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Jefferies-Latimer, Jerrard

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Jefferies-Latimer
Jméno:
Given Name:
Jerrard
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Jerrard Jefferies-Latimer
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
-
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
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Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
DD.MM.RRRR
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
15.04.1943 Sauvillers-Mongival
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
-
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
1. března 1941 si po sňatku změnil jméno z Jefferies na Latimer.
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
https://www.bbm.org.uk/airmen/Jefferies.htm
URL : https://www.armedconflicts.com/Jefferies-Latimer-Jerrard-t64646#599337Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Jefferies-Latimer
Jméno:
Given Name:
Jerrard
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Jerrard Jefferies-Latimer
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.RRRR
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:
Automaticky vyplněné položky:
01.01.1941-07.07.1941 Velitel : 310. peruť RAF

Ručně vyplněné položky:
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

01.10.1940

Záslužný letecký kříž
Distinguished Flying Cross
-

10.01.1941

Československý válečný kříž 1939
Czechoslovak War Cross 1939
-

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://www.bbm.org.uk/airmen/Jefferies.htm
URL : https://www.armedconflicts.com/Jefferies-Latimer-Jerrard-t64646#599338Version : 0
MOD
Squadron Leader Jerrard "Venca Busy" Jefferies-Latimer

RAF Well. 39286

Jerrard Jefferies entered into the RAF in October 1936, on the basis of short-term staff time. The training he had at the 3. FTS in Grantham and in August 1937 was sent to the 17. squadron. The unit was at that time armed with dvouplošnými fighters Gauntlet Mk.II and was placed at the base of the Kenley. In June, 1939, has finally started to rearm on a new Hurricanes Mk.I and after the outbreak of war 9. September 1939 moved to Debdenu. Until the beginning of the German offensive in the west take defensive patrols over Britain, but then began to carry out offensive patrol over the continent. And when one of them Jefferies for the first time fought with the enemy.

11. may 1940 at 16:30 took off a dozen Hurricanů 17. squadron to patrol over the Netherlands, F/O Jefferies led the green swarm. The british patrolled between Haggem and Rotterdam and the swarm split. In the area there was a struggle with the Messerschmitt Bf 109 from I./JG 51, after which while the British claimed 3-2-0 victory came, however, four Hurricanes, two pilots were killed and one was captured.

A jefferies tube green swarm, however, is stodevítkami met the man, but stumbled on a pair of observation planes the Henschel Hs 126. Jefferies for the target chosen closer to the aircraft and a few doses of shot him down. After landing, reported:

"Under each other at a height of 2000 feet, I saw the aircraft and led his swarm around him, the Machine turned to the south, but when I picked him up, turned back to the north. Started střemhlavě fall to the ground and weaved from side to side. I fired three short bursts, the enemy plane crashed on the field and crumbled to pieces.“

Second Henschel claimed the Sgt. Wynn.

The germans after the battle they announced the five downed Hurricanů and lost two stodevítky and one pilot.

17. may 1940 was Jefferies translated to 85. squadron, which was part of the 60. wings AC and fought in France. On her Hurricanech immediately joined in the intense combat activities. Another victory notched for two days after their arrival.

Around 10:00 in the area of the airport Lille/Marcq, where she had 85. squadron, its base, appeared of the formation stodevítek from 2.(J)/LG 2 and the II./JG 26. At the airport he was instantly alert, for the two Lysandery 4. squadron, which I have been practicing take-off and landing, however it was late and both were shot down. Meanwhile, over the airport returned with the dawn patrol and the first to stodevítky attacked. The commander of the swarms of P/O Lew Lewis shot down two of the attackers, its the number of F/O Jefferies claimed one probable victory. After the fight engage other aircraft units and Hurricanes, affiliated squadrons 87. and 504. Fighters the RAF eventually in the loss of three fighters reported 8-6-0 victory.

The match is all haywire II./JG 26, which came about three Bf 109, even worse for her was, however, that only the fallen was Gruppennkommandeur Hpt. Herwig Knüppel. And if that wasn't enough hurt was also a Staffelkapitän of 4./JG 26 Hptm. Karl Ebbinghausen. The second German unit claimed six wins, but lost Oblt. Friedrich von Wngerova, who died in the ruins of their stodevítky. 1)


For Jefferies it was the last victory in France. 22. of may the squadron returned to the Uk to the airport to Debden.

