Heinkel He 111 P-2

Heinkel He 111 P-2 Heinkel He 111 P-2
Originální název:
Original Name:
Heinkel He 111 P-2
bombardovací letoun bomber aeroplane
DD.MM.1939-DD.MM.1940 Ernst Heinkel Flugzeugwerke AG (EHF), Rostock-Marienehe /
DD.MM.1939-DD.MM.1940 Norddeutsche Dornier-Werke GmbH (NDW), Wismar /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
- EHF: 451
- NDW: 288
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
DD.01.1938 (prototyp / prototype He 111 V8)
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
Vzlet a přistání:
Take-off and Landing:
CTOL - konvenční vzlet a přistání CTOL - conventional take-off and landing
Uspořádání křídla:
Arrangement of Wing:
jednoplošník monoplane
Uspořádání letounu:
Aircraft Concept:
klasické conventional
zatahovací retractable
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola wheels
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
Hmotnost prázdného letounu:
Empty Weight:
6250 kg 13779 lb
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
12700 kg 27999 lb
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
? kg ? lb
22,50 m 73ft 9,83in
16,40 m 53ft 9,66in
4,00 m 13ft 1,47in
Plocha křídla:
Wing Area:
87,60 m2 942.92 ft2
Plošné zatížení:
Wing Loading:
? kg/m2 ? lb/ft2
pístový piston
Počet motorů:
Number of Engines:
Daimler-Benz DB 601 A-1
- invertní vidlicový
- počet válců: 12
- vzletový výkon: 809 kW (1100 PS)
Daimler-Benz DB 601 A-1
- inverted V-design
- number of cylinders: 12
- take-off power output: 1085 hp
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
? ?
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
410 km/h v 5000 m 255 mph in 16404 ft
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
380 km/h v ? m 236 mph in ? ft
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
? m/s ? ft/min
Čas výstupu na výšku:
Time to Climb to:
? min do ? m ? min to ? ft
Operační dostup:
Service Ceiling:
8000 m 26247 ft
? km ? mi
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
1970 km 1224 mi
hmotnost pum: 2000 kg

obranná výzbroj: 3x MG 15
bomb load: 4409 lb

defensive armament: 3x MG 15
Uživatelské státy:
User States:

- -
Feist, U., Dario, M.: Heinkel He 111, Podzun-Verlag, 1976
Michulec, R.: Heinkel He 111, AJ-Press, 1993
Stachura, P., Zazvonil, J., Haladěj, D.: Heinkel He 111, Modelpres, 1994
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#380040 Version : 0

Citace :

Mystery plane crash on Měděnci revealed!
Jaroslav Prchal

In the Krkonoše - Jizera mountains no. 3/2002 out the article brings basic information about the four airline crashes in the Jizera mountains in the second world war. Much more challenging, however, showed the refinement of the tragic disaster on the mountain Měděnec in 1941.

For the success of the whole quest was the most important letter mrs. Vera Rauscherové (heating. living in Germany), which at the time of the disaster was a pupil of elementary school in a New Town pod Smrkem. In the letter, which I forward along with other documents gathered for his book on the history of the New town pod Smrkem, my friend Charles, Laborer, was the most important note, that this was the aircraft of the squadron KG 53, which was flying from Yugoslavia to Russia. By studying the diaries of the squadron and the archives of the Luftwaffe was possible this figure correct - the plane flew from the airport near the city of Lille in France, near the belgian border to the town of Grojec in Poland, and enabled the advanced timing data referred to in the letter. Also showed more určitěji, that the description of the event Emil Novák is inaccurate, i had doubts about the type of aircraft, which it is reported. Completely misleading are his descriptions of the causes and course of the disaster.

There was therefore only one option - to go on Měděnec and see in detail the area of the crash and possibly even the remaining part of the aircraft structure, of which there "treasure hunters" have overlooked. The impetus for this was also the perfect photo sent by son-in-law To. Day laborer.

This year on Sunday 6. June I to those places issued with four colleagues from the Prague air archive. When you climb from the junction at Streitova the image I in vain recalled, who depicted the journey as comfortable to climb, almost along the contour, and that there were novoměstští citizens after Sunday lunch with their families on furlough. Output was, however, much more challenging I guess because we didn't know the right way.

The crash site is guarded by a solitary boulder called old timers "Der kleine Stein" (a Small stone), peak rock was called "Der grosse Stein" (Big stone). And we got lucky. According to the remnants of the undercarriage legs I could determine exactly where the plane touched the ground, when before sesekal the tops of the trees. Flew from the west over the Dirty hill and the pilot apparently at the last moment, he dragged the plane upward against the slope, whose top the slope was too steep and therefore the possibilities of climb of the aeroplane. The aircraft, therefore, will not collapse, but more or less landed flat and after touching to the ground continued drifting only a few more meters up the slope to the top of the rock. At impact neexplodoval, but both engines and medium trupová part with the cabin crew began to burn; this was confirmed and found ingots aluminum alloy parts of the engine. Discovered parts of the engine showed that it was about engines of the type Daimler Benz, DB 600, that had the aircraft Heinkel He-111 B or P. A crashed aircraft was not therefore, as claimed, třímotorový aircraft JU-52.

We found also mentioned the remnants of the thin-walled bottle from wine and strong from the sparkling wine, the broken wine glasses made of colored glass and shards of porcelain, hand-painted plates. On the one photo from To. Day laborer from a trip with his pupils to hold one of the boys also found a spoon. Aircraft in addition to bottles of wine apparently drove and table equipment for the officers ' club. Sadder were the findings of the personal belongings of the crew. A half charred cigarette lighter with a legible label, multi-purpose pocket knife made of stainless steel known brands with ohořelými střenkami, which was still completely functional, half of the pilot badge worn on the left side of the uniforms, and finding the saddest - charred sleeve wool sweater, which had non-commissioned officers. On the top of the rock, we discovered the already corroded clawing our sign technical commandos, which ensured the transport of debris to the road into the valley.

