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Bc. Alexandr Ficker

Bc. Alexandr Ficker

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  • The army as the guardian of democracy? The case of Turkey

    Today, the army, and especially in our country, is often perceived as an element in society almost superfluous, or no attention is paid to it at all. We are not very exceptional in this, because there is no positive opinion in the Western world about the army, which is actively interfering in the political life of the country.

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  • The army as the guardian of democracy? The case of Turkey: 1. The army and democracy

    The Army and Democracy A key element for this work is to describe the role of the military in society. Here we can distinguish between the classical concept of its position and functioning, which reflects standard democratic systems and a more activist concept, which reflects the experience of developing countries in particular. We will deal with both theories in this chapter, however, both are important for this work. If we want to examine the EU's disputes with Turkey over the status of the military, we can look at this conflict as a clash of the two theories. Finally, in this chapter we will focus on non-governmental forms of military control.

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  • The army as the guardian of democracy? The case of Turkey: 2. Traditions of the Turkish army

    Traditions of the Turkish Army In support of the claim that the army can also act as guardians of freedom and modernization, in our case secularization, it is important to outline the historical roots of the army's position in Turkish society.

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  • The army as the guardian of democracy? The case of Turkey: 3. Military coups and interventions

    Military coups and interventions To understand the role of the Turkish army in Turkish society, it is necessary to think about the reasons for its actions and whether they ever acted only in their own interest and not in the interest of society. Therefore, we will now deal with examples of individual military coups in the modern history of Turkey.

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  • The army as the guardian of democracy? The case of Turkey: 4. Turkey and the EU

    Turkey and the EU One of the main reasons for the change behind the change in the position of the Turkish army in society was the influence of the European Communities ( EC ) on Turkey. Turkey was more pro-Western, but mainly thanks to Mustafa Kemal's legacy, it became a country that strongly favored Western democracies. It can be said that today these units have a very long history in terms of common relations. In the following chapters, we will discuss in more detail the various phases of Turkey's relations with the EC / EEC / EU and the impact of these relations on the Turkish army and its position.

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  • The army as the guardian of democracy? The case of Turkey: Introduction

    Today, the army, and especially in our country, is often perceived as an element in society almost superfluous, or no attention is paid to it at all. We are not very exceptional in this, because there is no positive opinion in the Western world about the army, which is actively interfering in the political life of the country.

    11.151
  • The army as the guardian of democracy? The case of Turkey: Conclusion

    Conclusion One of the reasons for the strong position of the army in Turkey has its historical roots in the Ottoman Empire, where the army was a very important part of society at the time. This historical factor helped the military maintain a strong position in modern Turkey. The second and no less important reason was the role that the army played in the establishment of Turkey. Under the command of Mustafa Kemal, it was the army that ensured the creation of the new state. During his reign, the army gained almost complete sovereignty over the state apparatus. In Turkey at this time, and even later, the army was not placed under civilian control. The army maintained this almost complete sovereignty throughout the 20th century.

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  • The army as the guardian of democracy? The case of Turkey: Resources

    Resources

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