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Battle of Caporetto through the eyes of Czech soldiers

From the beginning of the war, which Italy declared to Austria-Hungary on May 23, 1915, the main goal of the Italian army was to conquer the Austro-Hungarian port city of Trieste. She tried it a total of eleven times - in eleven battles on the West Slavic river Soča ( Isonzo ) around the town of Gorica ( Görz, Gorizia, Gurize ). Despite a significant numerical and material superiority over the Austro-Hungarian army, it did not fulfill this task. Since Italy declared war on its other former ally, Germany, on August 17, 1917 , it took part in the last, twelfth battle of Sochi (the Battle of Caporetto), in addition to the exhausted, ethnically and qualitatively diverse Austro-Hungarian army in all respects. more powerful German army ...

Battle of Kleiner Lagazuoi (1915-1917)

Mountain Lagazuoi Piccolo ( 2756 m ) together with the opposite Sasso di Stria ( 2477 m ) form the Passo Valparola saddle, through which the strategically important road from Cortina d'Ampezzo to the Val Badia and Val Pusteria valleys passes. In the pass, the Austrians built the fortress of Tra i Sassi, which was to prevent a possible Italian attack from the nearby mountain pass Passo Falzarego to the north.

Battle of Monte Zebio (1917)

Monte Zebio, six kilometers north of Asiago, has been a central pillar of the Austro-Hungarian defensive line between Monte Ortigara in the north and the former Italian fortress of Interrotto above Asiago in the south since the summer of 1916.

Battle of Tanga (2nd to 5th November 1914)

In November 1914, units of the British Colonial Indian Army under Major General Aitken launched an amphibious assault on the port of Tanga in German East Africa, defended by the German colonial army under Lt. Col. von Letow-Vorbeck. Although the British had a multiple predominance in manpower and an absolute predominance in land and naval artillery, they suffered a defeat which - like their other "famous" African defeat at Isandlwana - reached the Guinness Book of Military Mistakes ...

Fighting on the Marmolata Massif (1915-1917)

Marmolata is a large rock massif approximately 25 km southwest of Cortina d´Ampezzo. Its highest peak is Punta di Penia ( 3,344 m ), through which the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy ran until 1919.

Fighting on the Pasubio Massif (1916-1918)

"This whole section was hell for the soldiers. Strategic importance commanded him to keep him worthwhile, so every hour was paid for with blood and life. Within a few kilometers, the monstrous drummer did not rest, and even at night the cannonball whistled occasionally, roaring in silence, leaving an echoing menacing and noisy. Monte Passubio, as the mountain was called, was the worst. The devils know the curse that haunted this place. The enemy was beaten and beaten like a race, so that after two years of onslaught it was found that the maintenance of this dangerous island was not so important and that its conquest did not achieve any significant military success. Sometimes the fiction of generals is strange ... "

Fighting on the Three Thin Plateau (1915-1917)

On the evening of May 23, 1915, at 7:00 pm, the war began. On the same day, Captain Jaschke relocated the battalion headquarters to the nearby Alpseehotel hut on Lake Constance and ordered his two hundred soldiers, armed with only two machine guns, full combat readiness. Needless to say, although the Italian command was aware of the declaration of war itself, it somehow failed to tell some of its units of the day and time when the hostilities would break out. And so the alpines of the 7th Battalion did not learn about the war until the morning of the next day, when the Austrian artillery began shelling them ...

Twelve battles at Isonzo (1915-1917)

From the beginning of the war, which Italy declared to its ally Austria-Hungary on May 23, 1915, the main task of the Italian army was to conquer the Austro-Hungarian port city of Trieste. Under the command of Marshal Luigi Conte di Cadorny, she tried to do so a total of eleven times - in eleven battles on the West Slavic river Soča.

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