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Adolf Hitler

As part of his expansionist program based on the principle of the supremacy of the Germanic race, he invaded the Rhineland (1936), occupied Austria, the Sudetenland (1938) and Czechoslovakia (1939). He started World War II on September 1, 1939. When he lost it, he committed suicide on April 30, 1945 in Berlin.

Assassination of Reinhard Heydrich

On 27 May 1942 inΒ Prague,Β Reinhard Heydrich – the commander of theΒ Reich Security Main OfficeΒ (RSHA), acting governor of theΒ Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and a principal architect of theΒ Holocaust – was attacked and wounded in an assassination attempt byΒ CzechoslovakΒ resistance operativesΒ Jozef GabčíkΒ andΒ Jan KubiΕ‘. Heydrich died of his wounds on 4 June 1942. He was one of the most powerful men inΒ Nazi GermanyΒ and an important figure in the rise ofΒ Adolf Hitler.

Assassination of Reinhard Heydrich

The effect of the assassination was great. Everyone was puzzled by the torrents of blood that the Germans were shedding, but it was these that caused Britain to annul the Munich Agreement. After this bloodshed, no one could imagine that Czechs and Germans could live peacefully in one state, and this had an impact on, for example, the post-war expulsion of Germans. The murder of Lidice and Lezak made an impression on the whole of world opinion, and a wave of sympathy for our entire nation arose. In this respect, I have to assess the assassination in an unequivocally positive light. Heydrich was a criminal who received the punishment he deserved.

Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte

Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte became a legend of the German airborne troops. During World War II, he fought on all European battlefields and in North Africa. He was nicknamed the "paratrooper with the rosary" for his strong Catholic convictions.

Fritz Haber

German physical chemist, "father of chemical weapons"

Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Himmler was the SS-ReichsfΓΌhrer, Geheime Staatspolizei, commander of the SS Waffen-SS, Minister of the Interior from 1943 to 1945, and organizer of the mass extermination of Jews in the Third Reich and German-occupied territories.

Hitler in Obersalzberg to sign the German-Soviet Pact on August 24, 1939

The decision to attack Poland was made in the spring. Originally, there were fears that due to the political situation we would have to strike at the same time against England, France, Russia and Poland. We could not afford such a risk. GΓΆring showed us that his four-year plan would fail and that we would be on the brink of strength if we did not win in the coming war.

Lieutenant General Hyazinth Count Strachwitz von Grossgauch-Gamnitz

He was wounded fourteen times. He operated with ten tanks 150 km behind the Soviet front and returned to base without loss. In the north of the Eastern Front, Tukumi seized it, a city of great importance for further operations and considered almost impregnable. Strachwitz deceived the enemy, bypassed the city and attacked in a flash. His tanks rumbled through the streets, with 50 T-34 and SU-85 tanks with barrels facing west. In a few minutes they stood in one flame. He was undoubtedly the most imaginative tank commander, a master of " small combat ", in which he achieved incredible success on his fist with a few tanks.

The concept of leadership in fascist Italy and Nazi Germany

1. Definition of Fascism and Nazism The word fascism is derived from the Latin fasces and is a designation for a bundle of rods tied around an ax, worn in front of ancient officials by ancient officials as a sign of their important social function. We also have the Italian name fascio o otep or bundle, which was used by Italian revolutionaries in the nineteenth century and during the First World War also by many Italian activists engaged in various activities. However, the fascist movement Fasci di Combattimento, which is the subject of this work, originated in Milan on March 23, 1919, when war veterans, futuristic intellectuals and trade unionists, led by Mussolini, met in the Milan Industrial and Trade Union building in Piazza San Sepolcro to "declare the war of socialism because it opposes nationalism ".

The concept of leadership in fascist Italy and Nazi Germany

Introduction The power structure applied after the rise of fascism in Italy is to some extent different from that applied in Nazi Germany. Nevertheless, many social science theorists tend to combine both types of ideology in interpreting fascism. In my bachelor's thesis, I want to try to answer the question which of these two regimes, in practical application, came closer to its ideological conception of the relationship between the leader and the party.

The concept of leadership in fascist Italy and Nazi Germany

2. The concept of the state The Fasci di Combattimento movement originated on March 23, 1919, when about three hundred people gathered to declare war on socialism. However, the path to seizing power was very thorny for the Italian fascists in the following years - yet they managed to take power eleven years earlier than the Nazis in Germany.

The concept of leadership in fascist Italy and Nazi Germany

3. The principle of leadership According to contemporary testimonies, Mussolini had charm, the ability of skilful political compromises and at the same time a refined instinct for self-preservation mixed with good organizational ability and intuition for the effective delegation of competencies. Compared to Hitler, however, he was more of an executive administrative worker than a type of orator who toured mass meetings and enchanted crowds with fiery rhetoric. Hitler lacked precisely that diligence and consistency in carrying out the normal official duties of the head of state, on the other hand, he was a better strategist, a more energetic leader and orator, and, unlike Mussolini, he needed the ability to build absolute authority. He was able to work with the masses through mass public meetings and the terrorization of opponents by Nazi troops.