After the fall of France, in Britain, gathered a large number of airmen from the countries of occupied Europe, who subsequently in the RAF created their own national squadrons. On 10. July 1940 was established and the first squadron composed of czechoslovak fighters. She was assigned a number 310. and was placed at the airport Duxford. The command posts of the units were double-o-fronts, the british-Czech. Commander became S/Ldr George Blackwood – S/Ldr Alexander Hess. To head the drugs And were the position of F/Lt Gordon Sinclair and F/Lt Jaroslav Little, a squadron of B led from the 85. squadron transferred and promoted F/Lt Jefferies and F/Lt František Rypl.

Alexander Hess Jefferies described as follows:

"a Unique fighter pilot, was the proverbial it, as he ensured that all the orders carried out directly to the race. Our boys therefore given the nickname of "Venca Busy", but that was just to see that you get their general sympathy, and that they liked him."

The staff of the unit immediately began intensive training, which were used by aeroplanes Avro Tutor, Miles Master and also pursuit Hurricanes Mk.I, which got the wing in the arsenal. Due to the fact that in most cases it was about the experienced pre-war pilots, went to training fairly quickly and the biggest problem was English. But even this problem was soon overcome, and 17. August 1940 the unit was declared operational.

For the first time the pilots of the squadron on the british sky with the Luftwaffe met 20. August. At 18:45 took off the alarm three-person swarm, which led F/Lt Jefferies. The numbers he did P/O Goeth and P/O Kredba. In Aldeburgu pilots stumbled on To 17, probably from 7./KG 2, who looked after the british convoy. The German bomber however, they disappeared in the clouds and so the trio returned empty-handed.

The first fight with the Germans so there was up to 26. August, when the pilots of the squadron competed with the formation of 17, which attacked the airport Debden and Hornchurch. After přistáni reported fighters, three wins, two Hurricanes, however, were destroyed and two others damaged.

The first victory at 310. squadron Jefferies ascribed to the last day of August of the year 1940. Třistadesítka again engaged the bombers, which were aimed at Hornchurch. The czechoslovaks on the enemy hit at about 13.20, it was on The 17 From from II./KG 3 protection of hazardous stodevítek, and immediately pounced on him. After přistáni reported 6-1-0 victory, Messerschmitt, however, was shot down and killed P/O Jaroslav Štěrbáček, who thus became the first fallen Čechoslovákem in the RAF.

Jefferies in this skirmish, he attacked the one of the bomber Dornierů, which then began with the engine in flames fall to earth, which confirmed P/O With. Zimprich, and Jefferies has been granted a sure kill.

His victims could be Of The do 17 z-2 (W.Nr.3456, 5K+EM) from the II./KG 3, which is with one of the wounded managed to return to their airport, to identify specific opponents in large battles, however, it is very difficult.

Another success Jefferies scored about three days later when a formation of 54 bombers, do 17 of KG 2 has successfully bombed the airfield of North Weald. In the way odlétajícímu opponent, however, stand even ten Hurricanů 310. the squadron, which he led for just Jefferies. The enemy stumbled around half-past ten, and immediately attacked. Stumbled, however, on the group the Messerschmitt Bf 110 of the entourage.

Jefferies you aim to chose one of stodesítek and accurately hit it. The German plane then headed perpendicular to the ground, with the young Englishman is still behind his tail, and about 15 miles north of North Weald rammed into the ground.

Even the other pilots of the squadron did well and reported 5-1-0 victory over the Bf 110 and 1-1-0 over To 17. Stodesítky sourced from the II./ZG 2, which in a duel with třistadesítkou came probably about three machines. The germans, however, managed to shot down a Hurricane Mk.Even P8811/NN-F, whose pilot, Sgt. Joseph Nettle was slightly burned in the face.

Another stodesítku damaged Jefferies 7. September 1940 over the Thames.

