Holder of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and Oak Leaves, the ninth most successful German submarine commander with 164,952 GRT
Heinz Pannwitz's Criminal Councilor is known to those interested in history primarily as the head of the Special Commission of Inquiry after the assassination of Heydrich. Less well known is his work in France, where as head of a special commission he tried to expose the activities of the Soviet spy network - the Red Band. As a forensic scientist, Pannwitz preferred psychological coercion to brutal Gestapo methods. During his work in the Protectorate and in France, he tried to misuse the arrested resistance fighters for intelligence games with London and later with Moscow. There is uncertainty about his alleged cooperation with Soviet military intelligence - GRU.