Throughout the historical development of human society, cities have played important roles. Usually, in the past, cities used to be characterized as centers of crafts and production. They played a very important role, especially in the economic sphere. Economic importance increased even more in modern society as cities became centers of industry. Equally important were their roles as social or political centers of individual territories. Cities were also of great importance in connection with military issues.
In modern times, the interdependence of cities and the army has developed. Cities were of strategic importance to the army not only in the area of unit accommodation, but also in the area of logistics and other areas. The importance of the interconnectedness of cities and the army is explained in the second part of the article Garrison Cities in the Monarchy. At the end of the article, the Corps areas IX.-XVI are presented.
The introduction of general military duty, and the related need for accommodation and training of the mass army, had the largest share in the construction of barracks in the 19th century. In the last decades of the 19th century, there was a sharp increase in the construction of new type barracks, which to a much greater extent met modern requirements.