SS fighter unions - the so-called Jagdverbande - were established as special units for fighting guerrillas and guerrilla warfare behind the enemy. If we want to get as close as possible to the truth about their origin and functioning, we must first get acquainted with the history of their parent division, which was the Brandenburg Division.
The beginnings of the formation of this army group date back to 1939. Captain Theodor von Hippel came up with a vision of small specialized units that were to operate in the rear of the enemy and conduct intelligence, sabotage and other military operations. The army's top officials were not in favor of Hippel's plan, so the ambitious officer turned to Admiral Canaris, the head of the Abwehr.
The Abwehr was a German military intelligence body, founded in 1921 and used for defense intelligence. As an independent office, the Abwehr was abolished after the assassination of Hitler in 1944, when the leaders of this organization were involved in planning or knew about the upcoming coup. Canaris himself was arrested on Hitler's orders and later, on April 9, 1944, executed in Flosenburg.
Hippel's vision was based on his experience of World War I, serving in General Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck's East African German Corps, which fought a significant superiority of British and Belgian colonial forces. With the "hit and disappear" tactic, Lettow-Vorbeck managed to resist the enemy for quite some time, and although he was forced to retreat and surrender, he became a German national hero.
Hippel proposed that small elite units, highly skilled in sabotage, espionage, weapons handling (including enemy) and fluent language of the enemy, operate in the enemy's rear, damaging the background and morale on his side of the front. Canaris promoted Hippel to lieutenant colonel, hired him as head of the 2nd Division of the Abwehr, and gave him a free hand to accomplish this difficult task.
But let's go back to the Brandenburg family. The unit was given the code name "800th Bau.und Lehrkompanie Z.b.V 800" - (800th Special Purpose Construction and Instruction Company). The core of the original unit was formed by members of the Ebinghaus battalion, whose members distinguished themselves during the invasion of Poland, when they brought confusion to the rear of Polish troops by occupying bridges and prevented the smooth maneuvering of the rear troops of Polish troops. They also destroyed major road and rail junctions and assisted the Wehrmacht in advancing by securing intact bridges and other strategic objectives.
This sabotage unit grew dynamically. First, in January 1940, the battalion strength reached the strength of four infantry companies, one motorcycle platoon and a paratroop platoon. In the same year in December, the unit expanded to the Lehrregiment Brandenburg Z.b.V 800 (800th Brandenburg Instruction Regiment for special purposes). A little later it was renamed the "800th Sonderverband" (Special Union 800), to which 5 airborne regiments were subordinated, and finally the Brandenburg Division was established the following year.
The Brandenburg gathered military weapons and explosives specialists, interpreters, naval and airborne units, but the character and mission of this division would not be possible without volunteers - members of the countries occupied during World War II, who spoke the language of the state fluently and could thus undisturbed. fulfill their "mission". The terrorist style of Brandenburg did not deny the countless actions of these "Brandenburg Commandos" and the members of this division committed countless war crimes and crimes against humanity.
The Brandenburg troops were active on almost all fronts - during the invasion of Poland, Denmark and Norway, the Battle of France, Operation Barbarossa, Finland, Greece and the invasion of Crete, Romania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Some troops were sent to infiltrate Allied India, Afghanistan, and also fought in the Middle East and South Africa.
They were also preparing for Operation Felix (planned seizure of Gibraltar) and Operation Lvoun (planned invasion of Great Britain).The unit was very successful in occupying strategic bridges, tunnels and railway stations in Poland and the Netherlands. But that's a different story. The events surrounding Otto Skorzeny, a Third Reich specialist in sabotage and terror, are important to our narration.
In 1943, Heinrich Himmler commissioned SS Hauptsturmführer Otto Skorzeny, who originally belonged to the SS Leibstandarte "Adolf Hitler", to use all available means and with his full support to build a battalion of agents called the SS Friedentahl ZbV and later renamed 502 fighter battalion. A group of officers from the Brandenburg Division, under the command of Lt. Col. Adrian vol Fokersers volunteered for Skorzeny, as instructors and commanders of the special unit being formed.
