Our budget for 2023 : 120.000,- CZK Income till 11.07.2023 : 93.998,- CZK
♡ Donate

Pavel J. Kuthan

Pavel Jaroslav Kuthan

Date of registration :
Last time active :

Posts count : 371
Fact posts : 219
Find all posts of user

Personal photogallery


  • 1st Independent Assault Battalion

    general information

  • Alexander Bridge 1918

    After the outbreak of fierce fighting between units of the legionary Czechoslovak Army Corps and the Soviet government in Russia in May 1918, after the so-called Chelyabinsk incident and insidious raids by Czechoslovak trains by Bolshevik units without a previous declaration of hostility, the corps' situation was all the more complicated because its troops fought the enemy's superiority in several isolated groups, far from each other along the Trans-Siberian highway ...

  • Army General Josef Šnejdárek

    Legionnaire, commander, military inspector, army general, man, hero.

  • Arras 1915

    Heroic battle of the company Nazdar at Arras during World War I.

  • Bachmač 1918

    Fighting Czechoslovak legionnaires around Bachmač.

  • Bezenčuk 1918

    It loosely follows the article Alexander Bridge 1918, Lipjagy 1918 and partially precedes the article Samara 1918.

  • Czechoslovaks in the battles of World War II in Asia - paper

    There is an old saying that the Czechs fought on almost every battlefield in the world. Perhaps this article will also help to strengthen the truth of these words.

  • Chelyabinsk incident 1918

    "After the withdrawal of the Czechoslovak Army Corps from Ukraine, after the famous fighting near Bachmač in March 1918, there were difficult negotiations with the Soviet government to move the corps across Russia to the port of Vladivostok, from where the corps was to transport the corps to France on the Western Front. officially part of the Czechoslovak army in France) to continue the fight against Germany and Austria-Hungary, but the Soviet government tried to detain the Czechoslovaks and use their combat potential. enmity between the Soviet government and the Czechoslovak Army Corps. These events became the beginning of the most famous part of the history of the Czechoslovak army of Russia - the Siberian anabasis ... "

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - I.

    About the famous Czechoslovak volunteers in the so-called Czechoslovak legions much has already been written, especially during the so-called First Republic. Members of Czechoslovak legions were then celebrated by law as national heroes. The Czechoslovak legionaries from Russia had the largest representation among them. And since they were as volunteers in the Russian Tsarist Army, they were taken for a very combat-ready military body in this army ...

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - II.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company (1914-1916) ", part two.

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - III.

    Continuation of the work " Česká company (1914-1916) ", part three.

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - IV.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company(1914-1916) ", part fourth

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - IX.

    Continuation of the work " Czechcompany(1914-1916) ", part nineth

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - V.

    Continuation of the work " Česká company (1914-1916) ", part five.

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - VI.

    Continuation of the work " Česká company (1914-1916) ", part six.

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - VII.

    Continuation of the work " Česká company (1914-1916) ", part seven.

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - VIII.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company (1914-1916) ", part eight.

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - X.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company(1914-1916) ", part tenth

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - XI.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company (1914-1916) ", part eleven.

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - XII.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company (1914-1916) ", part twelfth.

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - XIII.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company(1914-1916) ", part thirteenth

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - XIV.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company (1914-1916) ", part fourteenth, penultimate

  • Czech company (1914-1916) - XV.

    Continuation of the work " Czech company (1914-1916) ", part fifteenth, last

  • Czech lion against the Japanese in Asia

    A little known fact is that in the wake of the axis Berlin–Rome–Tokyo during the Second World War the Czechoslovaks raised weapons against the Japanese

  • Divisional General Stanislav Cecek

    The first Czech commander of Czechoslovak company and regiment during the First World War, one of the supreme commanders of our legionaries in Russia and a top official of the newly formed Czechoslovak Army, a man who became a legend during his lifetime.

  • Doss Alto 1918

    During the World War I, after the entry of Italy into the war in 1915, there were hard battles on the Italian battlefield. Among the captured members of the Austro-Hungarian Czech army was a significant percentage of Czechs and Slovaks.

  • gen. Hynek Gibiš

    Biography of a member of the Czechoslovak legions in Russia.

  • gen. Rudolf Medek

    In March 1931 he was promoted to general. He then became the most important figure in legionnaire literature. He largely deserved recognition of the merits and traditions of Czechoslovak legionářů at ...

