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Bc. Lenka Kriegischová

Bc. Lenka Kriegischová

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  • Economic and social impact of the expulsion of the Germans in Jesenik area in the years 1945-1947

    Introduction “Just retribution to all direct and indirect, active and passive perpetrators of the war to teach all future and - to break up for good! Otherwise, an unprecedented massacre would have to take place between our nations after this terrible war! We can and must prevent this at all costs: ”This is how President Edvard Beneš saw the end of Czech-German coexistence on Czechoslovak territory after the end of the Second World War.

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  • Economic and social impact of the expulsion of the Germans in Jesenik area in the years 1945-1947

    1. Development of Jesenice until 1945 After the end of the First World War in 1918, the local Germans welcomed the creation of an independent province of Sudetenland, which should be part of the so-called German Austria. This step was strongly supported by the German Social Democrats. However, this did not happen, the Czechoslovak government wanted to preserve the historic borders of the republic, which included the Sudetenland, so the province was dissolved in December 1918.

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  • Economic and social impact of the expulsion of the Germans in Jesenik area in the years 1945-1947

    2. Circumstances and course of German displacement With the end of the war approaching, the issue of unfortunate ethnic composition in Czechoslovakia became more and more topical. A significant German minority, which after the census in 1930 made up approximately 21.9% of the population in the Czechoslovak Republic, by its behavior during the 1930s, especially during Munich and the subsequent establishment of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, gave the Czech nations many reasons to accelerate its influence. One of the solutions was her displacement from Czechoslovak territory.

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  • Economic and social impact of the expulsion of the Germans in Jesenik area in the years 1945-1947

    3. Economic and social impacts of the expulsion of Germans Jesenice was one of the few areas where, in my opinion, the main problem was not to ensure the proper expulsion of Germans, but above all how to deal with this high population decline. The drastic loss of almost 85% of the population can already cause the demographic collapse of the region, so I would omit any moral assessment of the displacement of the German population and focus on the economic and social consequences of this process. However, I would like to start the chapter with the topic of the new settlement of Jesenice, which was necessary for the preservation of the district and its economic recovery after the Second World War, and which completely changed its national character.

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  • Economic and social impact of the expulsion of the Germans in Jesenik area in the years 1945-1947

    Conclusion One of the arguments for the expulsion of the Germans was that Czechoslovakia wants to get rid of national minorities that could threaten the position of Czechs and Slovaks in the future. He wants to start a new stage of history with a uniform composition of inhabitants made up of Czech and Slovak citizens. However, Jesenice was settled not only from Czechoslovak territory, but also from abroad. People from Bulgaria, Romania, Italy, re-emigrants from Ukraine and Volyn came here. The local people tried to de-germinate everything they could, while being forced to accept new customs and traditions from other nations. This composition destabilized the Jesenice region not only culturally, but also affected social relations between the inhabitants, who at first had no confidence in each other. I would describe this issue with the phrase "one stranger out the door, another through the window back".

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  • Economic and social impact of the expulsion of the Germans in Jesenik area in the years 1945-1947

    List of used literature;
    List of abbreviations;
    List of attachments.

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  • Economic and social impact of the expulsion of the Germans in Jesenik area in the years 1945-1947

    The bachelor's thesis focuses on one of the turning points in the history of Jesenice, taking place in the years 1945 - 1947, when most of the local population was displaced from this almost German border area as part of the expulsion of the Germans. The first part of the thesis evaluates the development of Czech-German relations in the Jesenice region. The second part, in addition to the expulsion itself, analyzes in more detail the individual measures against the Germans together with the central Beneš decrees. The aim of the work is to evaluate the consequences of deportation, which is discussed in its third part. The main emphasis is placed on economic and social impacts, supplemented by a practical demonstration of changes in property relations in one of the Jesenice municipalities. The analysis also includes the replacement of the German minority with new settlers in the settlement process. The work is based on unpublished (archival, oral history) and published sources and professional literature, uses historical and economic methods (including statistical, biographical).

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