His superiors and most of his subordinates praised him. When he was tried for war crimes, the Soviet prosecutor threw the word grand pirate at him and asked for his head. Witnesses to the Battle of the Atlantic are dying, Dönitz continues to divide German society.
biography of the holder of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, a submarine engineer. Veteran of the Spanish Civil War.
Leon Degrele, the most famous member of the SS of non-German nationality, spent most of World War II on the Russian front along with his legion of Walloon volunteers. He developed from the SS Schütze to the Obersturmbannführer in the SS Wiking division. One of the few non-German bearers of the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, of which he was #355 in August 1944. After the war he fled to Spain, where he lived until his death in 1984.