After Stauffenberg's failed assassination of Hitler, the structure of the entire Abwehr, and logically the Brandenburg Division, was changed by extensive reorganization. The OKW Foreign Defense Espionage and Sabotage Office was directly subordinate to Himmler, who took over as Mil into his RSHA, the Reich's main security office. In the office of Mil, sabotage, diversion and subversion of the enemy fell into the area of the Mil D military department, whose chief became Skorzeny, who in the meantime had personally promoted Hitler to SS-Obersurmbannführer and awarded him several times for his actions. For example, the liberation of Mussolini or the abduction of Admiral Horthy's son.
In close cooperation with the General Staff of the Wehrmacht, especially General Jodl, Skorzeny formed for the so-called crash operations and sabotage actions in the rear of the enemy "Fighter Sections". During 1944, another 1,800 men of various ranks from the Brandenburg Division voluntarily transferred to these divisions, named the SS - Jagdverbande. The rest were assigned to the SS Grossdeutschland division, where these soldiers fought until the end of the war.
In July and August, German sites were concerned about the situation in Slovakia. She was well aware that guerrilla warfare was being organized in this area on such a scale that the German army could have great problems in retreating. Despite the fact that the Germans had very good news from the intelligence network, there are very strong anti-German sentiments in the Slovak army, which can lead to an armed resignation. Internal events were closely monitored, especially by SD.
As already indicated, the Germans in the background needed peace, and therefore began to make preparations for the liquidation of the guerrilla movement. The Germans placed great hope in the officers and non-commissioned officers of the Brandenburg Division, who were to be trained for instructor activities and tasked with selecting and recruiting suitable Czech and Slovak-skilled persons in Slovakia, training them and deploying them against the guerrillas.
Already in the early summer of 1944, Lieutenant Pawlovsky, a Sudeten German from Horní Benešov, was instructed to lead a war school - Kampfschulle in Baden near Vienna, where he was to train the above-mentioned non-commissioned officers and officers in the instructor's trade. The Brandenburgers in Baden also underwent anti-guerrilla and sabotage training to prepare for the upcoming tasks.
The Germans were increasingly concerned about the situation in Slovakia and the inaction of the local authorities, and therefore Pawlovský received an order on July 22, 1944 to establish the "Slovakia Fighter Union". For this purpose, he was assigned two very experienced people, one of whom was SS-oberscharführer Kurt Werner Tutter.
Lieutenant Colonel Nageller, a German adviser to Hlinka's guard, pressured Pawlovsky to speed up training because he suspected an uprising would take place. The situation in Slovakia has worsened. On August 26, 1944, a German general in Slovakia, von Hubitzki's armored vehicle general, at Pawlovsky's suggestion, ordered the deployment of Jagdeinsatz Slowakai to Bratislava to prevent the takeover. Members of the SS divisions of 80 men were assigned to guard government buildings and other strategically important objects.
On August 28, 1944, the entire unit was transferred to the vicinity of Bratislava, because according to the order "forces will be used against the danger of coup". A day later, the SNP broke out. Within a few days, the insurgents controlled almost the entire territory of Slovakia.The exception was Bratislava and the easternmost parts of Slovakia.
The Slovak Fighter Union was, as the first German unit in Slovakia, deployed to Bratislava on 30 August for predetermined tasks of a strategic nature. At first, the unit seemed to be the arrival of stronger unions, passing the city over and over and performing various tasks. The focus was on guarding the presidential palace, occupying the Ministry of National Defense and assisting in the disarmament of Slovak troops. The commander of these events was Dr. Ervín Reidl - a former state prosecutor in Šumperk, who became the bodyguard of the then President Tisza.
The unit continued to grow and on September 21 was incorporated into the SS Fighter Unions. Several of these unions have been formed. Their officers and non-commissioned officers came, as already mentioned, from the Brandenburg Division. The team was recruited in many states where German troops resided, in order to counter the resistance in that territory using knowledge of the mother tongue, which was a unique prerequisite for provocative and infiltration actions. Members of these units were trained to work against the supply and intelligence of the enemy in the rear of regular enemy groups and armies. The soldiers were usually deployed to the rear for three months and then returned to their unit.
