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M18 Hellcat

M18 Hellcat

76-mm Gun Motor Carriage M18

     
Název:
Name:
M18
Originální název:
Original Name:
76-mm Gun Motor Carriage M18
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.07.1943-DD.10.1944 Buick Motor Car Division of General Motors Corp., Detroit
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.07.1943-DD.10.1944
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
2507
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
DD.MM.1943 T70
Osádka:
Crew:
5
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Bojová hmotnost:
Combat Weight:
17690 kg
Celková délka:
Overall Length:
6655 mm
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
2870 mm
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
2565 mm
Světlá výška:
Ground Clearance:
363 mm
Pancéřování:
Armour:
Korba:
přední 13 mm / 64°, 53°, 38°, 24°
boky 13 mm / 23°, 0°
zadní 13 mm / 35°, 13°
horní 8 mm / 90°
dno 5 mm / 90°

Věž:
štít kanonu 19 mm / 0°-60°
přední 25 mm / 23°
boky 13 mm / 20°
zadní 13 mm / 9°
horní -
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Typ:
Type:
Continental R-975-C1 alebo Continental R-975-C4
- hvězdicový
- počet válců: 9
- benzínový
Výkon:
Power:
343 kW při 2400 ot/min
Převodové ústrojí:
Transmission:
900T Torqmatic
- počet převodových stupňů: 3+1
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Rychlost na silnici:
Road Speed:
80 km/h
Rychlost v terénu:
Cross-country Speed:
? km/h
Jízdní dosah po silnici:
Cruising Range on Road:
241 km
Jízdní dosah v terénu:
Cross-country Cruising Range:
161 km
Překonávání překážek:
Obstacles Crossing:
 
Svah:
Gradient:
27 °
Boční náklon:
Side Slope:
? °
Překročivost:
Trench Crossing:
1.86 m
Výstupnost:
Vertical Obstacle:
0.91 m
Brodivost:
Fording Depth:
1.22 m
Výzbroj:
Armament:
 
Hlavní:
Main:
76mm kanon M1A1, M1A1C nebo M1A2 ve věži M1, 45 nábojů
Vedlejší:
Secondary:
12,7mm kulomet M2HB, 800 nábojů
Uživatelské státy:
User States:





Poznámka:
Note:
také znám jako M18 GMC
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://afvdb.50megs.com/usa/m18hellcat.html
URL : https://www.valka.cz/M18-Hellcat-t6351#14754Version : 0
MOD
The plan for a fast tank destroyer dates from December 1941. The request included a Wright Continental R-975 engine and a 37mm cannon. During the development of prototypes, the caliber of the main cannon was gradually increased - to 57 mm, later to 75 mm and finally to the final 76 mm. In February 1943, after a series of test prototypes, the final specimen with the final appearance was finally introduced, and in July, serial production began.

The M18 was designed primarily as a tank destroyer - unlike the M10, whose design is based on the Sherman. He was therefore smaller with a low silhouette, half lighter and much faster, while having comparable armament. Inside, there was also more space for 5 crew members and for cannon ammunition and machine gun M2. The disadvantage of Hellcat was the open tower, so the crew was completely unprotected exposed to fire and bad weather. However, the positives prevailed.

The first combat deployment of the M18 came in the summer of 1944 in France and Italy. Because Hellcat had relatively weak armor ( 9-27 mm), its crews had to resort to the "hit and run" tactic, or quick and unexpected blows, after which they immediately retreated. However, the 76mm cannon provided sufficient capacity to pierce even the heaviest armored German tanks.

The destructive power of anti-tank battalions equipped with M18 was documented, for example, 630th Tank Destroyer Battalion - in July 1944 destroyed a battalion of 53 Panthers and Tigers and 15 self-propelled guns, losing 17 M18 machines.

Production continued until October 1944, with 2,500 pieces produced. After the war, the M18 was decommissioned after the abolition of anti-tank battalions at the US ARMY, but they were exported to several countries, such as Yugoslavia, where they served until the early 90s.

There was only one mass-produced variant of the M18 different from the original - referred to as the M39, which was de facto an M18 chassis without a turret serving as an armored personnel carrier.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/M18-Hellcat-t6351#157915Version : 0

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M18 Hellcat podporuje pěchotu 2. praporu 397. pěšího pluku, Wiesloch, Německo, 1. dubna 1945.
M18 Hellcat - (US Army)

(US Army)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/M18-Hellcat-t6351#127437Version : 0
Diskuse

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Vážení,
na flickr se dostaly dva snímky ze srbské části Bosny. Jedná se o místní improvizaci výměny pohonné jednotky.


Má někdo povědomí z kterého jihoslovanského vozidla byl motor převzat?


Zdroj
www.flickr.com
-
M18 Hellcat -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/M18-Hellcat-t6351#513959Version : 0
MOD

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Podľa masky môže ísť o niečo z typovej rady FAP 13 - sr.wikipedia.org
URL : https://www.valka.cz/M18-Hellcat-t6351#681075Version : 0
MOD

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Příteli,
díky za info, které pomohlo nalézt pár dalších odkazů.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/M18-Hellcat-t6351#681119Version : 0
MOD