CZK - vz. 53 (30 mm PLDvK)

30mm protiletadlový dvojkanón vz. 53 30mm anti-aircraft gun M53
Originální název:
Original Name:
30mm protiletadlový dvojkanón vz. 53
Zbrojovka, Vsetin
Období výroby:
Production Period:
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
6 (velitel, střelec, 2 nabíječi, 2 podavači / commander, gunner, 2 chargers, 2 feeders)
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
Bojová hmotnost:
Combat Weight:
2100 kg 4630 lb
Přepravní hmotnost:
Manoeuvre Weight:
2100 kg 4630 lb
30 mm 1 ⅛ in
Délka hlavně:
Barrel Length:
2363 mm 7 ft 9 in
Celková délka:
Overall Length:
5140 mm 16 ft 10 ⅜ in
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
1760 mm 5 ft 9 ¼ in
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
1920 mm 6 ft 3 ⅝ in
-10° +85 °
360 °
Přepravní rychlost:
Manoeuvre Speed:
60 km/h 37 mph
Používaná munice:
Ammo Used:
30x211 mm
30-JFSv-PLdvK 53
30-JNhSv-PLdvK 53
30-JPNhSv-PLdvK 53
30-JPZSv-PLdvK 53
30x211 mm
30-JFSv-PLdvK 53
30-JNhSv-PLdvK 53
30-JPNhSv-PLdvK 53
30-JPZSv-PLdvK 53
Maximální dostřel:
Maximum Range:
dostřel: 9950 m, výškový dostřel: 6950 m range: 10882 yd, altitude range: 7601 yd
Rychlost střelby:
Rate of Fire:
380-410 380-410
Úsťová rychlost:
Muzzle Velocity:
1000 m/sec. 1094 yd/sec.
Uživatelské státy:
User States:

Označení prototypu: ZK453.
Armádní zkratka: 30mm PLdvK vz.53.
Palná výška: 880 mm.
Průbojnost: 55 mm na vzdálenost 500 m.
Prototype designation: ZK453.
Army acronym: 30mm PLdvK vz.53.
Firing height: 34 ⅝ in.
Penetration: 2.165 in at a distance of 547 yd.
Děl-22-9: 30 mm protiletadlový dvojkanón vz. 53, MNO, Praha 1959, ISBN nemá
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History of the 30 mm PLDvK vz.53

The development of the 30 mm anti-aircraft twin-cannon on a two-wheeled chassis ( 30 mm PLDvK vz.53 ) began at Zbrojovka Brno on the basis of a decree of the Ministry of Defence in early 1948. During the design work, the armoury built on its unfinished weapon from the Second World War, then referred to as the "303 Br gun". The prototype cannon produced in 1949 bore the factory designation "ZK 453" and its automatics used a piston mechanism, which guaranteed a high rate of fire and an effective elevation range.

In early 1950, the prototype underwent commissioning tests. The results were satisfactory and the towed sleeve firing was judged to be very good. However, further work on the gun was halted by a MNO decree of 28 June 1950 due to non-conforming calibre unification requirements. In January 1952, on the recommendation of Soviet military advisers, a decree of the MNO dated 31.1.1952 ordered the completion of the development of the 30 mm anti-aircraft twin cannon, and at the same time the equipment for the preparation of mass production was issued. After the resumption of development work on the double-cannon, MNO decree No.03685/NM dated 28.2.1952 ordered military trials with the original prototype. At that time, the development of the actual gun was considered almost complete. Due to the fact that the double cannon in its original design on a two-wheeled chassis did not meet the requirement of the possibility of firing from a running position in the full circle of the metering circle, it was not introduced into the armament by the decision of the National Defence Forces (NGS). On 29 April 1952, the Chief of Artillery submitted a proposal for the development of a 30 mm anti-aircraft double-cannon on a four-wheeled carriage, which would guarantee the possibility of firing from a running position in the full circle of the gauge. After refining the tactical-technical requirements according to the results of military tests conducted in March 1952, the armory proceeded in May 1952 to design a new lower lavalier, a modified upper lavalier, and the automation of the aiming and aiming controls. Late in 1952, a prototype 30 mm antiaircraft twin-cannon on a four-wheeled laffette was built and underwent driving and firing control tests in January-February 1953, with satisfactory results. Following these, the prototype was put into military trials. They were held in March-April 1953 at the Doupov and Boletice military areas with good results. On the basis of the results, the 30 mm PLDvK vz.53 was introduced into the armament of the Czechoslovak army by the decision of the Ministry of Defence of 29 June 1953.

The cannon was originally to be produced by Zbrojovka Brno, but due to the available production capacity, Zbrojovka Vsetín was entrusted with its production. Serial production did not start fully until 1956. The lower four-wheeled lafets were produced at the 9 May Trenčín - Kubra plant according to the drawings prepared by Konstrukt Brno. Organizationally, the PLDvK vz. 53 was incorporated into the armament of anti-aircraft units of infantry, rifle, mechanised and tank regiments. In 1956-1960 it formed the basis of anti-aircraft defence of airfields and firing positions of large-calibre artillery. After the reorganization changes in 1960, a part of the guns was allocated for the armament of "B" and "C" type formations. The gun was designed to fire at air targets flying at 280 m/s at ground and low altitudes. Furthermore, it could be used to destroy illumination bombs, airborne drops and to fire at ground targets, armoured personnel carriers and light tanks.

In the early 1970s, the PLDvK vz. 53 were gradually withdrawn from the armament of the first-strength all-military formations and, after repairs, were assigned to anti-aircraft units of the Eastern Military District. Some of them were stored in the warehouses of untouchable stocks. Here they remained until 1992. After 1993, some of the guns were taken over by the Army of the Slovak Republic, which began their gradual disposal.

Source : Turza Peter, pplk. V,v. Anti-aircraft twin OBRANA No.11 2009 MO SR
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supplement material.
CZK - vz. 53 (30 mm PLDvK) -

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Two photos from the arms of the OS of the SLOVAK republic (the year 2005, VZr Kežmarok, the person on the photo som ja so synom)

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photos from the museum in piestany
CZK - vz. 53 (30 mm PLDvK) -

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" Gift of a Czechoslovak factory to the Cuban People's Army, an anti-aircraft gun..."

Source : Military Technology 1963 No.2
CZK - vz. 53 (30 mm PLDvK) - 30 mm PlDvk vz. 53

30 mm PlDvk vz. 53
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Lesany 2009,
own photo
CZK - vz. 53 (30 mm PLDvK) -

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Rabbits 2009,
own photo
CZK - vz. 53 (30 mm PLDvK) -

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