The SS fighters were formed in a different way than the regular army. The commander of these unions was Lt. Col. SS Otto Skorzeny, otherwise also the head of Amt VI. RSHA (Imperial Central Security Agency).
Author: Daniel Gargulák
Archive of security forces fund 325/39/1
Julius Mader: Killers Lurk, Our Army, Prague 1962
The unit "Josef" was the codename of one of the parts of the "Fighter of the union of Slovakia", as well as the Edelweiss (Edelweiss) – commander of the earl mjr. THUN and Scheewittchen (Snow white) – the commander of the por. Schindler. Fighter association Slovakia – subject – Stíhacímu association of south-east under the leadership of mjr. Benesch.
Commander "Joseph" was lieutenant Walter Pawlovski 14.12 1913 – a sudeten German from the Top of Benešov. He studied at the philosophical faculty of the German university in Prague. The latest from April 1943 he was in the rank of lieutenant member of the division Brandenburg. In 1944 would be promoted and in the rank of lieutenant commander he was appointed commander of the so-called Kampfschule this division in Baden near Vienna. In late 1944, became the commander of the special unit "Einhait Josef". This unit was designed for a terrorist, diversním and intelligence tasks in the rear of the enemy. It was composed mostly of Slovak Germans and Slovaks, mainly from members of the Hlinkovy youth, and partly, especially in the command positions of the sudeten Germans. The unit was as part of the division Brandenburg subordinate to the SS, respectively RSHA. First you should post in Bratislava, where 5.10 1944 moved to Rarborku u Malacek, where he also received the designation of Pi.Ers.in.And.kp 675 – number field mail of 23 222, and the official name then sounded the SS Jagdverbande 232 Einhait Joseph. Was subordinated to the commander of the union of the south-east. The number of field mail 23222 maintained.
By that time, was concentrated the whole force at the camp in Rarborku in the protection zone to undergo at the local military training ground to a special training for the agents and meet with třaskavinami and sabotážními means also with the form against the partisan struggle. In Bratislava remained a small recruitment office, as a foothold for intercourse with Slovak volunteers.
Due to the training, the unit was divided into four platoons, which were to form the basis for future fighter squads. Training in Rarborku lasted until 30.10 1944 but the unit is there delayed a longer period of time, since the armament was delivered late and not compliant, with serious deficiencies for example - stenguny with bad mags, pistol Nagant with no ammo, hand grenades without lighters, etc. From the presence of these alien weapons, it is apparent that were this acquainted even with the armaments of the adversary and also with her learning to use and had it in the arsenal. In addition to the Groans that were PPSH-41,43, Mosiny, čs.light machine guns ZB-24,26-, but in the arsenal of the fighters were weapons of different provenance, for example the German, Hungarian, Italian and more. It was the same with uniforms. Have used both civilian clothing in the simulation of guerilla life, often wore also the Slovak army uniforms, but the sharp action, for example, on the Ploštině and in Prlově were dressed in the uniforms of the Waffen SS.
Deployment in anti-partisan activities
Planting in the suppression of guerrilla activities was actually made by the germans a kind of a sort of school for new trainees and preparation for the fulfilment of the main task and that the transition queue and the action in the rear of the enemy. On 31.10 1944 the group was moved to the Sekul in the protection zone. On 3.11.1944 was concentrated 4 fighter squads in Trencianske Teplice in one of the centres of guerrilla activity.
The unit was deployed according to the following aspects:
In Rarbocku were already placed the freshly conscripted Slovak volunteers and those here have received training under the leadership of the por.Sonnbergera and prap.Tuttera. Later it was for security reasons moved to the Sekul. In October, the greater part of the troops and the crew moved to Trencianske Teplice, where she began to perform intelligence and combat missions against the guerrillas in the context of its training. In this unit, there was an obvious widespread training in the areas of sabotage, provocation, controlled the interview and other intelligence techniques compared to the other two Slovak – German troops Edelweiss and Scheewittchen, which were rather just volunteer combat units of the SS.
