In 1994, the Armée de l'Air awarded contracts to French armaments companies to carry out preliminary feasibility studies for new anti-ground guided munitions usable in difficult weather conditions. Less than 15 years later, the results of the French effort were felt first hand by Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan.
Dogfights have always attracted attention. Since the First World War, their participants have been considered heroes, stories have been written about nothing, and they have become idols of generations. However, the reality of air combat is much more prosaic. Whatever the motivation of the pilots to fight, there was always a winner on one side and a loser on the other in a crippled or burning plane falling to the ground. This series deals with the struggle from their beginning to the modern age, when the sky is steadily ruled by jet engines.
Directional energy weapons are radically different in their operation and influence compared to any other weapons used. They include lasers, microwave transmitters, and particle beam weapons.
It might seem that bombs with a final guidance and a weight of over 1000 kg are a sufficiently effective means for all targets. Therefore, even military planners did not push manufacturers into the development of larger-caliber air bombs. When it turned out to be not entirely true, very little time remained for development. In the end, the GBU-28 weighing over two tons was made in an incredibly short time.
In the Soviet Air Force, aircraft were abbreviated as the name of the designer and the number. Odd fighters and other even aircraft. The individual variants were distinguished by letters after the designation. However, these were always aircraft with the same design basis. The only exception was the Tu-22M. According to the designation, it might seem that it was a variant of the Tu-22. But it was a completely new design. Why did he bear the name of his predecessor?