In the period from the 8th to the 6th century BC, a new type of organization of human society was created on the territory of Greece, the Greek city-state - the polis. Polis symbolized independence, self-sufficiency and a degree of democracy that allowed citizens to participate in the administration of public affairs.
When pronouncing this word, interesting associations emerge before the eyes of every fan of ancient history. A strange and legendary state system, the virtues boasted by the Spartans, but most often the horror of the nephews led by King Leonid in the heroic battle of Thermopylae. What was really behind the phenomenon of the Spartan state? What was the strength, but also the weaknesses of this company, briefly tries to approach this article.