His most successful day was Jefferies 15. September 1940. Already in the morning to the Uk coming 25 To 17 From from And. and III./KG 76. Their target was London. Eleventh group sent against the invaders of all of your fighter squadron and asked the neighboring 12. group for help. At 11.25 so got the command to start five squadrons Baderova (Large) wings, 310. squadron was one of them. Fifty-six fighters, Hurricane and Spitfire was on course to Graversendu. After about half an hour flight ran north from London on the enemy and immediately attacked. Jefferies led into battle his squadron B. Himself chose the nearest bomber and the exact dose of him ignited the left engine. Then he attacked the other two Dorniery and reported that their crew abandoned the aircraft on parachutes. After landing claimed three victories in the cooperation and all he was granted. First, together with Sgt. Hubáček, the second with Sgt. Kauckým and the last with Sgt. Soil.

The first German aircraft to which Jefferies was attacked, was To 17 Of the (W.Nr.2361, F1+FH) from 1./KG 76. The aircraft piloted by Oblt. Robert Zehbe and within a few minutes became the target of about ten allied fighters. Coup de grace him, then he wanted to deal a Sgt. Raymond Holmes from the 504. squadron, a lapse in judgment, however, the speed of the attack and the crippled bomber rammed. Caused its final destruction, but he had to at the same time, his Hurricane to leave on a parachute. Dornier will then in the air disintegrated and its parts fell in the area of Victoria station, hastily discarded cougars then went to the vicinity of Buckingham palace. In the wreckage of the aircraft were killed Uffz. Hans Goshendorfer and Uffz. Gustav Hubel. On a parachute the e saved, and the captive fell Ogefr. Ludwig Armbrurster and Uffz. Leo Hammermeister. As the last aircraft left the wounded Zhebe, whose parachute got into Keningtonu. Here, however, became a victim of the lynching of the local workers and from death saved him when arrived soldiers. Zehbe but soon his injuries he succumbed to. The downing of this Dornieru is sometimes called the most famous victory of the Battle of Britain.

Other aircraft, not that Jefferies shot failed to identify, KG 76 however, in this battle came six To 17, four more were damaged, two beyond repair.

Roughly two hours later the Luftwaffe over London came back, this time with even greater force. This time the metropolis of the Kingdom was headed over 130 bombers, do 17 and He 111 with strong fighter protection. Even against these attackers were from Duxfordu sent Baderovo wing. The Germans hit 46 fighters to the east of London at about half past three in the afternoon. Třistadesítka again attacked the bombers and a Jefferies for a continuous fire through the entire formation. And he was a good shot, because he managed to burn the engine of one aircraft of the first swarm. This aircraft was recognized as destroyed.

A profit of 1+3 certain victory for Jefferies ended the day, which is today remembered as the "Battle of Britain Day".

Another success scored the 18. September. First, around a quarter to three in the afternoon reported over London likely to win over The 215. Greater success, however, scored once in the evening, when it was Baderovo wing sent again into the space of London. After about an hour of patrolling spotted the pilots above the other formation of German bombers, which were identified as The 215's or He 111. However, this was a Ju 88 from the III./KG 77. This unit was hit really hard, lost 9 machines. Třistadesítka score 6-1-0 victory, all three squadrons Hurricanů wings have claimed over 20, Jefferies contributed one bomber pilot, who after his attack crashed at the mouth of the Thames.

This battle was the last great match Baderova wings with the Germans. Although even after Jefferies interfering with the fighting of the Battle of Britain, no other victory taking the claim.

Another dramatic event so experienced to 5. November. Třistadesítka then took off at 10:30 on patrol in the area of Dover – Canterbury. After about an hour of it, however, from the sun fill in a bunch of Bf 109 from the Even. and III./JG 26 led by Hptm. Gerhard Schöpfel. Their strike was quick and overwhelming. Sgt. The soil must have your aircraft V6619 leave on a parachute, Sgt. Mlejnecký he turned his V7597/NN-D after a collision with a tanker in the Duxfordu, Sgt. Dvorak (P2795/NN-M) crashed at Fowlmere and Jefferies took the hit and had to hit the engine and the radiator of your hurricane each R4089/NN-R to land on the belly in Hornchurchu. Crash-landed and Sgt. Jiroudek, which hit its own anti-aircraft artillery. The germans fairly accurately reported 4 victory.

