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Hiwis - východní dobrovolníci
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Hiwis-t305#1482Version : 0
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More than two and a half million men, practitioners from all European countries - enslaved, allies of Hitler's Germany or even neutral ones - wore some of the components of the German armed forces or other uniformed organizations connected with the war effort of the Third Reich during WWII. If we add more than 300,000 ethnic Germans who were citizens of other countries, we get three million. And that's just an average estimate.
It is almost impossible to determine the exact numbers of foreign soldiers of the Third Reich, especially Soviet citizens. Published data on "Eastern volunteers" differ for almost every author. For example, in the case of Hiwis, it is almost certain that the German commanders did not state the exact numbers of volunteer assistants, so that they did not have to admit that they exceeded the maximum numbers set by the high command. There are also no comparable data. If we know, for example, how many people from the Baltic nations served in the individual German armed forces at the end of the war, we already lack a comparable overall figure for volunteers of Russian nationality. It is also necessary to know that the data from 1945 do not tell us much about how many people actually went through these units in 1941-1945, ie how many south fell, how many were disabled by disability or illness, or how many simply left after their contract period has expired. Another problem is that, for example, we know from German statistics how many people passed through the Wehrmacht, SS, police, security and guard units during the war, but it is no longer possible to find out the actual number of individuals, how many were simply individuals, because statistics do not include transitions soldiers or police officers from one type of unit to another.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Hiwis-t305#1492Version : 0
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zkratka HiWi se úpoužívala myslím jen pro pomocné útvary stavěné na východní frontě z občanů bývalého sovětského svazu. Bylo oficiálně povoleno stavět útvary do velikosti praporu vyzbrojené ručními zbraněmi a pod velením německých důstojníků. Jednotky měli německé stejnokroje a sovětské zbraně a i další výstroj. původně měli sloužit jako zajištění týlu vojsk. V reálu se to běžně porušovalo a tyto jednotky byly použity i v bojích přímo na frontě, hodně dobrovolníků sloužilo i přímo v německých útvarech jako řidiči, kočí a pomocný personál. Mimo to bývyjí někdy do HiWi počítány i místní protipartyzánské útvary (jako třeba RONA) které sem v zásadě nepatří, nespadaly totiž pod armádu. HiWi je zkratka pro Hilfs Willige.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Hiwis-t305#62637Version : 0
here is a photo of Russian HiWis helping to bury the German dead ->
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Hiwis-t305#161235Version : 0
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