Kivu conflict (Democratic Republic of the Congo) [2004-2009]
The conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ( DRC, formerly Zaire ) was, especially in its second phase, the largest conflict in the history of modern Africa and is sometimes referred to as Africa's " First World War ." DR Congo is a country extremely rich in minerals, but its population has not yet had the opportunity to prosper from this wealth, although mining has been going on for more than a hundred years. The aim of this study will be to find out what role minerals and other natural resources have played in the last two decades, and especially in the Second Congolese War and today. We will also look at the positions of the international community on this issue, as we believe that both the presence of many foreign mining companies and, subsequently, the UN peacekeeping missions have played an important role in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.