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SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon)

2A36 Giatsint-B

2А36 Гиацинт-Б

2A36 Giacint-B
Originální název:
Original Name:
2А36 Гиацинт-Б
DD.MM.1975-DD.MM.1989 Permský strojírenský závod V. I. Lenina, Perm /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
2543 (všechny verze / all versions)
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
Bojová hmotnost:
Combat Weight:
? kg
Přepravní hmotnost:
Manoeuvre Weight:
9760 kg
150 mm
Délka hlavně:
Barrel Length:
8197 mm
Celková délka:
Overall Length:
129201) mm
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
2340 mm
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
2760 mm
-2,5 - +57 °
-25 - +25 °
Přepravní rychlost:
Manoeuvre Speed:
80 km/h
Používaná munice:
Ammo Used:
Maximální dostřel:
Maximum Range:
30500 m - OF-29
40000 m - OF-59
Rychlost střelby:
Rate of Fire:
5-6 ran/min
Úsťová rychlost:
Muzzle Velocity:
945 m/s -
Uživatelské státy:
User States:

1) pochodová poloha, 12 300 mm bojová poloha
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152 mm cannon was developed in 1968 in two variants: 2A36 "Giacint B" 152mm towed cannon and variant - 2A37 for 2S5 "Giacint" 152 mm self-propelled gun. Military tests were conducted in the years 1971-1972. Serial production began in 1976. This 152mm towed cannon was also exported to Finland and Iraq.

This cannon is towed on a four-wheeled chassis, and features an armor shield that extends above the wheels. The length of the barrel is 49 calibers. The barrel is equipped with an effective muzzle brake, which weighs 141 kg and can absorb up to 53% of the force of the shot, the rest is then absorbed by the brake device and spades. The brake return device is mounted above the barrel. The horizontal slide sliding mechanism opens to the right. Intention and measurement are given manually. The survey can be granted in values from -2 ° 30 'to + 57 ° and the measurement 25 ° left and right. Sight for direct or indirect firing are mounted to the left of the chassis along with aiming and measuring handles. The four-wheel chassis enables fast road transport and improved off-road maneuverability. The front wheels are equipped with hydraulic shock absorbers and a handbrake.

In the combat position, the weapon rests at the bottom on an oval plate which is located under the front of the chassis. A hydraulic charging system has been developed for fast charging, which enables the loading of divided ammunition and with the help of this system it reaches a firing rate of 6 rounds per minute. The basic type of ammunition is VOF39 with a projectile marked OF-29 (osculačno-fugasnaja, fragmentation-explosive). The missile weighs 46 kilograms and contains 6.73 kg of explosive type A-IX-2. The initial velocity of the projectile is from 560 to 945 meters per second. This means that the 8-gun 2A36 battery is capable of firing 2.2 tons of ammunition in one minute. Ammunition divided into 2A36 is not compatible with other types of artillery 152 mm armament such as 152 mm 2S3 "Akacija". Indirect firing can be conducted at effective distances from 14,800 m to 28,500 m. Other types of ammunition are penetrating, chemical, smoke.
SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

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photo with non-standard white "show" accessories
SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

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Ukrainian army 2A36 Giacint-B guns shell pro-Russian separatist positions in eastern Ukraine, civil war in Ukraine, c. 2015.

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

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Cannon 2A36 Hyacinth - modified graphic from Soviet Soldier magazine (Sovetskiy Voyin[/i]).

After the collapse of the USSR, 2A36 cannons remained in the arsenals of the successor states in varying numbers. In 2016, the situation was as follows:
- Russia - 50 units with the Coastal Protection Forces of the Navy, another 1,100 units in the mobilization stocks of the Ground Forces (and an unspecified number in the armament of the 68th Army Corps in the Kuril Islands)
- Azerbaijan: 18 pcs (up to 44 pcs in 2018)
- Armenia: 26 pcs (plus approx. 50 additional pcs in the Nagorno-Karabakh Armed Forces)
- Belarus: 48 pcs
- Georgia: 3 pcs
- Moldova: 21 pcs
- Turkmenistan: 6 pcs
- Ukraine: 180 pcs in the Ground Forces, unspecified number in the Marine Corps
- Uzbekistan: 140 pcs.

180 pcs were reported by Kazakhstan in 2012.

Outside the USSR, the guns were delivered in numbers of 180 pcs in 1986-1988 to Iraq and 24 pcs in 1989 to Finland (where they were classified as K-89 and are still in service in 2020).

Upgrades and derivative variants:
- 2A36M Dilemma-2A36 (2А36М Дилемма-2А36[/i]) - a modernization implemented in the Russian Federation after the collapse of the USSR. The guns are equipped with independent satellite navigation, gyroscopic self-orientation system and mechanical speed sensor.

2A43 Giacint-BK (2А43 Гиацинт-БК[/i]) - a bulletless Soviet modification developed in OKB-9, prototype only.

2A53 Giacint-BK-1 (2А53 "Гиацинт-БК-1[/i]) - a hubless Soviet modification developed by the design bureau of the Perm Lenin Machine-Building Plant, only a prototype produced.

2A53M Giacint-BK-1M (2A53M Гиацинт-БК-1М[/i]) - modernization of 2A53 Giacint-BK-1, developed by the design bureau of Perm Lenin Machine-Building Plant, prototype only.

Finnish K-89 guns firing in 2020

Source: author's archive

SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) - 2A36 Hyacint

2A36 Hyacint
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In the Ukrainian army

Author: spoilt.exile
Source :
License: CC BY-SA 2.0
SOV - 2A36 Giacint-B (152mm kanon) -

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tweet #1646193566299963411
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