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85. gardový stíhací letecký pluk [1943-1992]

85th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment

85-й гвардейский истребительный авиационный полк (85 гиап / гв. иап)

     
Název:
Name:
85. gardový stíhací letecký pluk
Originální název:
Original Name:
85 гвардейский истребительный авиационный Севастопольский Краснознаменный ордена Богдана Хмельницкого полк
Datum vzniku:
Raised/Formed:
18.03.1943
Předchůdce:
Predecessor:
2. stíhací letecký pluk
Datum zániku:
Disbanded:
01.01.1992
Nástupce:
Successor:
prevzatý Letectvom Ukrajiny
Nadřízené velitelství:
Higher Command:
18.03.1943-15.07.1991 6. gardová stíhacia letecká divízia
15.07.1991-01.01.1992 138. stíhacia letecká divízia
Dislokace:
Deployed:
DD.05.1945-17.08.1945 Židlochovice, ? /
17.08.1945-DD.10.1951 Odesa, ? /
23.10.1951-21.08.1968 Merseburg, Merseburg Airfield / Аэродром Мерзебург /
21.08.1968-30.10.1968 České Budějovice, Letiště České Budějovice /
30.10.1968-01.07.1991 Merseburg, Merseburg Airfield / Аэродром Мерзебург /
01.07.1991-15.07.1991 Falkenberg, Falkenberg Airfield / Аэродром Фалькенберг /
15.07.1991-01.01.1992 Starokonstantinov, ? /

Velitel:
Commander:
18.03.1943-20.12.1943 Zalesskij, Ivan Pavlovič (Podpolkovnik / Подполковник)
21.12.1943-21.04.1944 Baskakov, Konstantin Fjodorovič (Major / Mайор)
21.04.1944-31.12.1945 Smoljakov, Platon Jefimovič (Podpolkovnik / Подполковник)
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR ?, ? ( )
DD.08.1966-DD.06.1967 Pančenko, Pjotr Petrovič (Polkovnik / Полковник)
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR ?, ? ( )
Podřízené jednotky:
Subordinated Units:
Čestný název:
Honorary Name:
24.05.1944-01.01.1992 Sevastopoľskij
Vyznamenání:
Decorations:

14.11.1944

Řád Bohdana Chmělnického, 2. stupeň
Order of Bohdan Chmielnicki, 2nd Class
Opден Богдана Хмелницкого 2-й степени
-

05.04.1945

Řád rudého praporu /1943-1991/
Order of the Red Banner /1943-1991/
Орден Красного Знамени
-

Poznámka:
Note:
v bojujúcej armáde:
18.03.1943 - 12.05.1944
14.07.1944 - 11.05.1945


- 15.07.1991 bol ku pluku pripojený 168. stíhací letecký pluk
Zdroje:
Sources:
Анохин, В., Быков, М.: Все истребительные авиаполки Сталина. Первая полная энциклопедия, Яуза-пресс, 2014. ISBN 978-5-9955-0707-9
ru.wikipedia.org
www.ww2.dk
URL : https://www.valka.cz/85-gardovy-stihaci-letecky-pluk-1943-1992-t184844#539510Version : 0
MOD

85. Guards Fighter Sevastopol Air Regiment awarded the Order of the Red Flag and the Order of Bohdan Khmelnytsky




The 85th Guards Fighter Air Regiment ( 85th GIAP) was established by Decree of the People's Commissariat of Defense of the USSR № 128 of 18.03.1943 transformed from 2. IAP. At the same time, 268 was transformed. IAD and 6. Guards Fighter Division (6th GIAD).


In the period from 13.05.1944 to 13.07.1944, the regiment was not involved in direct combat. In the report 6. GIAD was in reserve of the Supreme Command Headquarters and focused on the combat training plan. New fighters Jak-9 were added to the aircraft Jak-1, which the regiment had in its condition.


For the medal in the battles with the German occupiers and for the liberation of the city Sevastopol was the regiment's order Headquarters of the Supreme Command № 0136 of 24.05.1944 awarded the honorary title "Sevastopol".


On 14.07.1944 in the lineup 6. GIAD regiment became part of 2. Air Force and engaged in combat operations 1. Ukrainian front. Together with the superior 6. GIAD the regiment was 13.09.1944 transferred to 5. air force 2. Ukrainian front.


For exemplary performance of command tasks in the fight against the German invaders, for the conquest of the city Debrecen and at the same time manifested high heroism and courage was on 14.11.1944 Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 85. GIAP vyznamenaný Radom Bohdan Chmelnického II. class.


From 01.04.1945 to 28.04.1945, the delivery and management of new fighters took place Jak-3.


