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Název:
Name:
PZL.37B Łoś
Originální název:
Original Name:
PZL.37B Łoś
Kategorie:
Category:
bombardovací letoun
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.1938-DD.09.1939 Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze - Wytwórnia Płatowców Nr 1, Okęcie /
DD.MM.1939-DD.09.1939 Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze - Wytwórnia Płatowców Nr 2, Mielec /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1938-DD.09.1939
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
68:
50 (1. výrobní série / 1st production batch)
evidenční vojenská čísla / military serial numbers:
72.100-72.149
18 (2. výrobní série / 2nd production batch) 1)
evidenční vojenská čísla / military serial numbers:
72.170-72.??? 2)
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
DD.08.1938
Osádka:
Crew:
4
pilot, radiooperátor, 2 palubní střelci
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
 
Vzlet a přistání:
Take-off and Landing:
CTOL - konvenční vzlet a přistání
Uspořádání křídla:
Arrangement of Wing:
jednoplošník
Uspořádání letounu:
Aircraft Concept:
klasické
Podvozek:
Undercarriage:
zatahovací
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Hmotnost prázdného letounu:
Empty Weight:
4280 kg
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
4935 kg
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
9120 kg
Rozpětí:
Wingspan:
17,93 m
Délka:
Length:
12,92 m
Výška:
Height:
5,10 m
Plocha křídla:
Wing Area:
53,51 m2
Plošné zatížení:
Wing Loading:
160,0 kg/m2
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Kategorie:
Category:
pístový
Počet motorů:
Number of Engines:
2
Typ:
Type:
Bristol PZL Pegasus XXA nebo Bristol PZL Pegasus XXB nebo Bristol PZL Pegasus XIX o výkonu 619-676 kW
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
hlavní nádrž v trupu - 532 l
2 nádrže v křídlech po 238 l
2 odhazovací nádrže po 119 l
Možnost přidání dvou nádrží po 369 l do bombové komory.
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
412 km/h v 2800 m
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
360 km/h v ? m
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
3,67 m/s
Čas výstupu na výšku:
Time to Climb to:
21 min do 4500 m
Operační dostup:
Service Ceiling:
6000 m
Dolet:
Range:
1500 km
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
2600 km
Výzbroj:
Armament:
3x PWU wz. 37 "Szczeniak" ráže 7,92 mm se zásobou 1632 nábojů.

Bomby:
2 x 300 kg PuW + 18x100 kg Ż-31 nebo PuW
20 x 100 kg PuW nebo Ż-31
20 x 50 kg T-32 nebo wz. 29 nebo PuW
20 kontejnérů po 240 zápalných pum T-34 (celkem 1056 kg)
Uživatelské státy:
User States:

Poznámka:
Note:
1) U druhé výrobní série byly zavedeny některé úpravy. Do zadní části trupu byly z obou stran dodány okénka nad spodním střeleckým stanovištěm, byla zjednodušena výfuková roura a byl zaměněn levý motor s pravým, čímž došlo k přemístění výfukové roury blíž k trupu a ke značnému snížení viditelnosti výfukových plamenů ze země při nočním letu.
2) Vojenská evidenční čísla této výrobní série byla z důvodu utajení množství přidělována nepravidelně. Známá čísla této série:
72.170, 72.174-72.176, 72.182, 72.183, 72.185, 72.193, 72.198, 72.200, 72.210, 72.215, 72.220, 72.225, 72.240, 72.250-72.252
Zdroje:
Sources:
Cynk, Jerzy B.: Siły lotnicze Polski i Niemiec Wrzesień 1939, WKŁ, Warszawa 1989
Cynk, Jerzy B.: Samolot bombowy PZL P-37 Łoś, WKŁ, Warszawa 1990
Bernád, Denes, Braniewski, Bogdan, Cynk, Jerzy B., Glass Andrzej, Kopański, Tomasz J.: PZL P.37 Łoś, Gdańsk 2006
Morgała, Andrzej: Polskie samoloty wojskowe 1918-1939, MON, Warszawa 1972
URL : https://www.valka.cz/PZL-37B-Los-t1031#375568Version : 0
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Łoś byl vyprojektován týmem v čele s Jerzym Dbrowským v roce 1934. P.37 byl ve své době špičkový bombardovací letoun a ve světě vyvolal mimořádný zájem. Velitelé armády ho však nechtěli. Přesto se bombardovací brigádě podařilo vytvořit čtyři perutě, 211., 212., 216. a 217. Každá měla devět letadel a vojáci měli zajištený kompletní výcvik. Tyto perutě byly schopny během několika dnů zasáhnout efektivně do bojů. Nakonec bylo u útvarů 100 Łośů. 12 jich bylo zničeno a asi čtyřicítce se podařilo uletět do Rumunska. Rumuni je použili proti SSSR.