Members of the unit, Josef also had to sign the so-called "Sippenhalt" which meant that if they disclose secrets relating to the plans, the unit pays for it with his life the whole family frekventanta. There was also an ongoing recruitment of new members from the ranks of the imperial and Slovak Germans and Slovaks, members of the Hlinkovy guard, Emergency sections HG and Hlinkovy youth.
At the time of the move to Trencianske Teplice was in the report on the activities of 28. February 1945 with the unit 10 non-commissioned officers, 372 men of German nationality and 125 of Slovak volunteers. Even in Trencianske Teplice with the continued restocking of the unit. One example shows the acquisition of a certain Ladislav Hudec, a Slovak from Banska Bystrica, which has been obtained as an associate SD ( Sicherheitsdienstu). Upon arrival to T. Teplice got Hudec from Tuttera tasks to detect among the population anti-German sentiment and to report such persons directly Tutterovi. Later, he was the Musician, the only Slovak holder of the Iron cross II. class.
Kurt Werner Tutter born in 4.12 1909 in Prague. He was a very educated man, speaks ten languages, by profession a mechanical engineer. He graduated from this field at the German technical university in Prague. Already before the war he was active in the movement rozbíjejících the Czechoslovak republic. He was the responsible editor of the henleinovského the magazine "Der Ruf". Konrad Henlein was even godfather to his children.After the occupation became an employee of the reich office for propaganda – Reichspropagandaamt in the so-called Sudetlandu in Liberec. In 1942 he was a member of the SS and SD with the rank of untersturmführera. For the merit of the breaking of the Czechoslovak republic he received the medal "Zur Erinnerung an den 1.Oktober 1938“.
Tutter participated in the events division Brandenburg throughout Europe, for example, in Norway, Italy, Yugoslavia, Turkey, and the tasks were performed also in north Africa.
Eventually, however, caused the death of a man, was tried for manslaughter in a car accident when she fled the scene and was demoted and is zaraženým procedure sent to the front. Thanks to knowledge of Russian, participated in Pyatigorsk in the Caucasus to anti-soviet propaganda among the muslim population of this area. Later he was wounded and after recovery he volunteered to Kampfschule division Brandenburg in Freiburg, where he passed a special combat and intelligence training. There probably met lieutenant Pawlovského which is supposedly very close and that it was acquired for the cooperation on the project of special squads of the SS. He had a special intelligence and combat training, and then served as instructor in the above mentioned battle school "Kampfschule" division Brandenburg. Tutter was highly educated, a very able intelligence officer, controlling ten languages including Hebrew. I had an instructor in combat school suggests he wasn't a bad soldier. His superior, SS-obersturmfürer Dr. Walter Pavlovski, code-named Dr. Fish was directly commissioned by assembling a special section, which should be trained in terms of guerilla fighting in the rear of the Red army after crossing the queue. For example:
VALKO – lieutenant SS, 1915
By order of the German headquarters of 12.2 1945, he was appointed commander of the components of the unit "Josef" measures KATTER. It was a German partisan unit, which was planted parachutes into the area of the pass of the Beskydy and Vereckého in the number of 30 SS – men and 20 volunteers of foreign nationality – (Slovak) – similar to Commandos or Rangers. The operation consisted in the interference with the supply of liberation units.
On 28.2 1945 took over the leadership of the Slovak group of the course in KAMPSCHULE in Sekulích, a terrorist of the course unit "Josef" – field post no 23 222 – under this heading the unit was also called the "SS Jagdverband Joseph 232".
From Sekul passes along with Tutterem, Pawlovským, Michalským and other killers in Trencianske Teplice. Here are the set up guerrilla units called "EIGENE GEGEBANDEN", consisting of slovaks, russians, germans, ukrainians.
Under German command were conducting malicious activity on the notch of the insurgency, and subsequently guerrillas. The inclusion of Valka confirms in a protocol statement, Štefan Lörincz. Said, that in February 1945 was one of the commanders in the Sekulích then in T. Teplice and finally in Vizovice. In vizovice lectured topography and in the Slovak language even if he came from Graz too, probably the father or grandfather were from Slovakia. Performed also training with the armored fist. He was a recipient of three commendations and a silver buckle.
Author: Daniel Gargulák
Source: ABS - 325/39/1
Archives of the author.
