Etrich Taube

Přehled verzí

Etrich Taube - version overview

Etrich I Sperling - 1909, direct ancestor, glider and later motor plane with a wing inspired by the seed of the Zanonia Macrocarpa plant
Etrich II Taube - 1910, multipurpose monoplane, controlled by twisting the wing; basic variant, small quantity made by Etrich, licensed production agreed with the MLG company of Count Castiglione (performed assembly, machines without motors but supplied Lohner)
- built in versions IV to VII, differing in engines, chassis, etc.
Etrich III Möwe - 1910, slimmer wing, Daimler "Prinz Heinrich" engine
Etrich Schwalbe - 1911, sports, pointed wingtips
Etrich VIII Limousine - 1912, transport with closed cabin for three passengers, 60k Austro-Daimler engine, two pieces, allegedly used by KuK Air Force
Etrich AI - designation of the KuK Air Force for Taube with a radiator above the engine and Austro-Daimler engines, unknown number built by Lohner, 10 pcs arsenal in Fischamend
Etrich A.II.
Etrich A.II Taube - 1913, (probably) unrelated modernized variant from the production of Etrich's new factory in Lubawka

Rumpler Taube - 1910, German licensed variant, basically identical to Austrian machines; main variant, forming a substantial part of about 500 Taube built in Germany
Rumpler 3C - 1913, a modernized variant with a simplified chassis and a more aerodynamic engine hood; on 3C pilot Linnevogel in Spain demonstrated the stability of the machine in flight by climbing out of the cockpit and stepping behind the support pylon
Rumpler 4C - 1914, variant with a rectangular fuselage and simplified wing reinforcement, aileron control
Rumpler Delfin-Taube - 1913, transport machine with covered passenger cabin

In September 1911, the German Patent Office rejected Etrich's patent on the Taube on the grounds that the sliding properties of the Zanonie fruit had already been published and that the new patent represented no improvement over Etrich's Austrian patent. Immediately, Flugsport magazine published Taube drawings, and dozens of German companies and individuals began building their own versions. (By the way, Rumpler took the opportunity to unilaterally terminate the license agreement, so it stopped paying Etrich.)

Overview of main manufacturers and their variants:

Albatros Taube - 1913 ?, a copy of the standard Taube, simplified chassis, Mercedes D.I engine, built at least five machines
Albatros EE Taube - 1914, fuselage taken from Albatros BI , 100k engine Mercedes, 42? pcs

Caspar Taube - 1914, a training Taube with a 100k Oberursel engine, based essentially on Gothy LE 2 with Oberursel, used by Caspar's flight school; built 6 machines for the Air Force, then taken over by the Navy

DFW Stahltaube - 1913, rectangular hull with metal construction, 100k or 120k engine Mercedes or Argus, radiator under the engine
(because some of the machines flew at the subsidiary DFW Lübeck-Travemünde, they are sometimes incorrectly listed Lübeck Taube)

Euler Taube - 1913, three Taubes with different strut system and complex chassis, 95k Argus engines

Goedecker Militär-Taube - 1914, Taube with tubular strut system instead of release ropes; Fliegertruppe bought at least one

Gotha LE 1 - 1913, copy of standard Taube, 8 pcs for Gotha and Caspar flight schools
Gotha LE 2 - 1913, modernized variant with simplified chassis, Engine Mercedes DI, Argus or Oberursel U.0, 36 pcs for aviation, others for aviation schools; 4. 11. 1914 LE 2 for the first time bombed British territory - Dover
Gotha LE 3 - 1914, redesigned hull with a rectangular cross-section, Mercedes D.I engine; 46 pcs?
Gotha LE 4 - 1914, modernization with flap control, Mercedes hooded engine; 2 pcs differing in the fastening of reinforcing wires

Halberstadt Taube - 1912, training variant for the company flight school, massive four-wheel chassis, 75k/100k Mercedes engines
Halberstadt Taube - 1914, modernized variant with a fuselage with a rectangular cross-section and perhaps with ailerons, simple chassis, Mercedes engines; at least 5 pcs

Harlan Pfeil-Taube - several pieces with arrow-shaped wings

Jeannin Stahltaube - 1913, rectangular hull with metal construction, simplified chassis, 120k Argus or Mercedes engine, 36? pcs; a machine of this type allegedly revealed the Russian army at the Battle of Tannenberg

Kondor Taube - 1912, oval hull, 95k Mercedes engine; 5 built for Spain, another for Sweden, but after the outbreak of war confiscated by the German Air Force
Kondor H Taube - 1914, rectangular fuselage covered with plywood, 100k Mercedes engine, for air force 12 pcs

Rahtjen Taube - 1915, oval hull, Argus engine; probably built only 4 machines for a corporate flight school

Roland Stahltaube - 1913, metal fuselage structure, 100k Argus engine; bought only two

Other machines about which there is at least some information:
Isobe Taube - 1915, machine built in Tokorozawa by engineer Onokichi Isob, Austro-Daimler engine, aileron control
Beese Taube - a machine derived from Rumpler Taube built for Amelia Beese-Butard
Luckoj Taube - a machine of the Russian engineer Boris G. Lucký, powered by two tandem engines
Krieger Taube - 1915, probably the last Taube machine

Balej, Jan. Etrich Taube, L + K 1984/13-14.
Grosz, P. M. Taube at War, Windsock Datafile 104. Albatros Productions, Berkhamsted 2004. ISBN 1-902207-59-9.
The Rumpler aircraft and its development from 1908 to 1918, International Airport no. 07, 1975.
Kroschel, G., Stützer, H. Die deutschen Militärflugzeuge 1910 - 1918. Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg 1994. ISBN 3-89350-693-4.
Гриценко, И. В. The history of the composition and services of the Taube type aircraft. Запорожье, 2009.
URL : Version : 0
Etrich Taube - Původní Etrichovy typy: Sperling (Vrabec), Taube (Holubice), Möwe (Racek), Schwalbe (Vlaštovka) a Limousine.

Původní Etrichovy typy: Sperling (Vrabec), Taube (Holubice), Möwe (Racek), Schwalbe (Vlaštovka) a Limousine.
URL : Version : 0
Discussion post Fact post

Join us

We believe that there are people with different interests and experiences who could contribute their knowledge and ideas. If you love military history and have experience in historical research, writing articles, editing text, moderating, creating images, graphics or videos, or simply have a desire to contribute to our unique system, you can join us and help us create content that will be interesting and beneficial to other readers.

Find out more