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Bc. Lucie Hladíková

Bc. Lucie Hladíková

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  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-historical context

    The work aims to get acquainted with the situation in Northern Ireland. It maps the historical causes of the conflict and its development through the key events of the 20th century to the present. Each chapter looks at the conflict from a different perspective, whether political, diplomatic or cultural, which is important for understanding the conflict itself.
    Chapters devoted to culture and society deal with the response to the conflict at the level of the average citizen and his ability to participate in the peace process through his own efforts.
    In the last part, which deals with recent developments, the work provides information on outbreaks of disputes, which are repeated every year and summarizes the various points that need special attention in the future.

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-historical context: 10 Pictorial appendix

    Image attachment

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-Historical contexts: 11 Review of sources and literature

    Overview of sources and literature

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-historical context: 3 Introduction

    Northern Ireland has been the scene of many battles and wars for over 800 years. We can characterize it as a multicultural society, where the citizens of the Catholic and Protestant faiths predominate. Until the declaration of independence of the southern part of the island, the Republic of Ireland, after the Easter Rising of 1921, the situation was relatively calm.

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-historical context: 4 History of the conflict and its causes

    Ireland and the United Kingdom - two islands whose northern parts have always inevitably affected each other and caused many misunderstandings. The origins of the conflict in Northern Ireland date back to the 12th century, when England was conquered by the Normans and, at the request of the ruler of the Kingdom of Ireland in Leinster Murchad, in 1167, landed on the Irish coast, disrupting millennial Celtic development. Although their population grew throughout Ireland, they controlled only a small part of Dublin, at the time called "The Pale". In the following centuries, settlers from Normandy and neighboring England came to Ireland. Some quickly assimilated into Irish culture, others still turned to England, where they saw security and safety.

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-historical context: 5 Cultural and political background

    To understand the situation in Northern Ireland, it is important to familiarize yourself with the facts that preceded or are a direct part of the conflict. The conflict in Northern Ireland is considered to be an ethnic conflict mainly because of the different religious societies living here and their different cultures and orientations, but even this designation is ambiguous.

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-historical context: 6 The peace process

    The last straw and at the same time a significant turn in the history of the conflict in Northern Ireland was marked by the 1970s, when the era of the "bloody decade" called "The Troubles" came. These years did not only mean violent attacks and bombings, but also the years of the first attempts in a series of negotiations and efforts to calm and peacefully resolve the situation. The final interim solution - the Belfast Agreement - was preceded by almost 30 years of fighting and failed peace attempts. In those 30 years, 3,636 people have been killed and another 36,000 have been injured by the spread of the conflict beyond Ireland's borders to British soil and beyond.

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-historical context: 7 Involvement of other countries in the conflict

    In essence, the Irish conflict was a dispute over 150 years of history. As early as 1860, there were intricate political networks of Irish Republicans leading to Ireland, Britain, Australia and the United States. Assistance from other states has therefore gone through the whole conflict, to a greater or lesser extent. In addition to the occasional arms smuggling for the IRA from the Middle East, Europe and the United States, the United States in particular has joined the peace process, and later, from a political and economic point of view, the European Union.

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland: 8 the situation in today's Northern Ireland

    In today's Northern Ireland, great progress is being made in getting to know each other's cultures, but the situation still requires a great deal of patience, diplomacy, concessions and mutual respect. Distrust, fear of the unknown and the different cultural and political orientations of the two groups need to be overcome.

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland in a cultural-historical context: 9 Conclusion

    The three colors on the flag of the Republic of Ireland, designed to mirror the country's political realities, also express the will of the people and political effort. Orange represents Irish Protestants, green Catholics, and the white stripe between them symbolizes the hope for peace that may one day be fully achieved.


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