Sturmbannführer Benesch - / Benesch zřejmě není pravé jméno velitele, ale více jmen u těchto jedotek, to bylo velmi běžné/Velitel SS JAGDVERBAND SUDOST
In the history of the unit, Josef was getting into the background of other similar units, especially the sister section of the Edelweiss, who infamously stated mainly in Kremničky Slovakia executions of civilians including children and old people.
SS – Jagdwerbande Einhait Joseph has played in the history of the much more prominent role than so far known, or these new developments remained in a narrow academic circle of nejsečtělejších historians of the modern history of Czechoslovakia. Therefore, in the history of our country, by which I mean Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia. Not only was the first unit of the German armed forces on the territory of the Slovak state and was tasked with guarding the most important objects in Bratislava and even the personal protection of Joseph Tisa.
By contrast, it was Abwehrgruppe 218 – Edelweiss, was a group of well-trained killers, who have given voluntarily on the wrong side at the time when it was clear that the AXIS and, with it, klerofašistická part of the words of the nation, involved in the so-called Slovak state has lost the war and these "adventurers" got tempted by the prospect of high pay and other perks, that they experienced the press gang – recruiters artfully vmanipulovali.
I don't want to apologize for a series of war crimes, which members of the SS Jagdverbande Slowakei dopusili. Here I want to point out that even though I personally regret the division of the republic in 1992, I have no antipathy against the new Slovakia, and there's a lot of good friends.
Interesting is the "Edelweiss"(a free translation of Edelweiss), the personality of the commander of the major SS Thun von Hohenstein( real name Erwin Sigmund von Thun-Honenstein. The first world war served as a hulán and the backups went in the rank of lieutenant. Its characteristic is possible to be described as a very good language specialist, in particular slavic languages, Czech, Slovak, perfect his Russian and excellently handled also various caucasian dialects, the knowledge of which was beneficial to the recruitment of the cossacks among soviet prisoners of war. In 1940, enters into a special regiment of Brandenburg, who was known under the code name "800. Bau. und Lehrbatalion From.b.In“ ( 800. Building and instruction company for special purposes) and preparing for a special operation Felix ( the conquest of Gibraltar, neuskutečněno).
In 1941, participating in the murder of jews in the Lviv region, and as commander of the striking and sabotážního of the battalion "Nightingale"(Nachtigall), consisting mainly of Ukrainian nationalists and cossacks.
But special training as a "Josefovci", who were carefully selected from the sudeten or the Slovak Germans or volunteers of HG and HM and it was required a certain education, they did not.
In addition, they were carefully tested and in addition to the desired volunteering was composed the oath of the so-called "Sippenhalt" which meant that the disclosure of the mission of the unit, sběhnutí, or reckless to the captivity of the enemy, has affected the whole family member of the unit, Josef.
The command of the SS Jagdverbande – Einhalt Joseph were, according to the testimony of Kurt Werner Tuttera in close connection with the Slovak government circles, especially with Otomarem Kubalou after the outbreak of the uprising of the commander of the HG and the German military advisor to Slovakia's SS – Sturmbannführerem Nagellerem.
The core units were graduates of the Freiburg sabotage the school such as lieutenant. Dr. Pawlowski and you then yourself typovali appropriate to an individual for service in the unit, which should have a very unusual mission. Therefore, unusual for the German army. 28. February 1945 was in units of 500 men.
Courses Raborku in Sekulích and Trencianske Teplice passed to 28.2 1945, for the unit Einhalt Joseph 125 Slovak volunteers, who formed a separate company.
Especially the course in Trencianske Teplice, a priority designated for the Slovak Germans and most fanatical of the Slovak volunteers under the SS, was the hideous school-based challenge methods, terror, intelligence games and sabotage. The first time we meet with the names of some Slovak volunteers, who are demonstrably involved in the murder on the Ploštině and in Prlově. For the unit "Einhalt Joseph"is gaining the dr.Fish /which is a pseudonym of Walter Pawlowského/,who personally recruited the young man in Slovak cities.
For all the example in the last article already mentioned Ladislav Hudec, Kamila Gaal and Miroslav Perglera.
