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Bc. Dagmar Zakopalová

Bc. Dagmar Zakopalová

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  • Swedish and Swiss security policy and development policy as its tool

    Sweden and Switzerland are very developed, rich countries, which, as one of the few in Europe, have not been directly affected by the wars of the last two centuries, which has had a positive effect on their further development and security situation. The similarities in the development of modern Sweden and Switzerland are not accidental, as they are countries with the longest tradition of neutrality. However, the security situation at the beginning of the 21st century sheds new light on the policy of neutrality and forces neutral states to reconsider existing security policy and adapt it to current international conditions. One of the tools designed to combat the current global threats is development policy, which is intended to contribute to the security of the state in a broader sense and in which neutral states have a better chance of succeeding due to their impartiality.

    1.647
  • Swedish and Swiss security policy and development policy as its tool: 1. Brief history

    When comparing the historical development of the foreign and security-political orientation of Sweden and Switzerland, we find interesting facts. First of all, the starting conditions of the two countries are relatively different. Nevertheless, their foreign policies, especially in the 20th century, have many features in common. On the one hand, both countries need to maintain trade relations with the rest of Europe, on the other hand, they are trying to side aside political events around them. Both therefore choose a neutral strategy, and while Swedish neutrality is only politically declared, Swiss is internationally recognized and guaranteed.

    4.136
  • Swedish and Swiss security policy and development policy as its tool: 2. Definitions

    Neutrality as a security strategy is not a modern phenomenon in international relations. This concept was used by ancient state services, but over the years the view of neutrality and its use has changed. International codification of simple war neutrality was not established until the Hague Peace Conference in 1907 in the Convention on the Rights and Duties of Neutral States and Persons in Land Warfare and in the Convention on the Rights and Duties of Neutral in Maritime Warfare.

    3.762
  • Swedish and Swiss security policy and development policy as its tool: 3. Security policy

    Both Sweden and Switzerland today realize that non-military threats carry the same weight in today's world as military threats. In the following chapter, we will try to summarize the most important security challenges facing both countries, using a method based on the above-mentioned security dimensions.

    3.212
  • Swedish and Swiss security policy and development policy as its tool: 4. Development policy

    Both Sweden and Switzerland are among the countries with a long humanitarian tradition, and development activity has become an integral part of their foreign policy. Current (European) development policy is based on two basic motives - moral and pragmatic. Moral motive, ie. ethical obligation to help people in need is behind most NGO development projects. In contrast, the pragmatic motive, ie their own interests, is pursued by donor countries, which provide funds for official development assistance. These interests are mainly of a political, economic or security nature.

    2.890
  • Swedish and Swiss security policy and development policy as its tool: Literature

    Literature

    1.595
  • Swedish and Swiss security Policy and development policy as its Instrument: Annexes

    Attachments

    1.810
  • Swedish and Swiss security policy and development policy as its tool: Introduction

    Sweden and Switzerland are very developed, rich countries, which, as one of the few in Europe, have not been directly affected by the wars of the last two centuries, which has had a positive effect on their further development and security situation. The similarities in the development of modern Sweden and Switzerland are not accidental, as they are countries with the longest tradition of neutrality. However, the security situation at the beginning of the 21st century sheds new light on the policy of neutrality and forces neutral states to reconsider existing security policy and adapt it to current international conditions. One of the tools designed to combat the current global threats is development policy, which is intended to contribute to the security of the state in a broader sense and in which neutral states have a better chance of succeeding due to their impartiality.

    4.057
  • Swedish and Swiss security policy and development policy as its tool: Conclusion

    Sweden and Switzerland's position on the international stage remains exceptional, although their security policy concepts, based on neutrality, are undergoing greater or lesser changes leading to the gradual abandonment of former strict positions. In connection with the global nature of current security threats, Sweden and Switzerland are increasingly approaching international cooperation in the field of security policy and focusing on building a broad security of the state, which is used, for example, by development policy.

    2.662

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