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6. výsadková divize [1943-1948]

6th Airborne Division

6th Airborne Division

6. výsadková divize
Originální název:
Original Name:
6th Airborne Division
Datum vzniku:
Datum zániku:
Nadřízené velitelství:
Higher Command:

07.05.1943-07.05.1944 Gale, Richard (Major General)
08.12.1944-DD.MM.1946 Bols, Eric (Major General)
DD.MM.1946-DD.MM.1947 Cassels, James (Major General)
DD.MM.1947-DD.MM.1948 Stockwell, Hugh (Major General)
Náčelník štábu:
Chief of Staff:
Podřízené jednotky:
Subordinated Units:
Automaticky vyplněné položky:
01.07.1943-DD.MM.1946 5. paradesantní brigáda
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR 22. samostatná paradesantní rota

Ručně vyplněné položky:
Čestný název:
Honorary Name:
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6. výsadková divize byla zformována 3. 5. 1943 ve Velké Británii, rozpuštěna 6. 4. 1948 v Palestině

7. 5. 1943 Maj-Gen. R.N. Gale
8. 12. 1944 Maj-Gen. E.L. Bols
srpen 1947 Maj-Gen. H.C. Stockwell


3. 5. 1943 zformována ve Velké Británii
6. 6. 1944 nasazena v severovýchodní Evropě v rámci I. sboru
5. 9. 1944 návrat do VB
24. 12. 1944 nasazena v severovýchodní Evropě v rámci XXX. sboru
24. 2. 1945 návrat do VB
24. 3. 1945 nasazena v severovýchodní Evropě v rámci VIII. sboru
19. 5. 1945 návrat do VB
září 1945 nasazena v Palestině
duben 1948 rozpuštěna


Obrněné jednotky - Royal Armoured Corps (RAC)

1. výsadková rota lehkých tanků 26.05.1943-13.01.1944
obrněný průzkumný pluk 6. výsadkové divize 14.01.1944-31.08.1945

Ženijní jednotky - Royal Engineers (RE)

249. (výsadková) polní ženijní rota 07.06.1943-31.08.1945
3. výsadková ženijní rota 07.06.1943-28.05.1945
591. výsadková ženijní rota 07.06.1943-28.05.1945
3. výsadková ženijní rota 28.05.1945-19.07.1945
9. výsadková ženijní rota 01.06.1945-31.08.1945
286th (výsadková) ženijní rota polního autoparku 07.06.1943-31.08.1945

Spojovací jednotky - Royal Signals
Divizní spojovací jednotka 6. výsadkové divize 07.05.1943-31.08.1945

Dělostřelecké jednotky - Royal Artillery
53. lehký dělostřelecký pluk (WY) 03.11.1943-31.08.1945
3. kluzáková protitanková baterie 09.07.1943-23.02.1945
4. kluzáková protitanková baterie 09.07.1943-23.02.1945
53. protitankový pluk 27.10.1943-02.11.1943
2. kluzákový protitankový pluk 24.02.1945-31.08.1945
2. kluzáková lehká protiletadlová baterie 26.05.1943-20.02.1944

Pěchotní jednotky

Armádní letectvo - Army Air Corps
22. samostatná výsadková rota 26.10.1943-19.07.1945

6. kluzáková brigáda 06.05.1943-31.08.1945

3. výsadková brigáda 15.05.1943-31.08.1945

72. samostatná pěší brigáda 28.05.1943-31.05.1943
5. výsadková brigáda 01.06.1943-19.07.1945
2. výsadková brigádní skupina 29.08.1945-31.08.1945
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the Formation and assembly
23. April 1943 ordered the war Department the establishment of the 6. airborne division. It was just about only the second british division of this type, however, in order to confuse the enemy got to number six. The division commander was appointed major general Richard Gale, who was given the task of this volume to prepare for the invasion of France. Division headquarters was located in a Figheldeanu and occupied was about one-third. As for the subordinate infantry units, the situation was similar. The germ of divisions formed the 3. paradesantní brigade, which was part of the 1. airborne division, but in may 1943 with her was moved to north Africa, but remained in England. The brigade did not pass the fight, but on the other hand, had a relatively full conditions and has undergone training. Further, Gale had two well-trained battalions of glider troops. You also originally belonged to the 1. airborne division. Now formed the basis 6. glider infantry brigade. In the following weeks, arrived the next formation, including the 5. paradesantní brigade, 22. separate paradesantní company or 53. kluzákového light artillery regiment. Versus 1. airborne division, who had in the assembly of a recon eskadronu with jeeps had 6. airborne division airborne armoured reconnaissance regiment with light tanks, jeeps and bicycles. Further division was to be a light anti-aircraft battery and three alarm company instead of one at a sister division.

