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Mesopotamia was the cradle of civilization. The first Sumerian population appeared in Mesopotamia at the turn of the 4th and 3rd millennium BC. In ancient times it was divided into northern Assyria and southern Babylonia. The upper part of Babylon was called Akkad and the lower Sumer. In 539 BC, the Persians of the Achaimen dynasty entered Babylon and Alexander the Great in 331 BC, after whom Babylon became part of the Seleucid Empire. Around 150 BC, the Parthians seized Mesopotamia, and Persians again in the 2nd century AD. In 637, Muslim Arabs took over the governments of Mesopotamia.


The Babylonian Empire

Over the course of three millennia, several dominant state units have changed in Mesopotamia. One of them was the Babylonian Empire. Like other government departments, the state has experienced periods of success and growth, but also periods of decline. I divide the history of the Babylonian Empire into the periods of the Old Babylonian, Middle Babylonian and New Babylonian empires.




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