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Conquista (conquer of America) [1492-1543]

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Amazons from the Brazilian rainforest

Two years after the discovery of the New World, on June 7, 1494, it was divided (without anyone asking the natives). In the so-called Treaty of Tordesilla, the Pope established a dividing line from north to south, which ran 370 miles from the Cape Verde Islands. To the east of this axis fell the newly discovered territories of Portugal, to the west of Spain. That's why Portuguese is spoken in Brazil and Spanish in the rest of South America.

Conquering America

On Good Friday, April 20, 1519, a fleet of Spanish ships landed near present-day Veracruz. Shortly after landing, a nobleman with a law degree, Hernán Cortés, led a small army to conquer the gold-rich Aztec empire by 1521. His expeditionary corps numbered only 110 sailors, 553 soldiers, a maximum of 50 horses, 200 indigenous slaves and 14 artillery pieces. However, it would be naive to think that Cortés destroyed the Aztec empire with several hundred European troops - he commanded a large army of at least tens of thousands, but probably a much larger Totonak army, the main enemies of the Aztecs, who enthusiastically welcomed Cortés' arrival as a good opportunity to launch an armed uprising.

Incas (I.)

When I was preparing one extensive work on great Indian cultures (it was mainly the area of Mexico - Aztecs and Mayans and the area of Peru - from the Paracian Indians to the Mochi, the realm of Chima, etc.) I discovered interesting and engaging history, which is really an attraction for everyone historian

Incas (I.)

Prologue As When I was preparing one extensive work on great Indian cultures (it was mainly the area of Mexico - Aztecs and Mayans and the area of Peru - from the Paracian Indians to the Mochi, the realm of Chima, etc.) I discovered interesting and engaging history, which is really an attraction for everyone historian

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