Boko Haram is a Nigerian terrorist organization that ranks among one of the most destructive terrorist organizations of all time. The insurgents pose a great threat to Africa's most populous country and its neighbors. This group performs acts of religious terrorism, but also by certain acts it belongs to the guerrilla group. It has organized combat tactics, which, however, began to change over time in 2015. Boko Haram, like the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, is trying to create a caliphate in northern Nigeria that will be governed primarily by Sharia law.
The year 1991 marked a big change for the field of security studies. Along with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, scientists' fears about losing their object of research began to emerge. However, as it soon became clear, the loosening of the bipolar order did not bring peace, but initiated a new wave of smaller national conflicts, which the conditions of the East's ideological war with the West had not previously allowed to erupt in full force. Many of these disputes were armed, taking the form of a low-intensity conflict or even a civil war. In the vast majority of cases, then, in such conflicts or wars, natural wealth played a role.