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GBR - Winnie a Pooh (356 mm děla obrany pobřeží)

BL 14 inch Mark VII coastal defense gun

In June of 1940 filed Winston Churchill together with the then third lord of the admiralty, rear admiral Bruce Fraser, the application with the factory Vickers-Armstrongs Ltd. on the creation of two giant cannons, which would have used two mainly the caliber of 14 inches and which were originally intended as a reserve for the ship King George V. The cannon should be located near the port Dover. Zbrojovka has created a giant turret, which should be established into the massive concrete bases. As the suitable place was selected doverská bay of st Margaret's and already 3.August 1940 was one of the towers assembled and with the help of the largest of the british rail of the crane is established in its place. In the presence of Winston Churchill was the cannon christened "Winnie". 22.August were fired the first grenades towards the French coast.

The second tower was established in February 1941 and christened "Pooh". During the war years was both guns in the frequent operation, with their most common objective was the Batterie Todt at cape Griz Nes, which turned out a total of 187 shells. Management of the artillery fire mostly catered to an observer in a light aircraft Taylorcraft Auster. After the invasion area was at the Griz Nes occupied by canadian troops and "Winnie" and "Pooh" fell silent. At the end of the war were the towers dismantled and in their place arose the corral for the sheep..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/GBR-Winnie-a-Pooh-356-mm-dela-obrany-pobrezi-t8501#24057Version : 0

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Ráže : 14 palců (cca 356 mm)


Celková délka zbraně : 650,85 palce (cca 16,5 metrů)


Délka hlavně : 45 ráží


Náměr : 0 stupňů až +55 stupňů


Odměr : 65 stupňů (32,5 vpravo a 32,5 vlevo)


Úsťová rychlost střely : 2450 stop (cca 746 metrů) za sekundu


Hmotnost střely : 1586 liber (cca 713 kg)


Maximální dostřel : 47 250 yardů (cca 43 190 metrů)


Jednotka obsluhy : Royal Marines Siege Regiment (1. a 2.baterie)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/GBR-Winnie-a-Pooh-356-mm-dela-obrany-pobrezi-t8501#24059Version : 0

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Jediné další označení uvádí jeden z britských pramenů, a to 14in Coast Gun Mark VII, ale většinou jsem našel jen ty přezdívky.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/GBR-Winnie-a-Pooh-356-mm-dela-obrany-pobrezi-t8501#24105Version : 0
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Imperial War Museum Collection


IWM foto č. H 7918
356 mm kanon pobřežní obrany s přezdívkou "Winnie". Od srpna 1940 umístěn v palebném postavení u Saint Margaret, blízko Doveru.


IWM foto č. H 7922
356 mm kanon pobřežní obrany s přezdívkou "Pooh". Od února 1941 umístěn v palebném postavení u Saint Margaret, blízko Doveru.


Obě děla byla často používána k palebným přepadům německých pobřežních baterií na protilehlém francouzském pobřeží.


Zdroj
https://isl.iwmcollections.org.uk/
GBR - Winnie a Pooh (356 mm děla obrany pobřeží) - IWM foto č. H 7918.

IWM foto č. H 7918.
GBR - Winnie a Pooh (356 mm děla obrany pobřeží) - IWM foto č. H 7922.

IWM foto č. H 7922.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/GBR-Winnie-a-Pooh-356-mm-dela-obrany-pobrezi-t8501#414443Version : 0
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