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Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache

     
Název:
Name:
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 E
Originální název:
Original Name:
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 E
Kategorie:
Category:
víceúčelový vrtulník
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.1941-DD.MM.194R Focke-Achgelis & Co GmbH, Delmenhorst /
DD.MM.194R-19.07.1944 Focke-Achgelis & Co GmbH, Laupheim /
DD.MM.194R-DD.MM.1945 Weser-Flugzeugbau GmbH, Berlín-Tempelhof /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1941-DD.MM.1945 (všechny verze / all versions)
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
~20 (všechny verze / all versions)
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
03.08.1940
Osádka:
Crew:
1 - 2
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
 
Uspořádání rotorů:
Rotor Configuration:
rotory vedle sebe
Podvozek:
Undercarriage:
pevný
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Hmotnost prázdného vrtulníku:
Empty Weight:
3180 kg
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
3680 kg
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
4434 kg
Délka s otáčejícími se rotory:
Length with Rotors Turning:
? m
Délka trupu:
Fuselage Length:
12,25 m
Šířka trupu:
Fuselage Width:
1,651) m
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
4,36 m
Průměr hlavního rotoru:
Main Rotor Diameter:
2x 12 m
Průměr vyrovnávacího rotoru:
Tail Rotor Diameter:
- m
Plocha disku hlavního rotoru:
Main Rotor Disc Area:
226 m2
Plocha disku vyrovnávacího rotoru:
Tail Rotor Disc Area:
- m2
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Kategorie:
Category:
pístový
Počet motorů:
Number of engines:
1
Typ:
Type:
BMW Bramo 323 D
- hvězdicový
- počet válců: 9
- vzletový výkon: 735 kW (1000 PS) při 2500 ot/min
- trvalý výkon: 456 kW (620 PS) při 220 ot/min
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
?
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
176 km/h v ? m
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
134 km/h v 2000 m
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
-2) m/s
Statický dostup:
Static Ceiling:
? m
Dynamický dostup:
Dynamic Ceiling:
4875 m
Dolet:
Range:
475 km
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
7003) km
Přepravní kapacita:
Transport Capacity:
4
Výzbroj a vybavení:
Armament and Equipment:
 
Výzbroj:
Armament:
kulomet MG 15 v přídi


2x 250kg puma (SC 250)
nebo 2x hlubinná nálož
Vybavení:
Equipment:
-
Uživatelské státy:
User States:

(VR-3)
Poznámka:
Note:
1) celková šířka 24,50 m
2) 5 minut do 1000 m
3) s přídavnou nádrží
Zdroje:
Sources:
Ringlstetter, H.: FLUGZEUG CLASSIC Special 8. Deutsche Kolbenmotor-Militärflugzeuge 1933 – 1945. Zerstörer - Transporter - Aufklärer - Hubschrauber, 2011
Witkowski, R.: Rotorcraft of the Third Reich, Mushroom Model Publications, 2007
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#588750Version : 0
MOD
Fa 223 took off on its first extended flight on 3 August 1940.

The development of a large helicopter for civilian and military use was personally promoted by Ernst Udet. From the smaller Fw 61 thus emerged the Fa 266, which became the Fw 223 for military use after the outbreak of war. This helicopter had laterally arranged rotors, to create a stable structure, a boom was mounted on either side of the fuselage to allow the use of large rotors. This type was to be used for submarine pursuit, reconnaissance, rescue operations, transport and training.

Shortly after the Fa 223 reached readiness for series production, the production facilities in Bremen were damaged by bombing so much that production had to be moved to Laupheim (near Stuttgart) and later to Ochsenhausen, which explains the fact that by the end of the war only 11 units had been produced (and that without experimental machines), yet an order was placed for 100 machines in 1941, and even for 400 production helicopters in the autumn of 1944. One of the versions for the Kriegsmarine was to be equipped with machine guns and two 250 kg bombs for anti-submarine warfare.

Even so, the Fa 223 played a pioneering role by fulfilling tasks that were to become the domain of the wreckers after 1945. The Fa 223 was equipped with a winch for disembarking downed pilots and proved itself in deployment at Lufttransportstaffel 40. It was also used in the mountains. Senior Wehrmacht and SS officers were transported by one Fa 223 to receive orders and decorations at Hitler's Berghof in Berchtesgaden. At the end of the war only 3 examples were flown, one Fa 223 captured by the US Army was the first helicopter to fly across the English Channel.

After 1945, two Fa 223s were produced in Czechoslovakia with captured German design kits, but these were only used on a limited basis. After the war it was also used in France.
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#4761Version : 0
The machine Fa 223 V11 (DM + SO) was flown on 5.2.1943. In March of the same year, it was tested by a device for injecting methanol and water into the engine for short-term power increase (MW). Although the machine climbed faster during takeoff, no further attempts with the MW system took place.
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#397221Version : 0
MOD

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Fa 223 V16 (DM+ST) poprvé vzlétl v březnu 1944, přičemž byl opatřen výškovým motorem Bramo 323 Y-1.
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#397217Version : 0
MOD

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Fa 223 V14 v původní německé kamufláži, avšak s výsostnými znaky nového uživatele - RAF.
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#397215Version : 0
MOD

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Vrtulník Fa 223 zkoušený krátce po druhé světové válce americkým letectvem nesl tmavě zelené zbarvení na všech plochách, které bylo doplněno výsostnými znaky USAAF.
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#397218Version : 0
MOD

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Druhý československý VR-3.2 (imatrikulace OK-BZX) provozovalo Bezpečnostní letectvo. Příď měl nastříkanou červenou barvou, na SOP je vidět trojúhelníkový výsostný znak charakteristický pro letadla policejních sil.
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#397220Version : 0
MOD

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Jeden ze dvou československých vrtulníků typu Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache v průběhu zkoušek ve Vědeckém leteckém ústavu v Praze-Letňanech v roce 1948. U československého letectva nosil typové označení VR-3 (někdy uváděné jako VR-1).
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#16586Version : 0
According to a helicopter.cz is the designation VR-1 erroneous. Created allegedly by simplifying the enrollment of the first machines of the VR-3.1 on the VR-1. Are aware of the three machines and the COR-3.1, VR-3.2 and the COR-3.3, of which the COR-3.3 was created by the assembly of the two previous, and is also later referred to again as the COR-3.1. This machine with the designation V-26 also, inter alia, crashed 5.3.1952 at the airport in Přelouči, where his career (and the career of this type overall in Czechoslovakia) apparently this accident is over.
Article First helicopters in the ATM 4/2008 indicates the sign of the COR-1.1, VR-1.2 and VR-3.1, which should arise accidentally.1)
Both sources agree on the number of machines and their creation.

Source:
http://www.vrtulnik.cz/fa-223.htm
http://www.vrtulnik.cz/ww2/protektorat-prelouc.htm
ATM 4/2008

1)it Is true that this designation would be more logical if the first two pieces were essentially the first czechoslovak helicopters and labelling 3.1 could arise also that the VR-2 was already taken future HC-2 and so was the "new" machine designated as the third "type" in the order. But this is only my thought construction for this variant of the marking. Server vrtulnk.cz is supposedly in his assertions based on the records of the flight books Avie. So it's hard to say..
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Focke-Achgelis-Fa-223-Drache-t1115#484081Version : 0
MOD