Like Pawlovski it was Kurt Werner Tutter, who had in the courses on the charge of teaching to legend, intelligence work simply was a master in the spy game. As in the case of Hudec in Banská Bystrica, where it recruited or if you want to gained for cooperation Pawlowský, with a glass of wine or something stronger in a local bar.
As progressed even Tutter and especially in Bratislava, Žilina, Zvolen, Banská Štiavnica, Povážské Bystrica simply where there was a gymnasium or operate other types of secondary schools.
Through the existing ľudáckou a network of informants, or small-scale bribe to obtain awareness about the young men just předvojenského age and best odmaturovaných, therefore, with a high school education, which assumed an intelligent person, but due to the age of easily manipulovatelných. With these adepts were meeting or had to present a known, or a teacher, as reported by the historian Luděk Navara, in his book Death says Tutter, one such case.
"An interesting, but tragic story about a young man Štefanu Pazderovi and his friend Štefanu Kučera. Tutterovi Pazderu introduced his professor from the school and on the Tutterův account together drank a cup of red wine, while Tutter was very friendly, he was harmless, empathic impression and alluded to the possibility of further education in special courses. About what courses are already mentioned. Simply, he abused his intellect and education, and lured the young man into the ranks of future killers. Fortunately, Pazdera refused, saying that he has a serious girlfriend, but the sad ending to the story is the fact that a few days after the young students undergo unit Joseph at the Selected, captured four rebels. One of the young guerrilla Stefan Kučeru, the coincidence of unfortunate circumstances a friend of Štefan Pazdery, poorly tied with wire to a tree, on the neck they gave him the explosives and blew up! This was part of the filling of the practical exercise of special Kampfschülle, which have migrated from place to place. The fate of the other three was similar.“
The other course members Einhait Joseph in Sekulích was divided into two companies. The first company consisted of members of German nationality and was divided into 4 platoons. This company was practicing separately from the other, which was all composed of young men of Slovak nationality, and these were recruited after the outbreak of the SNP. They came mainly from the ranks of the luďácké Hlinkovy youth and in the units entered of your own free will - voluntarily. The course lasted seven weeks and its students undergo prodělávali basic military training. Undergoing eod course, practiced shooting from the weapons of both German and English and soviet – have learned to use the bazookas of both species as Panzerfaust, Panzershrek. An indispensable component of the quality of training was close combat – man against man, and eventually gained experience in anti - partisan struggle. 22.2.1945 swore Slovak company loyalty to president Tisovi and the Slovak state, but "on paper" are subject to the troops of the SS, namely the already mentioned SS-JAGDGRUPPE SÜD-OST, under the command of SS – Standartenführera Benesch ( possible code name) and the subject SS-JAGDGRUPPE MITTE, which is subject to SS-Obersturmbanführerovi Otto Skorzenymu the German specialist in sabotage and terror.
The commander of the Slovak company, which was the unit "Josef" was the por. SS Valko, his deputy and commander of the first platoon of por .SS Mattel. The second platoon led the German sergeant ROSCHIK and the German sergeant commanding the other platoon and platoons.Barčay. From Trencianske Teplice were reassigned members of "JOSEPH" to Němšic in Půchove, where they were sent to Bratislava to carry out sabotage activities and at the end of the action done in Vizovice in Moravia with a short intermezzem in Trest, Moravia, where provocative actions also dirty your hands with blood. Rotník BEUTEL and fourteen of his comrades were playing sběhy from the Slovak army and the two young partisans from the organization RE-KNOWS /the Revolution will win/pay for it life.
After the deadly week between the 16. And 23. April 1945 in Vizovice unit Josef 25.4. 1945, dissolves with the fact that every student got a gun with bullets 1500 rubles and 100 rubles, together with a half kg of explosives, the implementation of sabotage tasks. Actions were pre-planned while some like SCHWEIN was called off so next as STIER, HENGST, LEBER, WIDDER, KATER.