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 1 (historical background)

    Traditions of voluntariness and defense

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 2

    Establishment of Active Reserve (development in 1999-2003)

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 3

    Establishment of regional companies of Active Reserves (development in 2004)

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 4

    Development of Active Reserves in 2005 - 2006

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 5

    Establishment of other Active Reserves units in combat units (development in 2007-2008)

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 6

    Limitation of training and development (development in 2009 - 2011)

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 7

    Like a phoenix from the ashes…? (development in 2011-2012)

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 8

    What kind of reservist … (development in 2013-2014)

  • History and development of the Active Reserve of the Army of the Czech Republic - 9

    Finally part of the Czech Army (development in 2015-2016)

  • Internet Memorial of Czechoslovakia Legions - "Honorary Remembrance"

    Press Release

  • Kazan 1918 - Part 1

    Conquest of Kazan (Part 1)

  • Kazan 1918 - Part 2

    The Tragedy of Kazan's Defense (Part 2)

  • Kazan 1918 - Part 3

    The End of Hope (Part 3)

  • Kljukvená 1918

    Soon after the famous battle of Czechoslovak legionaries at Zborov was established within the new 2nd Division of the Czechoslovak army in Russia the 1st Independent Strike Battalion. First in the form of separate strike companies at the end of 1917, as an elite part of the Czechoslovak army. These companies were soon merged to form a separate battalion, which was directly under the command of the division. He had four infantry companies, one machine gun company, a pioneer mortar platoon and logistics. The emblem of the strike battalion, later very famous, was a mortal skull with crossbones on a red background.

  • Captain in memoriam Antonín HALBICH

    He was highly valued by others for his bravery and tactical balance. According to other members of the company, he was very hardworking, and in addition to his extraordinary talent in strategy, he constantly tried to improve the training of other strikers. He compiled for the members of the strike battalion a manual on hand grenades of all known types with drawings. He translated the operating instructions for American machine guns from English. He was also recognized for his armaments skills, where he often taught other strikers to control captured weapons.

  • Kiev 1918

    After the famous battle of Zborov in July 1917 and the subsequent July battles of the so-called Tarnopol retreat, which is also the name of Czechoslovakia. made the soldier famous, the Czechoslovak Rifle Brigade had significant losses. After constant fighting, in which she proved herself fully, she was moved to the area of Volyn, where a strong Czech community lived, to rest and replenish her numbers...

  • Lipjagy 1918

    Fighting Czechoslovak legionaries of the 4th Rifle Regiment with the superiority of Soviet troops at Lipjag in June 1918.

  • Map of an overview of the main battles of the Czechoslovak legions in the years 1914-1920 abroad

    Map overview of the main fighting of Czechoslovak legions in 1914-1920 abroad

  • Nižněudinsk 1918

    Fighting Czechoslovak legionaries of the so-called Gajda group near Nizhnyudinsk in June 1918.

  • Nizhny Tagil 1918 - part 1.

    Heavy fighting of Czechoslovak legionaries at Nizhny Tagil in the Urals with the Bolsheviks in 1918

  • Nizhny Tagil 1918 - part 2.

    Heavy fighting of Czechoslovak legionaries at Nizhny Tagil in the Urals with the Bolsheviks in 1918

  • From the Chelyabinsk Incident to the War with the Soviet Government (1918)

    The so-called Chelyabinsk incident in the spring of 1918, which was the result of a series of provocations by the Soviet government in a tense situation, was followed by insidious raids by previously deliberately divided Czechoslovak trains without declaring hostilities in Marianovka, Irkutsk and Zlatoust by Soviet troops. This led to open hostility between the Czechoslovak Army Corps in Russia and the Soviet government, followed by the famous Siberian anabasis of Czechoslovak legionnaires in Russia.

  • Penza 1918

    After the incident in May in Chelyabinsk and the raids on the Czechoslovak parts without a previous declaration of hostilities in Marianovka, Zlatoust and Irkutsk, the intentions of the Soviet government were already clear to the Czechoslovaks. It was clear that heavy fighting would come as part of the corps' defense and its intended route to the French battlefield, because the Soviet government would not release the Czechoslovak Army Corps from its controlled territory. The Soviet government wanted a well-armed, disciplined, and experienced army corps either to win over its promises or threats to fight its enemies, or to intern it and give it to Austria-Hungary as a possible "gift." Therefore, the Czechoslovaks no longer believed the false promises of the Bolsheviks after recent experiences. The Soviet government manifested itself against the Czechoslovak raid on Czechoslovak trains after previous delays and threats. clearly open hostility to the army corps. There was subsequently an open war between Czechoslovak army corps and the Soviet government.