And then we found the diamond in the pile of clay - production label of the aeroplane. This clearly confirmed that the crashed aircraft was a Heinkel He-111 B.

It was therefore possible to make the conclusion. This type of aircraft because he fought for in the civil war in Spain, and in 1940 had already become obsolete, was withdrawn from operational service and assigned to the fourth training group, squadron, located near the city of Lille as both the group and the crew. Thanks to this finding might be the existing descriptions of the tragic accident on Měděnci corrected factually and temporally.

It all took place as follows. After the end of the battle of Britain remained the first and the second group of combat squadrons of KG 53 [ed. ./KG 53 and II./KG 53] even in northern France in airports near the city of Lille, where continues to take a unique disruptive attacks mainly on London. Because it was during the battle of Britain English RAF properly decimated, was in the squadron, as the first in the Luftwaffe, established a fourth group - the school - [ed. IV./KG 53]. The should your the airport also in the vicinity of Lille, and was used for the training of the operational ineligible obsolete aircraft Heinkel He-111 B. Members of all squads should have a pleasant accommodation even the possibility of distraction in a nearby town, and as reported by eyewitnesses, a very popular French local wines, Chateaux rouge and blanc.

This total peaceful idyll is over 16. June 1941, when they were all three of the group including the staff of the squadron moved at a Polish airport Radom, Radzyň and Grojec. Aircraft squadrons of KG 53, as a first 22. June at 3.15 pm. dropped bombs on the airport in the Soviet union, so started not only this war, but what none of the pilots back then didn't know even the beginning of the end of the "Thousand year reich".

Because they knew very well that he is facing a much tougher life in the Russian field conditions, take care of adequate supplies of food, drink and cooking equipment. Since all the combat aircraft were already 16. June in Poland, lent the fourth group [ed. IV./KG 53], remaining until the invasion in Lille, one of his school aircraft. And so on Tuesday the 17th. June 1941 started the aircraft Heinkel He-111B, with narrow designation PB+AW from Lille to Grojecu, where, however, already made it. In the early evening ground fog ended his fateful flight on the steep western slope of Měděnec. According to well-kept records of the losses of the squadron reported that day, the loss of the only staff squadron, and: Fw. (master sergeant) Hans Abe, Fw. Adolf Schormann, Uffr. (petty officer) Peter Jenissen and Uffr. Fritz Schumacher. They are referred to as unaccounted for. Also, the fourth group reported on that day, one dead, in consequence of the weather situation killed Lt. (lieutenant) Hayo Müller of 11. squadron unknown. This five-man crew (in that matches the figure E. Novak) therefore, Měděnci found death.

Residents of the New Town pod Smrkem, although that night they heard a great blow, but would not arouse any attention - more important was the expected war with Russia. On Měděnci at the Large stone she was standing at a small wooden lookout tower, rather a watchtower. Novoměstský janitor mr. Bertheyer feared that after the outbreak of war will be the entrance to the lookout is prohibited, and therefore issued Sunday, 29. June together with his wife and daughter Margit (the classmate In. Tauscherové) to the top of the tower. When the little girl goes around the top of the rock appeared in the slope of the partly charred dead bodies (because of the disaster it's been 12 days, were already in advanced decomposition) and the scattered remnants of the airplane. Mr. Bertheyer went immediately into the city and reported to the police. Air technical squad subsequently transported the debris to the road and next to the train station. Where they were taken dead, is not known.

The truth about the tragedy is known, but there remain some questions. Died pilots in crash or injury victims of the fire? Of what causes the crash occurred? Was the cause of the navigation deviation on the track of the long over 1 200 km, or an underestimation of the navigation training? And what if the pilots chase away the thirst of good wine, which had a full aircraft, instead of náhražkovou black coffee from vacuum flasks? We don't know and therefore not judge.
Maybe he knows more "Der kleine Stein", which stands there on guard, but we didn't say anything, he was silent as a rock. Late and small consolation to the bereaved families today can be just knowing that their expensive caught air death in a beautiful but neglected corner of the Jizera mountains, where crowds of tourists do not disturb the sacred silence of this place.

Krkonoše - Jizerské hory no. 11/07
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#375127 Version : 0
He 111 P-1 bombers from III./KG 255 during a training flight in the summer of 1939.

Source: see above
Heinkel He 111 P-2 -

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#380041 Version : 0
Bokorys He 111 P-2

Source: war in the wagon No.102 He 111
Heinkel He 111 P-2 -

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#380350 Version : 0
Differences between the He 111 F and He 111 P versions

Source: He 111
Heinkel He 111 P-2 -

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#380344 Version : 0
Differences in nose shape between the He 111 F and He 111 P versions

Source: He 111
Heinkel He 111 P-2 -

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#380345 Version : 0
Differences in the design of the dorsal firing positions of the He 111 F and He 111 P versions

Source: He 111
Heinkel He 111 P-2 -

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#380346 Version : 0
Differences between the lower hemisphere defence solutions of the He 111 F and He 111 P versions

Source: He 111
Heinkel He 111 P-2 -

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#380347 Version : 0
A He 111 P-2 from the KG 55 arsenal captured over the northern French countryside heading for the UK to carry out a night bombing raid, October 1940.

Source: see above
Heinkel He 111 P-2 -

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Heinkel-He-111-P-2-t1005#380044 Version : 0
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