(PIG,SWINE) has been drawn up already in January 1945, and submitted to the 31.1.1945. A special task SCHWEIN had from selected members of the unit "Josef" to assemble a guerrilla group, as a base for future resistance movements on the territory of liberated Slovakia. Members of the SS, involved in the action should převlnit (go line) through the territory of the fighting, during the German pstupu and stay through the winter in the mountains south east of the Chosen. Here we establish a connection with the agency's networks, and then on the orders to carry out sabotage on the railway in the space of Kremnice-Senice – Elected – B.Bysltrica. The spring unit to strengthen, as winter in the mountains allow it stay just small groups. The commander was appointed lieutenant of the SS Sonnberger and further should attend the event 10 non-commissioned officers of the SS and the men of German nationality and six Slovaks. Confidants was available about 50. The group was financially well secured. Had 500 000 Pcs for bribery confidants and 300 000 ,should for your need. Had another 100 000 rubles, and 100 000 new Rubles and five decent watches. On the original document with the letterhead of the SS JAGDVERBAND SÜDOST - JAGDEINSATSZ SLOWAKEI located blue stamp "Geheime Kommandosache" – a secret thing a commando - is without a signature with an illegible signature. Action Schwein was cancelled for the defection of several Slovak volunteers, giving the whole a complex conspiracy threatened so much so that the nazis wouldn't take the risk and waste the forces.
ACTION STIER – BULL
This action is supposed to involve interference with the supply of military equipment on the route Prešov – New Sandec and the provisional paralysis of the transport. At the same time should be interrupted by the other carpathian passes and this was to achieve a paralysis of the supply of stocks of RA through the Carpathians. The plan counted with the fact that the members of the "Bull" they've added more agents, paratroopers and national guardsmen who were deployed either by air, arrived in some way on its own wheels or on a given territory act as a civil person or already as members of the sections EIGENE GEGEBANDEN, German partisans. The launch should be in may of 1945. Group STIER was about something bigger than SCHWEIN. Comprised of 30 elite members of the SS and 20 Slovak volunteers. For their action they had available 400 000 Sk, 250 000 rubles, 250 000 new Kč 100 000 new Polish zloty and 500 English pounds.
The Action Of Eber – Boar
The commander was rtm.SS ing.To.W.Tutter us a well-known candidate for Engelchena from the novel by Ladislav Mňačka. "Boar" was constructed identical from the actions of "Bull", they were different just by the action, Tutter and his people had to operate on the route Humenné –Sanok and the hamstring in the area of rail transport. The group should be planted in early may 1945 by plane and was available to 250 000 rubles, 250 000, 100 000 new zloty and 500 pounds sterling.
Other actions are the same, or almost the same
WIDDER – Aries
- The commander of the por. SS. Michalski – the same number of men 30 the germans 20 slovaks, the same financial envelope. Discontinuation should be done by air in the area of Uzhgorod – Sambor
- KATER – Cat – Por.SS Valko – identical equipment and the number of. Section Mukachevo – Strij.
- In addition to these drops were prepared more action KATZCHEN, where it should have been in the area of Ružomberok Slovak telephonist with a network of confidants. Some of the groups had the task to find out what is with the secret radio in Gelnici, who lost to a group of Joseph connection.
- Action KUH – listed actions clearly portray what was the point JAGDVERBANDEN, specially trained "Brandenburáků", who had as guerrillas to operate in the rear of the red army. Her powers were so vast and along with the new Czechoslovak republic did not allow similar elements to rampage. There were the so-called Wehrwolfové, but it already other history.
