Micubiši 2MR (C1M)

Mitsubishi 2MR (C1M) - přehled verzí
Mitsubishi 2MR / C1M Type 10

一〇式舰上侦察机 / - / Maritime reconnaissance aircraft type 10

Mitsubishi 2MR1 / C1M1
the first version with a massive radiator of the automotive type

Mitsubishi 2MR2 / C1M2
radiator type Lamblin make it possible to improve the aerodynamics of the aeroplane

Mitsubishi 2MR3
in this version experimented with the locations of the chillers Lamlin

Mitsubishi 2MR4 / C1M4
this version was mass-produced, the wing received a different end arches and two open cabins close to was maybe better communication of the crew.

follow-on training aircraft, a modified 2MR1

follow-on trainer with improved tail surfaces

follow-on training aircraft, a modified 2MR2

follow-on trainer with improved tail surfaces

follow-on training aircraft, the radiator type Lamblin moved under the wing of the

the final form of the training aircraft, equipment for night flying.

civil adjustment for pilot training conversion type 10-1.

civil arrangements for training pilots converting to the type 10-2.

Mitsubishi R-4
civilian conversion of 2MR4 for mapping, closed cab, presented two planes.

for the japanese army air force was built reconnaissance biplane, the parent factory used elements of the aircraft 2MR and B2M

misleading designation of an army exploratory high wing aircraft. This aircraft had nothing to do with a number of maritime 2MR / C1M

Manufacturer: Mitsubishi Nainenki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha, Nagoya

Produced: 1922 - first flight, 1930 - the end of the production

A total of were produced 159 aircraft.

Tadeusz Januszewski and Kryzysztof Zalewski, Japońskie samoloty marynarski 1912-1945, volume 1., Lampart, year 2000, ISBN: 83-86776-50-1
Robert C. Mikesh and Shorzoe Abe, Japanese Aircraft 1910-1941, Naval Institute Press Annapolis, Maryland 21402, 1990, ISBN: 1-155750-563-2
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Mitsubishi 2MR / C1M


On the basis of the requirements of the japanese naval aviation occurred at the very beginning of the twenties of the last century to the first larger development of the cabin of the aircraft all categories. The japanese empire at that time reported to operation of the aircraft carrier Hóšó and placing into service ahead of a full thirteen months even Great Britain with its aircraft carrier HMS Hermes. The japanese navy for this his unit demanded the aircraft of all categories, best custom design, it would not be dependent on the supply of aircraft from other countries. Kaigun Koku Hombu therefore turned to the factory Mitsubishi Nainenki Seizo Kabušiki Kaiša, which was commissioned by the requirements for the development of on-board aircraft. Navy these steps took place in 1920, thus well in advance of two years before the completion of their aircraft carriers Hóšó.

Must say that for the japanese engineers, who were just starting with their first own designs, he was such a range of design work too much. The japanese, however, were extremely lucky, when in February 1921 accepted a work invitation to Japan to former chief designer, is defunct british factory, Sopwith Aviation Company, Herbert Smith, whom in addition was accompanied by seven closest aides, including a very experienced pilot of the british naval aviation William Jordan. Herbert Smith is in the factory Mitsubishi set to work as soon as the work on-board a fighter jet Mitsubishi 1MF, the fighter was soon followed by a reconnaissance plane 2MR1, which we will pay.

12. January 1922 took off the first japanese reconnaissance aircraft of its own production. The aircraft partially resembled the on-board fighters, but had slightly larger dimensions, because he was a two-seater. The archaic appearance of this machine was given mainly using the honeycomb radiator of the automotive type radiator was mounted so as for the car - before the ordinary engine of Hispano Suiza 8. Already a prototype has shown, that it will be a good aircraft and it is also confirmed, during their ten-year service successfully performed the tasks that were being made of him and was produced in many versions.

The second version of the marked 2MR2 were deprived of the massive windshield fluid cooler, this was replaced by the then modern radiator type Lamblin positioned between podvozkovými struts, this modification managed to reduce air resistance. Another version had a total of immaterial changes on the wings (the number of the ribs and cover), and e.g. for version 2MR3 Type 10-3 shifted the radiator Lamblin more forward. Version 2MR4 was the last version in production, the improvements touched the ends of the wings, which were rounded, the pilot seat is closer to the seat of the observer, this will simplify the communication, the last visible change was moving the radiator Lamblin down under the wing.
After the aircraft has fulfilled its role as on-board reconnaissance machine, and here it must be said that it has fulfilled with honor (when deployed in the fighting in China already really wasting your breath). That's when he started to move towards the fulfilment of training tasks, there was used under the designation 2MRT1, 2MRT2, 2MRT2A, 2MRT3 and 2MRT3A. In the air schools was used until the onset of training aircraft Yokosuka K5Y type 93.

In naval aviation was in the early thirties introduced a new marking system and the aircraft version of the 2MR1 was converted to C1M1, version 2MR2 changed on C1M2, of 2MR4 then becomes C1M4.

Several machines were used in civil aviation, there is the designation changed to G-2.2 or G-4. In 1930 sold the navy to the civil sector of the greater amount of (nowhere is indicated the exact number) of these demilitarizovaných aircraft, here served as the freight, postage and for the transport of VIP.

Robert C. Mikesh and Shorzoe Abe, Japanese Aircraft 1910-1941, Naval Institute Press Annapolis, Maryland 21402, 1990, ISBN: 1-155750-563-2
author archive
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