Gunston, Bill - Bojová letadla druhé světové války, Václav Svojtka a Co., 1998 ISBN 80-7237-203-3
URL : https://www.valka.cz/PZL-37B-Los-t1031#205113Version : 0

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.
PZL.37B Łoś -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/PZL-37B-Los-t1031#388885Version : 0
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PZL.37B Łoś z výzbroje Grupul 4 Bombardament Královského rumunského letectva, červen 1941.
PZL.37B Łoś -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/PZL-37B-Los-t1031#388889Version : 0
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PZL P.37 Łoś B
Military registration number Date of manufacture Military department Departmental designation Note
1. production series .
72.100 DD.MM.1938 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white "J" To 09.09.1939 2x emergency landing - 09.09.1939 eliminated from the action.
72.101 DD.MM.1938 Bomber squadron 221/16. bomber. squadron ? To 16. the squadron included as a substitute. 17.09.1939 the evacuation to Romania.
72.102 DD.MM.1938 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white "" 03.09.1939 an emergency landing with a damaged engine. 05.09.1939 return to the squadron. 15.09.1939 accidentally shot down near the village Perespa Polish air defence.
72.103 DD.MM.1938 ? ? ?
72.104 DD.MM.1938 Bomber squadron 217 ? 05.06.1939 destroyed in the accident.
72.105 DD.MM.1938 ? ? ?
72.106 DD.MM.1938 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white "L" 03.09.1939 emergency landing at the airport Okęcie with damaged flaps. 12.09.1939 - damaged at the start of the field airport. Evacuated to Romania.
72.107 DD.MM.1938 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron /16. bomber squadron ? To 16. bombing squadron included as a substitute. 17.09.1939 the evacuation to Romania.
72.108 DD.MM.1938 ? ? 04.1939 - operational tests in a flight of serial machines in a Separate experimental squadron.
72.109 DD.MM.1938 ? ? ?
72.110 DD.MM.1938 ? ? ?
72.111 DD.MM.1938 Bomber squadron 212/12. bomber squadron ? 04.04.1939 shot down above the village Wyzgiełzów Uffz. Hans Katzmannem from 1./ZG 2.
72.112 DD.MM.1939 ? ? In the ambush, probably evacuated to Romania (according to the Morgały).
72.113 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.114 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white "M" 15.06.1939 engine failure in flight and an emergency landing. 07.09.1939 due to a malfunction of flaps destroyed during emergency landing at the airport Popielewo.
72.115 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white "N" 05.09.1939 destroyed in an accident at the airport of Stara Wieś.
72.116 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 216/16. bomber squadron white "C" ?
72.117 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 216/16. bomber squadron white "D" 17.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.118 DD.MM.1939 Line squadron 11/Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron /17. bomber squadron white "5" 06.09.1939 included to 17. bomber squadron as a replacement. 18.09.1939 evacuated to Romania. In the frames of the acceptance of in Romania, marked by the Serial squadron 11, which was in march 1939 disbanded.
72.119 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron /17. bomber squadron ? 12.09.1939 included to 17. bomber squadron as a replacement. 18.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.120 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron /17. bomber squadron ? 12.09.1939 included to 17. bomber squadron as a replacement. 18.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.121 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.122 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.123 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.124 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron ? ? DD.MM.1939 transferred to the air force base Małaszewicze. 17.09.1939 landed by mistake on the soviets occupied the territory. The machine was exhibited in Kiev as a war trophy
72.125 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron ? white "10" DD.MM.1939 transferred to the air force base Małaszewicze. 17.09.1939 landed by mistake on the soviets occupied the territory. The machine was exhibited in Kiev as a war trophy.
72.126 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.127 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.128 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.129 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.130 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.131 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.132 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.133 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.134 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.135 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white "" 04.09.1939 an emergency landing near the village of Wołynka for the malfunction of the engine - to the airmen never returned.
72.136 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron /16. bomber squadron ? To 16. bombing squadron included as a substitute. 17.09.1939 the evacuation to Romania.
72.137 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron ? ? At the air base Małaszewicze. 02.09.1939 flew to Piňsku. 17.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.138 DD.MM.1939 ? ? DD.09.1939 in a completely ruined condition captured by the forces of the soviet 8. rifle corps at the airport Stare Brody.