14. December 1940 got Jefferies, together with S/Ldr Blackwoodem and F/Lt Sinclair, Čs. war cross 1939 and in the last day of the year 1940 to take command of the 310. squadron. Sometimes in that time also got married and changed his name to Latimer.

Other honors received 16. January 1941, when he and And. Hess king George VI. granted DFC.

In march 1941 the squadron began to rearm Hurricanes Mk.IIA and Latimer it was successful the first time sedmadvacátého of the same month, when pilots of the unit were conducting protection of convoys in the North sea. During a patrol about 50 miles east to Great Yarmouth came across Latimer together with P/O Kimličkou on a reconnaissance Ju 88, which was about to attack the convoy. Fighters him this effort is thwarted and chased him into the clouds, where the crew of the Junkers haphazardly dumped their bombs into the sea. Followed by a short chase, during which the aircraft was hit several times and subsequently disappeared for good towards France. Pilots on their accounts attributed half of the damaged Ju 88.

Their last victory not only in the ranks of the 310. squadron, but as it turned out also the last ever, he scored in the night from 8. to 9. April 1941. That night sent the Luftwaffe almost three hundreds of their bombers against Coventry and Portsmouth. Against them took off 251 of the fighters of the RAF, who reported a total of 7-2-3 victory.

S/Ldr Latimer took off to patrol at 00:36 from the airport Fowlmere hurricane each Mk.IIA Z2693. He was led into the space of the city of Coventry, where at 1:00 hit on a bomber Ju 88, on which he attacked. The German pilot to make sharp maneuvers succeeded after some time, Hurricane shake the ground sounds, however, confirmed the raids and the aircraft was Latimer granted as probably destroyed. It was also the only night the success of the 310. squadron.

The last time Latimer on the German aircraft, however, shot up to 15. in may 1941, when he was together with the commander of the squadron B F/Lt Davies on patrol over a convoy near the Harwichu and ran into the aircraft, which was subsequently identified as The 17. As the first attacked Davies and set fire to aircraft the right engine, then attacked and Latimer, the aircraft however, was already in its death throes and fell into the sea. The victory was credited with just Davies, whose victims became Bf 110 E-1 (W.Nr.3972, S9+GH) from I./SKG 210. His crew perished.

S/Ldr Latimer in the forefront 310. squadron stayed till 8. July 1941, when he transferred to the airport Tangmere, where he took command of the emerging 1455. squadron. Squadron, so he left almost after a year of operation and is 5+3-3-1+1 victories became her most successful pilot and also the only an ace, which any čs. the wing had. 2)

His new unit was definitely interesting. Was equipped with light bombers Douglas Havoc, which were modified by the installation of the radar, but the barrel was in the bows of the installed lights Helmore/GEC Turbinlite. These planes should fly together with jednomotorovými fighters, which should in the night to search for targets and then is a lamp to enlighten. The tactic, however, was not very successful, and the headlights have proven to be dangerous more of their own fighters than enemy bombers. Latimer unit left in January, 1942 and passed so its extension to 534. squadron in September of the same year.

Followed finally a well-deserved rest, after which he was Latimer sent to 1660. (hard) conversion unit. It was established on 7. October 1942 by the merger of several conversion squadrons and dealt with the transition of pilots on the hard čtyřmotorové bombers. Latimer she learned to fly with the Lancaster, which he was to become fatal. After completion of the training, he was, probably in the spring of 1943, sent to 106. squadron that with this type of flying operationally, and which at that time was commanded by the legendary W/Cdr Guy Gibson. Here he became a squadron commander and began to slowly fly operationally.

On his last combat mission flown S/Ldr Latimer 15. April 1943 at 22:00 from the airport Syerston as a second pilot 3) bomber Lancaster Mk.III ED752/ZN-H. The other members of the crew were F/Lt Les C. J. Broderick, P/O J. And. Burns, RCAF, Lt. G. Muttrie, RNVR, Sgt. H. Buxton, Sgt. W. McLean, Sgt. H. Jones and Sgt. G. W. Hancock. Their target was Kiel, who successfully bombed. Then, however, decided that going back will be in a small height, to have escaped the attention of the night fighters. Over France, however, the Lancaster has become the target light anti-aircraft fire and was shot down. Of the eight men on board the bomber were rescued just a pilot Broderick, navigator Burns and Sgt. Jones, others lost their lives.