  • Lieutenant Colonel Arnost Steiner

    "Immortal and Invulnerable"

  • Lieutenant Colonel Josef Mašín

    May 13, 1941 - In the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, the Gestapo attacked an apartment in which the remaining 2 members of the THREE KINGS were hiding, with radio operator Peltán. Lieutenant Colonel Mašín opposed them and Staff Captain Morávek and Peltán fled. Mašín was shot and captured. He was then transferred to the Pankrác Prison in Prague. Here he was imprisoned for 13 months, during which he was inhumanely beaten and tortured. He unsuccessfully attempted suicide 3 times, but remained unbroken. Morávek twice tried to free him from prison and once he asked the government in exile in England to do so. Always unsuccessful.

  • Lieutenant Jan Gayer

    Arrived June 4, 1918 and took part in the famous Battle of Lipjag. Here, as the interim commander of the 4th Czechoslovak Rifle Regiment, he personally led the entire regiment in the rain of bullets and around exploding grenades and shrapnel, and with his example he dragged everyone else into an enthusiastic attack. He led and organized the entire event of the 4th Regiment in this battle. The final bayonet attack was led by Lt. Gayer personally at the head of his regiment.

  • Oath of the Czechoslovak legionary - Russia


  • The oath of Czechoslovakia Legionnaires - France

    1914 and 1918 texts of the oath of Czechoslovak legionaries in France during WWI

  • The oath of Czechoslovakia Legionnaires - Italy 1918


  • Russian golden treasure and czechoslovak legionnaires

    In recent years, the media from time to time there are reports on the issue of the Russian golden treasure, which are either a direct accusation or suggest that perhaps part of it in the years 1918-1920 should have stolen Czechoslovakia. legionnaires. Most of these various "articles" and reports come from people who dealt with the topic in the vision of the "discovery of sensation" only very superficially, without trying to study even the most basic materials on the topic.

  • Samara 1918

    Conquest of Samara by Czechoslovak legionaries of the Pension Group in Russia in June 1918.

  • The seven-day war with Poland (1919)

    Shortly after the founding of Czechoslovakia in October 1918, a dispute arose over the Těšín region with neighboring Poland. Although the borders of the young republic were internationally recognized by the states of the Agreement and it was a Czech historical territory, Poland did not intend to accept it and after the disintegration of Austria-Hungary occupied this territory militarily. At the same time, the coal wealth of this area and the need to secure coal for Czechoslovakia also played a significant role.

  • List of parachute actions of the western Czechoslovak resistance during World War II


  • List of combat units of the Czechoslovak legions

    Status at the end of 1919

  • Tarnopol Retreat 1917

    Heavy retreat struggles czechoslovak legionaries after the famous battle of Zborov in the summer of 1917 with the German army. The fighting led to access to Tarnopol, in the ongoing disruption of the Russian front. The Czechoslovak Rifle Brigade proved their high quality again in them.

  • In difficult times (1/20)

    Since the existence of the military conflict between Czechoslovakia and Hungary in the years 1918 - 1919 is completely unknown to most of society today, I decided some time ago to prepare a detailed study on this topic. After several years of hard work with searching in various sources, confronting facts and ways directly to the places of battle, after many difficulties for the general public I present the processed material of this war, which often did not compete with the just ended World War I.

  • In difficult times (10/20)

    Silence before the storm.

  • In difficult times (11/20)

    Czechoslovak troops were eventually repulsed by Salgótarján by the superiority of the Hungarian army. Let's look briefly at the causes of this failure. This was followed by a quick and strong Hungarian offensive against the Czechoslovak army in Slovakia, with the subsequent retreat of the Czechoslovak fighting. army. After an unsuccessful defense, Miškovec was also lost at the time. The Hungarian offensive then continued further, towards the interior of Slovakia ...

