Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD)
The conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ( DRC, formerly Zaire ) was, especially in its second phase, the largest conflict in the history of modern Africa and is sometimes referred to as Africa's " First World War ." DR Congo is a country extremely rich in minerals, but its population has not yet had the opportunity to prosper from this wealth, although mining has been going on for more than a hundred years. The aim of this study will be to find out what role minerals and other natural resources have played in the last two decades, and especially in the Second Congolese War and today. We will also look at the positions of the international community on this issue, as we believe that both the presence of many foreign mining companies and, subsequently, the UN peacekeeping missions have played an important role in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Captain Hynek Pavlačka looked into the barrel of a sharply charged Kalashnikov and wondered how seriously the blacks meant the words of the execution. Just don't rush anywhere, make no mistake. "Now I'll reach into my backpack and show you materials about who we really are and what we do, " he tried to tune in his voice as mildly as possible.
This work aims to illustrate and subsequently analyze the concept of military crisis management in the EU in the case of the military operation EUFOR RD Congo, which took place in 2006. It goes without saying that one operation is by no means a sufficiently representative sample for a comprehensive assessment of EU military crisis management. Therefore, the work will focus mainly on the partial evaluation of problematic factors, which are unfortunately a common common denominator of EU peace support operations and thus limit the " performance " of the EU as a global security actor.
Introduction The end of the Cold War has facilitated peace in some areas, such as Central America, but not around the world. Some conflicts, such as the one in Burma or Sudan, have simply persisted. Other countries have apparently succeeded, but there have been traces of relentless violence, such as in Cambodia. And with the fall of some regimes, new conflicts have arisen, such as the one in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
I. Economic Agendas in War An important question in examining civil war is what factors actually affect war, which tend to initiate war, and which tend to prolong war.
II. The Economy of the DRC Conflict In June 1960, today's DRC was granted independence from the Kingdom of Belgium, but was immediately marked by instability. First, in 1960-1963, state territorial control was threatened by the separatist movement in Katange led by Moise Tshomb, the first Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba was assassinated in 1961, later the country was swept in revolutions mainly by pro-Lumumbists like Pierre Mulele. A political vacuum was created in October 1965 when President Joseph Kasavubu removed the new Prime Minister Tshombe from the Prime Minister's chair. General Vacut Sese Seko used this vacuum for three decades.
Conclusion At the beginning of a war, there can often be a shadow state. This is the work of a ruler who abuses the sovereignty of his regime and maintains his position by provoking local conflicts that would prevent an organized uprising against him. However, if such a fragmented state collapses, it almost always ends in a civil war. Even in a civil war whose individual actors are unwilling to cooperate with each other because the benefits of independent activity outweigh the possible collective benefits.
List of used literature
The end of the Cold War has made it easier to achieve peace in some areas, such as Central America, but not around the world. Some conflicts, such as the one in Burma or Sudan, have simply persisted. Other countries have apparently succeeded, but there have been traces of relentless violence, such as in Cambodia. And with the fall of some regimes, new conflicts have arisen, such as the one in the Democratic Republic of Congo.