72.139 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.140 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.141 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.142 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 216/16. bomber squadron white "E" 25.07.1939 conducted a practice bombing airports. 17.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.143 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.144 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.145 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.146 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.147 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.148 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.149 DD.MM.1939 ? ? DD.MM.1939 in the Technical thoroughness of the switchboard II when aircraft factory PZL in Warsaw.
72.160 ? ? ? ? DD.09.1939 in neletovém state captured by the forces of the soviet 8. rifle corps at the airport Stare Brody. Damage and bullet holes. Identification of the registration number according to soviet sources.
2. production series .
72.170 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron /16. bomber squadron ? To 16. bombing squadron included as a substitute. 17.09.1939 the evacuation to Romania.
72.171 ? ? ? ?
72.172 ? ? ? ?
72.173 ? ? ? ?
72.174 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white "P" 16.09.1939 destroyed while landing at the airport of Buczacz. 17.09.1939 before the evacuation burned.
72.175 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 221 white "3" under wing identification character 803-N. DD.MM.1939 in the Technical thoroughness of the switchboard II when aircraft factory PZL in Warsaw. 19.06.1939 destroyed in an accident near the village of Zegrze.
72.176 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 212/12. bomber squadron ? DD.09.1939 transferred to PZL in Warsaw to repair the battle damage. DD.09.1939 captured by the Germans.
72.177 ? ? ? DD.MM.1939 - In the factory PZL adjustment motor installation for adapting the installation of another engine.
72.178 ? ? ? ?
72.179 ? ? ? ?
72.180 ? ? ? ?
72.181 ? ? ? DD.MM.1939 - In the factory PZL adjustment motor installation for adapting the installation of another engine. DD.09.1939 in neletovém state captured by the forces of the soviet 8. rifle corps at the airport Stare Brody. Damage and bullet holes.
72.182 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white ' R ' 04.09.1939 shot down by air defence of the German 1. panzer division near the village of Kodrąb.
72.183 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 216/16. bomber squadron white "F" 22.07.1939 conducted a practice bombing airports. 14.09.1939 an emergency landing near the village of Mukoszyna for lack of fuel. Machine abandoned and left in place.
72.184 ? ? ? ?
72.185 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 216/16. bomber squadron white "G" 28.07.1939 by practicing the bombing of the railway station and airport connected to the air fight.
72.186 ? ? ? ?
72.187 ? ? ? ?
72.188 ? ? ? ?
72.189 ? ? ? ?
72.190 ? ? ? ?
72.191 ? ? ? ?
72.192 ? ? ? ?
72.193 DD.07.1939 Bomber squadron 216/16. bomber squadron white "H" the First PZL.37B assembled in the factory PZL WP-2 in Mielci. Fly and removed 04.-05.07.1939. 17.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.194 ? ? ? ?
72.195 ? ? ? ?
72.196 ? ? ? ?
72.197 ? ? ? ?
72.198 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron ? ? 01.09.1939 at the air base Małaszewicze. 02.09.1939 flew to Piňsku. 17.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.199 ? ? ? ?
72.200 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron ? ? 01.09.1939 at the air base Małaszewicze. 02.09.1939 fly to Lutsk. 17.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.205 ? ? ? ?
72.210 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 217/17. bomber squadron white "" 18.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.215 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron ? ? DD.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.217? DD.MM.1939 ? ? DD.09.1939 in neletovém state captured by the forces of the soviet 8. rifle corps at the airport Stare Brody. The damage to the fuselage and wings. Identification of the registration number according to soviet sources.
72.220 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron ? ? ?
72.225 DD.MM.1939 Line squadron of 12/Bomber squadron 220/XX. bomber squadron /17. bomber squadron white "3" DD.09.1939 destroyed at the air base Małaszewicze. The wreck of the machines played a role in the German propagandistickém the movie "gun mounted in the Lützow". Marked by the Serial squadron 12, which was in march 1939 disbanded.
72.230 ? ? ? ?
72.235 ? ? ? ?
for 72.240 DD.MM.1939 Factory PZL/XX. bomber squadron (?) ? 05.09.1939 evacuation from the warsaw airport Okęcie in Lviv. DD.09.1939 taken over the XX bomber squadrons (?). 17.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.245 DD.MM.1939 ? ? ?
72.250 DD.MM.1939 Bomber squadron 216/16. bomber squadron white "" 14.06.1939 practice bombing cement bombs. 08.08.1939 conducted a practice bombing bridges. 17.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.251 DD.MM.1939 ? ? 18.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.252 DD.MM.1939 ? ? 18.09.1939 evacuated to Romania.
72.253 ? ? ? ?


Sources: Morgała, Andrzej: Polskie samoloty wojskowe 1918-1939, MON, Warszawa 1972
Morgała, Andrzej: Samoloty wojskowe w I 1924-1939, Belona, Warszawa 2003
Bernád, Denes, Braniewski, Bogdan, Cynk, Jerzy B., Glass Andrzej, Kopański, Tomasz J.: PZL.37 Łoś, Gdańsk 2006
Emmerling, Marius: Luftwaffe nad Polską Cz. Even Jagdflieger, Armageddon, Gdynia 2002
.
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