  • In difficult times (12/20)

    For political and practical reasons, the Czechoslovak government at the beginning of June 1919 gave the command of troops in Slovakia into the hands of the French military mission. Subsequently, the French General Pellé took command on June 4, 1919 over the Czechoslovak army in Slovakia from the Italian general Piccion. We describe the fight of Czechoslovak units at the turn of May - June 1919 in the western section with the Hungarian V Army Corps.

  • In difficult times (13/20)

    Fighting in the western section continues and culminates in operations to conquer Levice. The first and second unsuccessful attempt to conquer Levice.

  • In difficult times (14/20)

    Fighting for Nové Zámky at the beginning of June 1919. Other volunteers come to Slovakia. The third attack on the conquest of Levice on the basis of a plan with the involvement of reserves and its cessation on June 24, 1919. Arrival of II. division of gen. Šnejdárek.

  • In difficult times (15/20)

    June battles of the home 2nd Division in the area of Zvolen and Bánske Štiavnica. Fights near Tisovec. The advance of the 2nd Division from the direction of Zvolen and Bánska Štiavnica to Levice, to attract the attention of the Hungarian defense and facilitate the advance of the planned third attack on Levice.

  • In difficult times (16/20)

    In the second half of June 1919, heavy fighting continued at Nové Zámky. These battles were among the toughest battles in the conflict.

  • In difficult times (17/20)

    The June fighting of 1919 on the eastern Slovakia. Fighting with Hungarian troops in their attempt to break through eastern Slovakia further north to the Russian Red Army. Heavy fight at Kysak.

  • In difficult times (18/20)

    June hard fights in the area of the Slovak New Town. Thanks to their superiority, the Hungarians made their way through eastern Slovakia almost to the Polish border - weaker Czechoslovak troops retreated through a tenacious fight. The threat of a merger between the Hungarian and Russian Red armies is serious. Fighting around Košice and Prešov. Under the patronage of the Hungarian Republic of Rad, the Slovak Republic of Rad was established in eastern Slovakia in Prešov on 16 June 1919. In a difficult situation, resolutely Czechoslovak troops, often without the necessary equipment, repeatedly try to attack the superiority to stop the Hungarian advance. The situation is critical ...

  • In difficult times (19/20)

    Intervention of the Paris Peace Conference to stop the war between Czechoslovakia and Hungary. Confirmation of Czechoslovak borders. Armistice June 24, 1919, cessation of hostilities. The Czechoslovak army reoccupies the whole of Slovakia. In Hungary, the Bolshevik government is collapsing and the crisis that has existed for several weeks is in full swing. Occupancy of the Bratislava bridgehead Petržalka on August 14, 1919.

  • In difficult times (2/20)

    The first volunteers

  • In difficult times (20/20)

    The Czechoslovak army reoccupied southern Slovakia after the end of the fighting in the summer of 1919. Assistance to the Hungarian Salgótarján in August 1919. Analysis of the situation of the Czechoslovak army in the past battles of the conflict. Losses. The Great Trianon 4. 6.1920.

  • In difficult times (3/20)

    Occupancy of western and eastern Slovakia by domestic Czechoslovak army

  • In difficult times (4/20)

    When November 25, 1918 took over Col. Schöbl as the supreme Czechoslovak commander in Slovakia from gen. Štika (who until then had command of all deployed Czechoslovak units in Slovakia), partially reorganized his units into a regular army structure, in which he appointed individual commanders. He also set up backup warehouses of equipment and armament near Uherské Hradiště to support units in Slovakia and took care of equipping his units with at least the most necessary, because the equipment and armament of the units was very weak ...

  • In difficult times (5/20)

    There were two main bastions of resistance in eastern Slovakia - Prešov and Košice. In addition, in Košice was the seat of Dvortsák's self-proclaimed Slovak People's Republic and the Hungarian Corps Headquarters. The Hungarian side used the time of its operation in Košice to prepare the defense, but above all to transport property of all kinds to Hungary. Thus, often very valuable state property was lost. Already in advance, however, by order of the Italian gen. Piccione's occupation of Košice and Prešov was reserved for Czechoslovak Army Legionary Corps from Italy, which returned to his homeland at the end of the year.

  • In difficult times (6/20)

    With the planned occupation of southern Slovakia on the demarcation line, the arrival of Czechoslovakia was expected. Army Legionary Corps from Italy. The reason was both the high combat value of the corps, which was well armed, and the fact that for this action of a liberation character was the Czechoslovak corps chosen by the government for a high moral standard ...