According to the testimony of Frederick Klima – member of SS-Jagdgruppe Einhalt Joseph, where he served as a translator and partly as a clerk,should this group by easter 1945, 650 members, which showed on the diet. At the same date amounted to losses for the entire period of the combat deployment for 45 men.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE SS JAGDVERBANDEN
SS-Jagdverband "Mitte" Stab Fp. 04377
– Commander of SS - Obersürmbannführer Otto Skorzeny at that time superior of Amt VI.RSHA – and after the assassination attempt on Hitler 20.7 1944, Abwehr virtually under the control of the SS. And fighter unions were integrated into the Ausland-Abwehr (mil.AMT-D)
Deputy commander:SS-Hauptsturmführer Karl Fucker
4 infantry and one motorized company
4 a company of legionaries from the perfect knowledge of English
SS-Jagdverband "Nordwest" Fp. 05561
Commander :SS-Hauptsturmführer Hoyer
4 infantry company
4 company of foreign volunteers from the area of France,Belgium,Holland, Denmark and Scandinavia
Jagdeins. Skandinavien Fp. 06535
Jagdeins. Denmark Fp. 10235
Jagdeins. Netherlands Fp. 07612
Jagdeins. Belgien Fp. 11412
SS-Jagdverband "Ost" Fp. 20336
SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Adrian von Foelkersam
Jagdeins. Ostland Fp. 24242
Jagdeins. Rußland Fp. 35181
Jagdeins. Logs Fp. 13025
SS-Jagdverband "Südost" Stab Fp. 48927
SS-Hauptsturmführer Alexander Auch
SS -Jagdeins. Slowakei Fp. 23222 - the Commander of the SS - Obersturmbannfürer Dr. Walter Pawlovski
SS -Jagdeins. Ungarn Fp. 66177 SS - Hauptsturmführer Wolfram Kirchner
SS -Jagdeins. Serb-Kroat. Fp. 64081 SS-Obersturmführer Schlau
SS-Jagdeins. Bulgarien Fp. 67665 SS-Obersturmführer Werg
SS-Jagdeins. Albanien Fp. 33408
SS -Jagdeins. Rumänien Fp. 65637 SS-Hauptsturmführer Müller
SS-Jagdeinsatz Donau - SS-Hauptsturmführer Primer
SS-Jagdverband "Südwest" Stab Fp. 67010
Commander - SS-Hauptsturmführer Gerlach
SS -Jagdeins. Südfrankreich Fp. 17514
Sources: Archives of the author-Daniel Gargulák 2012, ABS - FUND 325,.
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Vedoucím Amt VI. RSHA, Ausland-SD, byl od června 1941 do konce války Walter Schellenberg.
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800. Bau. und Lehrbatalion Z.b.V
zřejmě je myšlen Bau-Lehr-Bataillon z.b.V. 800 "Brandenburg" - což byl prapor nikoli rota
SS JAGDGRUPPE SÜD-OST, pod vedením SS – Standartenführera Benesche ( možné krycí jméno) a ten podléhal SS JAGDGRUPPE MITTE
zřejmě je myšlen SS-Jagdverband Südost a SS-Jagdverband Mitte
Omlouvám se za překlepy a chyby, které jsou zapříčiněny nedostatkem času v poslání - šířit povědomí o II. odboji, který je u nás nedoceněný.
Není kam spěchat Lepší je napsat kvalitní článek než toto, kdy překlepy, nepřesnosti a chyby kvalitu článku dost podstatným způsobem devalvují. Dle mého názoru např. nelze směšovat pojem "Brandenburgští" a SS-Jagdverbande, ne každý příslušník jednotek Abwehru (Brandenburg) posléze vstoupil do Skorzenyho SS-Jagdverbande. Ti, kdo této nabídky "nevyužili, sloužili dále u vojskové Divize tankových granátníků Brandenburg. Nutno též poznamenat, že Kurt Werner Tutter byl po válce ve službách StB.
For other - Brandenburg, code-named 800. Lehr ..... - has undergone an evolution, from a small service to the division.
Really it was the first platoon, and only then began to Brandenburg to grow. I recommend to visit the Archives of security forces and study fund 325, where even the mention of it, that was Skorzeny's chief of Amt VI of the RSHA - to what extent should our scouts accurate information, it already is beyond me. It can be one hundred authors, who each have one thing different opinion:-).
Even to the confronting, that merging Brandenburg with Jagdverbande. It's natural, it's the highest quality, the officers and noncommissioned officers went voluntarily under the Fighter unions SS - eg Volkersam, Thun von Hohenstein - yes you have to excuse me in German, which I studied, English and Russian, Latin, yes, but German, I'm just starting, just due to the research of forgotten criminals of the smaller format, who only carry out orders, but brutally and with unprecedented alacrity.
Again, sorry for the typos, but next time I will act in a way that the article předpřipravím..