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Pevnostní uzávěr Etsch-Arsa

Fortress Barrier Etsch-Arsa

Sperre Etsch-Arsa

Pevnostní uzávěr Etsch-Arsa
Originální název:
Original Name:
Sperre Etsch-Arsa
Další názvy:
Other Names:
Fotografie nebo nákres:
Photo or Sketch:
Druh pevnostního celku:
Kind of Fortress Complex:
pevnostní uskupení
Vyšší pevnostní celek:
Upper Fortress Complex:
Nižší pevnostní celek:
Lower Fortress Complex:
Werk Valmorbia
Werk Matassone
Werk Coni Zugna
Počet pevnostních komplexů:
Number of Fortress Complexes:
Délka pevnostního celku:
Length of the Fortress Complex:
4 km
Hloubka pevnostního celku:
Depth of the Fortress Complex:
0 km
Zahájení stavby:
Start of Construction:
Dokončení stavby:
Completion of Construction:
Bojové využití:
Combat Use:
DD.MM.1915-DD.MM.1918 1. světová válka
Současný stav:
Current Condition:
Willibald R. Rosner: Bestand K.u.k Geniedirektion Trient im Staatsarchiv von Trient (Trento 1995)

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The strength cap of the Etsch-Arsa should block the southern approaches to Trientu, the central strength of South Tyrol. It was mainly about the two roads leading from the Italian border to Many, one of which led through the valley of the river Adige (Etsch) and the other through the valley of Vallarsa (Arsatal). According to the plans of the austro-Hungarian command was this cap to form a total of 11 of the fortified objects: Werk Vignola, Werk Cornalé, Werk (Talsperre) Serravalle, Werk Coni Zugna, Werk Matassone, Werk Valmorbia, Werk (Haubitzblockhaus) Pasubio, Werk Col Santo, Werk Cima Obante, Werk Cima Carega and Werk Cima Posta. In the beginning of 1. world war ii was started the construction of only the fortu Coni Zugna and fortu Valmorbia above the valley of Vallarsa. Instead of the planned fortu Matassone was on the opposite side of a valley built only field a foothold (Feldmäßiger Stützpunkt). In addition to the concrete of shooting and connecting trenches here been preserved and demolished concrete firing object (Blockhaus), which is sometimes in the literature and on maps like Werk Matassone referred to, although it comes from the period 1914-1915 and with the originally designed strength he has in common only their location. Of the projected alpine fortu Coni Zugna (1864 m asl) have been to stop the construction implemented only the barracks and a water tank...

Even before the entry of Italy into the war (may 1915) were the objects of cap, thus the unfinished fort Valmorbia and foothold Matassone, temporarily equipped and staffed by members of the following units:
- 1. domobranecká četnická assistance company
- 1. and 17. company a battalion of the fortress artillery no 4

Due to the fact that other units were not yet available, decided the austro-Hungarian command about clearing out the whole area and concentrating all the forces in the field of the standings before the Roveretem . In June 1915 then, the Italian army abandoned the position without a fight took. And because members of the Italian armed forces (with the notable exception of the elite alpinů) rarely conquered something that the opponent really fought back, stuck the queue before Roveretem until may 1916, when the austro-Hungarian forces launched a retaliatory offensive. They called her "May", where appropriate (but not in the austrian official documents) "Strafexpedition", i.e. literally "the Punitive expedition", by which name was meant to punish Italy for a treacherous sell-out betrayal of the allied obligations to the Austro-Hungarian empire. The main blow of this offensive was directed at the east laid Asiago, in a section of the Etsch-Arsa, therefore, on the right wing of the austro-Hungarian assembly, had 8. choir to proceed through the valley of the Vallarso to the border of the saddle Passo Pian delle Fugazze. This goal is achieved, however, in the course of the offensive gained by the Austrians back part of the vyklizeného border of the territory (including fortu Valmorbia and a fulcrum Matassone) and made up to border the plateau of Monte Pasubio, where it is stopped by the determined resistance of the Italian alpinů. In the valley of the Vallarsa occupied the town of Arco, on the mountain ridge west of Matassone however, the alpini keep their position on top of the Coni Zugna. The attack of the VIII. ward was stopped and after the end of the offensive in June 1916 the austro-Hungarian troops had withdrawn to better hájitelnou line Zugna Torta - Werk Valmorbia - Monte Pasubio. The italians, who again occupied (in their own news of course "conquered") foothold Matassone, took advantage of the confusion that accompanies every retreat, and the overflow occupied the neighboring Werk Valmorbia. The danger of burst of the austrian front and the Italian penetration to Rovereto staving off immediate protizteč austrian soldiers the Italians drove. Queue in this section are then more or less stabilized until the end of the war...

Kurt Mörz de Paula - Der österreichisch-ungarische Befestigungsbau 1820-1914 (Wien 2000)
Willibald R. Rosner: Consisted Geniedirektion Trient im Staatsarchiv von Trient (Trento 1995)
Edmund Glaise von Horstenau – Der Österreich-Ungarns Letzter Krieg, 1914 - 1918 (Wien, 1931)
Pevnostní uzávěr Etsch-Arsa - Průběh fronty od června 1916

Průběh fronty od června 1916
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