't have to maintain the original marking - in the framework of the adjustments could be mark removed and replaced with a brand workshop, which carried out the adjustments. This kind of adjustment for the cool weapons they used to be quite common even in older period..
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Citace :

Délka šavle je údajně různá, protože ustrojovací předpis měl stanovit délku šavle s ohledem na výšku toho, komu patřila.

predpis MNO č.j. 600 800 z 23.8. 1922 určuje dĺžku šable takto:

Dĺžka šable sa odvodzuje od výšky postavy a ak visí, dosahuje ku členku ľavej nohy. Toto platí pre všetky príležitosti.

Poznámka o "všetkých príležitostiach" sa tu vyskytuje z jednoduchého dôvodu. Šable sa totiž nosili inak do služby a inak pri súkromných a slávnostných príležitostiach. Do služby sa šabľa nosila na remienkoch nerovnakej dĺžky, ktoré sa upevňovali na opasník pod blúzou, neskôr po zmene spôsobu nosenia šable na služobný pás, tzv. dohodu. Pri ostatných príležitostiach sa šabľa nosila na vychádzkovom páse na jednom závesnom remienku.
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What can mean the marking ZM 4 on the service saber vz. 24 for MS. police?
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Was there any owner identification on the saber?
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