  • In difficult times (7/20)

    After the occupation of Bratislava by the Legionnaire 33rd Rifle Regiment, the II. and III. battalion of the legionary 39th Rifle Regiment, which was so far in Zhoror and Stupava as a backup during the operation to occupy Bratislava ...

  • In difficult times (8/20)

    Even throughout the spring of 1919, Hungary still tried to present to the world the reluctance of Slovaks to live in Czechoslovakia. There was a riot. However, the Hungarian side also had problems. She quickly organized her army, which after taking over the government of the Bolsheviks transformed into a red army after the Soviet model. In the end, Hungary deployed two-thirds of its forces against Czechoslovakia. In the fighting, this meant more than doubling the superiority of Hungarian troops against Czechoslovak ones.

  • In difficult times (9/20)

    After securing Slovak territory by the Czechoslovak army, the Hungarian army tested the combat capability of Czechoslovak troops with short raids. Other reinforcements were coming then, including Czechoslovak legionnaires from France. Hungarian troops retreated inland, deeper beyond the designated demarcation line than they had to. Czechoslovak commander of army in Slovakia gen. Piccione drew up a plan to occupy "no man's land", which was then implemented. The Hungarian side thus received a welcome excuse to attack. On March 21, 1919, there was also a revolution in Hungary and the Bolsheviks took power. This created the Republic of Hungary after the Soviet model ...

  • In difficult times ...

    Despite the title, as many might expect, I will not deal with today's situation, which many citizens would probably describe. However, our republic has experienced much more difficult times, which we are forgetting about today's hectic times.

  • Vouziers and Terron 1918

    participation of Czechoslovak legionaries in France in the battles of 1918

  • Zborov 1917

    Dear, sweet mom!
    I am a Czech soldier, a revolutionary. It's our whole regiment. Tomorrow, early in the morning, we will strike at the troops of the treacherous emperor, break our way to Moravia, Bohemia, and bring you freedom. We will win! If necessary, we will all fall, like our ancestors at the Star on White Mountain. That is our decision. If I fall, my golden mother, don't cry. Pray for me and for all of us and be proud that you raised a son who did not hesitate to sacrifice his life for the good of the nation. I kiss and hug you, my golden mother ...


Medals and awards

Důstojnický kříž www.valka.cz

Železný kříž www.valka.cz

Kříž www.valka.cz

Řád 17. května & Bar

Řád 17. května

Řád redakce www.valka.cz s diamantovou stužkou

Řád redakce www.valka.cz se zlatou stužkou

Řád redakce www.valka.cz se stříbrnou stužkou

Řád redakce www.valka.cz

& bar (46)

Medaile Cti k titulu Hrdina serveru www.valka.cz

Hrdina serveru www.valka.cz

Zlatá hvězda www.valka.cz

Stříbrná hvězda www.valka.cz

Bronzová hvězda www.valka.cz

& bar (37)

Velký kříž čestné legie serveru www.valka.cz

Komander čestné legie serveru www.valka.cz

Důstojník čestné legie serveru www.valka.cz

Rytíř čestné legie serveru www.valka.cz

Čestná legie serveru www.valka.cz

Řád slávy www.valka.cz se stříbrnou stužkou

Řád slávy www.valka.cz

Kříž za zásluhy o forum 2. třídy

Kříž za zásluhy o forum 3. třídy

Medaile za zásluhy o forum 1. stupně

Medaile za zásluhy o forum 2. stupně

Za službu v zahraničí

Medaile 28.října 1918 - bronzová

Čs. válečný kříž 1919

Dobrovolecký kříž

Čs. medaile za vítězství WW1

Zborovská pamětní medaile

Medaile Jana Žižky z Trocnova

Řád Sokola

Legionářský kříž

Medaile J.A. Komenského

Pamětní odznak VS AČR

Bronzová pamätná medaila M.R Štefánika


Premium account

Premium account

Support our site and get rid of ads. Use premium account!

Show information

Sign up

Do you want to ask us, add information or become the author of articles and get involved in the daily running, or use the full potential of this site? It's easy, here's a short guide how to start!
Show instructions

Looking for new colleagues!

Our web armedconflicts.com / valka.cz keeps looking for new colleagues, who are interested in military history and are willing to join our ranks, to help with content, coordination and control, administration tasks and other. Please join us and help us create content for others as well as for ourselves :)

Join us!