Go for it
Assemble and train in the allotted time airborne division was a tough task, however, the Gale started, and with all your enthusiasm. All a reflection of the motto of the division Go to It / Go for it. Physical and tactical training took place after the rest of the year 1943 without a break and with great intensity so that the team was ready to meet all conceivable tasks. The result was that at the end of the year could general Gale report that the division is in full combat strength.

In February 1944 the supreme officers of the division learned that the bundle is to be deployed in Normandy. The individual components then improved training in what then should get the task in the invasion. The division participated in several major exercises, in which other british and Polish airborne units played the role of the enemy. This thorough training paid off, as the division in the invasion successfully secured the eastern flank of the bridgehead over the river Orne. In September 1944, the division returned to England. Now it was necessary to supplement the loss and prepare the division for the next tasks. Emphasis was placed primarily on the transition of water flows. Before the division could return to the continent, was general Gale promoted to commander of the 1. airborne corps. At the head of the division replaced him with major general Eric Bols.

In mid-December 1944, the Germans tried in the Ardennes on the counter-attack, which threatened the british 2. army on the north wing. 22. December 6. airborne division flew to Belgium. About four days later zkoncentrovala in the field of Dinantu and Namur. 29. December then was ordered to carry out an attack against the German attack the tip. Swipe was for the price of the hefty losses successful. The division then participated in the stopping of the German sortie, whose liquidation then with the advent of better weather dokonalo the allied air force. The division in Belgium remained until the end of the month, then was moved to the area in Dutch cities Venlo and Roermond. Here in patrols around the Meuse often get into skirmishes with paratroopers of the German 7. paradesantní division. Towards the end of February the division returned to England, where she was preparing to participate in the operation VARSITY.

Crossing the river Rhine
To perform the operation VARSITY, the division together with the u.s. 17. airborne divisions subordinate to the XVIII. airborne corps. Both divisions were to be dropped north of the Wesel where should ensure bridges and other strategic points, which should be ground units, greatly facilitate crossing the river and securing a bridgehead. The event took place 24. march 1945. The operation was generally successful, ground units are relatively easy to get to the other side, however, the airborne division suffered fairly large losses. For example, 6. kluzáková infantry brigade here in one day suffered a greater loss than for three months in Normandy. Their tasks and so the division quickly fulfilled. In the following period of division, together with 6. gardovou tank brigade lunged forward. At the end of April reached the city Wismar on the Baltic sea, where it met with units of the Red army, which also fought in the procedure further to the west. At the end of may the division was withdrawn back to England. 1. canadian paradesantní battalion out of here, then continued on to Canada. 5. paradesantní brigade was sent to India, where she had to follow the rest of the division, but it has already happened and the brigade was left there alone.

6. airborne division, which had now in the assembly 2. paradesantní brigade, was in September 1945 moved to the Middle east to Palestine, where she was to participate in ensuring peace and order. The division established the road patrol, conducted a raid and suppressed the street protests. In 1948, it was assumed the transfer of the division to Germany, but instead were units of the division gradually phased into the Uk and obstructed. Stay just 1. paradesantní brigade, which was then renamed the 16. paradesantní brigade - on the number of both other wwii airborne divisions. This brigade then lasted until 1977, when it was abolished.

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Kluzáky 6. výsadkové divize, zóna N poblíž Ranville, 6. červen 1944. Všimněte si odhozené přídě a vysunutých kolejnic Horsy uprostřed snímku.

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