The body of S/Ldr Latimer was buried in the cemetery in the village of Sauvillers-Mongival, which is located about 22 miles southeast of Amiens.

For the sake of completeness just add that Les Broderick has participated in the Great escape from a pow camp Sagan, fortunately for him he was captured shortly after the escape and returned back to the camp and not among the 50 on Hitler's orders popravenými airmen.


Sources:
Rajlich, J.: In the sky proud Albion, 1. part, Ares, Prague 1999
Rajlich, J.: In the sky proud Albion, 2. part, World of wings, Cheb, 2000
Shores C.... Williams C....: Aces High, Grub Street , London, 1994
Shores C....: Aces High, volume 2, Grub Street , London, 1999
Cull B. – Lander B. – Weiss H.: Twelve days in May, Grub Street, London, 1999
Caldwell D.: The war diary of JG 26 1939-42, Silverbird, Plzen, 1999
Foreman J.:RAF Fighter Comand victory claims of WW2, Red Kite, Walton-on-Thames, 2003
Forman J.: Fighter Command War Diaries, volume 2, Air Research Pub., Walton-on-Thames, 1998
Voice G.: The Men of Burgges Hill 1939 a 1946, www.roll-of-honour.com
www.valka.cz


1) a Description of the fight according to british sources, Caldwell states that these losses suffered II./JG 26 until tonight round 20:00. At that time, however, claim victory ( 0-2-0 ) just 615. squadron, but in an unfamiliar place. For the 85. squadron it was, however, very successful day, because the claim total 14-2-1 victory and lost 3 aircraft and one pilot.
2) Otmar Kučera also reached at čs. squadrons 5-1-1 victory, part, however, u 312. and part of 313. squadron.
3) Other sources say he flew as an observer.
.
URL : https://www.armedconflicts.com/Jefferies-Latimer-Jerrard-t64646#230600Version : 0
MOD
J. Jefferies-Latimer - table victory

datumčasjednotkastrojprostoropponent
11.05.1940
17:00
17. squadron
Hurricane And N2403
Delft - the Hague
Hs 126 certainly
19.05.1940
10:30
85. squadron
Hurricane And
France
Bf 109 E probably
31.08.1940
13:00
310. squadron
Hurricane And R4089/NN-R
J Hornchurch
17 From certainly
03.09.1940
10:40
310. squadron
Hurricane And P3142/NN-M
15 km S of North Weald
Bf 110 certainly
07.09.1940
17:15
310. squadron
Hurricane And R4089/NN-R
the mouth of the Thames
Bf 110 damaged
15.09.1940
12:05
310. squadron
Hurricane And R4089/NN-R
London
1/2 17 From certainly
15.09.1940
12:05
310. squadron
Hurricane And R4089/NN-R
London
1/2 17 From certainly
15.09.1940
12:05
310. squadron
Hurricane And R4089/NN-R
London
1/2 17 From certainly
15.09.1940
14:40
310. squadron
Hurricane And R4089/NN-R
In London
17 From certainly
18.09.1940
14:15
310. squadron
Hurricane And
between London and the coast
215 probably
18.09.1940
17:15
310. squadron
Hurricane And R4089/NN-R
the mouth of the Thames
Ju 88 certainly
27.03.1941
08:25
310. squadron
Hurricane IIA Z2693
.the sea, 50 km In Grams.Yarmouth
1/2 Ju 88 damaged
09.04.1941
01:00
310. squadron
Hurricane IIA Z2693
In Coventry
Ju 88 probably

Total:5+3-3-1+1 victory.
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MOD
Diskuse

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Hello,
I am new to this forum and would like to know if anyone has any informationa about this Squadron Leader Jerrard "Venca Busy" Jefferies-Latimer (www.armedconflicts.com).
In the text of this post, it is quoted that he and Lt Davies shot down a Bf 110 E-1 (W.Nr.3972, S9+GH) from I./SKG 210 on April 15th., 1941.
My father's cousin was the radio operator on this airplane and I need more information about him and this airplane, only for genealogical research reasons.
Any comment will be wellcome.
I thank in advance for any information that could be provided for me.
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