For the exemplary performance of the combat tasks of the command in the fighting with the German invaders, for the conquest of the city Budapest and the high heroism and courage of its members was the regiment on April 5, 1945 Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet USSR 85. GIAP awarded Order of the Red Flag.


The regiment was withdrawn from the operating army 11.05.1945.


Post-war destinies of the regiment


(in progress)





Анохин, В., Быков, М .: Ссе истребительные авиаполки Сталина. The first full encyclopedia, Luisa-pres, 2014. ISBN 978-5-9955-0707-9
URL : https://www.valka.cz/85-gardovy-stihaci-letecky-pluk-1943-1992-t184844#539536Version : 0
MOD

Martial činnosť


Kind of fighting úlohySpolu19411942194319441945
attacks on pozemné forces present
648
589
-
27
32
-
on nepriateľské letiská
83
48
28
7
-
-
prieskum
892
248
451
109
24
2
voľné stíhanie
36
-
-
-
-
36
zachytenie nepriateľských lietadiel
1176
534
122
283
232
6
osobitné jobs
118
-
-
57
61
-
support your troops
6082
3053
658
586
1243
522
stíhacie krytie
4648
203
589
2044
1597
215
Together combat letov
13683
4675
1848
3170
3189
781



Анохин, В., Быков, М.: Все истребительные авиаполки Сталина. Первая полная энциклопедия, Яуза-пресс, 2014. ISBN 978-5-9955-0707-9
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/85-gardovy-stihaci-letecky-pluk-1943-1992-t184844#539537Version : 0
MOD

Shot down enemy aircraft


By types Total 1941 1942 1943 1944 :aaaaaa] 1945
fighters
shot down in an air battle
destroyed at airports

263
12

29
12

43
-

82
-

85
-

14
-
bombers
shot down in an air battle
destroyed at airports

85
11

20
6

15
1

29
-

20
4

1
-
other species
shot down in an air battle

27

9

4

10

3

1
Total
destroyed in air combat
destroyed on the ground
398
375
23
76
58
18
63
62
1
121
121
0
122
118
4
16
16
0



The attacks on ground targets destroyed:
8 tanks, 53 machine guns, 38 part, 484 cars, 27 tank trucks, 80 motorcycles, 6 tractors, [b :aaaaaa] 110 wagons, 5 locomotives, 3 railway wagons, 1[/b :aaaaaa] military train, 2 railcars, 1 steamer, 26 pontoons, 2 bridges, 2 motor boats, 15 tugs and 2 ammunition depots.



Анохин, В., Быков, М .: Ссее стребительные авиаполки Сталина. First full encyclopedia, Luisa Press, 2014. ISBN 978-5-9955-0707-9
URL : https://www.valka.cz/85-gardovy-stihaci-letecky-pluk-1943-1992-t184844#539547Version : 0
MOD

Own aircraft losses


Type of loss Total 1941 1942 1943 1944 :aaaaaa] 1945
MARTIALS
shot down in an air battle
shot down by anti-aircraft fire
destroyed at the airport
did not return from combat flight

65
17
6
49

15
14
-
10

17
-
2
14

25
2
-
19

7
1
4
6

1
-
-
-
Total
137
39
33
46
18
1
NEBOJOVÉ
air accidents
crash
depreciated for wear and tear

9
18
61

1
1
25

-
5
3

3
6
10

5
6
15

-
-
8
Total
88
27
8
19
26
8
Total
225
66
41
65
44
9

By aircraft type:


17 I-16
24 I-153
94 Jak-1
1 Jak-7B
12 Jak-9D
15 LaGG-3
1 Po-2


(machines discarded for wear and tear are not included in this data)



Анохин, В., Быков, М .: Ссее стребительные авиаполки Сталина. First full encyclopedia, Luisa Press, 2014. ISBN 978-5-9955-0707-9
URL : https://www.valka.cz/85-gardovy-stihaci-letecky-pluk-1943-1992-t184844#539549Version : 0
MOD

Own losses to people


Type of loss Total Pilots Mechanics
died in an air battle
32
32
-
did not return from combat flight
45
45
-
died as a result of injuries
1
-
1
died in a plane crash
14
12
2
perished in the raids
2
1
1
other non-combatants
7
1
6
Total
101
91
10

By years:


1941 18 (17 pilots, 1 mechanic)
1942 22 (pilots)
1943 43 (38 pilots, 5 mechanics)
1944 16 (13 pilots, 3 mechanics)
1945 2 (1 pilot, 1 mechanic)


Анохин, В., Быков, М .: Ссее стребительные авиаполки Сталина. First full encyclopedia, Luisa Press, 2014. ISBN 978-5-9955-0707-9
URL : https://www.valka.cz/85-gardovy-stihaci-letecky-pluk-1943-1992-t184844#539550Version : 0
MOD