American War of Independence [1775-1783]
From the 1860s, relations between the colonies and Great Britain began to deteriorate due to taxes. Great Britain wanted the colonists to pay more (the average Brit paid 26 shillings, the average colonist paid only 1 shilling) because it provided them with maritime protection. The colonists did not like that. They argued that they had contributed to their protection by strongly supporting the British, who were at war with the French and the Indians, in the Seven Years War (UK - The French and Indian War). This war, although victorious, cost Britain a lot of money and Britain had a deficit of 122 million pounds.
What preceded the secession of the American colonies from the British Empire, the declaration of independence, and the colonists' struggle for independence, along with a brief passage on why July 4 is celebrated as Independence Day in the United States, you will find in this article.
When we left George Washington and the militia of thirteen rebellious colonies on the North American continent, they didn't look very well with them. A well-organized and trained British army was often able to drive more than armed farmers on the run, and in the winter of 1776-1777 it was approaching the rebel capital, Philadelphia. The advantage and disadvantage of the events that took place more than 200 years ago is that we know well how it turned out. So how is it possible that the Redcoats, whose bayonet attack so many times turned the rebels to flee, eventually lost? Six years between 1777 and 1783 changed the face of the world forever, and we will now see how it happened.
The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign, giving a decisive victory to the Americans over the British in the American Revolutionary War.
In early September, a naval battle took place at the Chesapeake Bay, in which the British failed to defeat the French, which led to the surrender of the last British army in the rebellious thirteen colonies and later forced the British government to recognize United States independence in 1783.
A pirate for the English, a great military leader for the Russians and a ( lost and rediscovered ) national hero for the Americans.