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Introduction The confiscation of Sudeten German property is sometimes referred to as a legitimate property sanction against the enemies and traitors of the Czech nation. On the other hand, in connection with confiscation, the denial of one of the basic democratic principles, which is the inviolability of private property rights, is sharply criticized.
1. Expulsion The confiscation of property followed the expulsion of the Sudeten Germans, which was a necessary precondition for it. In the first chapter I want to briefly deal with its course, the legislative aspect of the adopted solution. I want to point out how complicated and sometimes unresolved the process of deportation was and how the forced departure of the German population took place in Rumburk. When did the relocation in Rumburk begin? What was his speed, course? How many German residents were affected by forced departure?
2. Legal framework of confiscation In this chapter I want to deal with the basic legal framework of the change of property rights in post-war Czechoslovakia, to evaluate its integrity, and possibly chaos. Based on these starting points, I want to point out later how the confiscation took place in Rumburk.
3. Rumburk The town of Rumburk is located in the northernmost part of Bohemia in the Šluknov promontory. From 1850 to 1960 it was a district town and in the Sudetenland in northern Bohemia it was one of the most important municipalities. It represents the natural center of the Šluknov promontory, it is an important hub of road and railway transport. Until the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938), Rumburk as a city in the Sudetenland was considered an indisputable part of the Czech state. Due to its location, however, it was surrounded by a German-speaking population.
4. RINCO Werke industrial confiscation My initial hypothesis is that the confiscation did not proceed according to a clearly defined plan, but was carried out suddenly, unsystematically, thus giving considerable scope for various illegal transfers of property. I will try to prove my hypothesis on the example of RINCO Werke. Will I try to answer the questions of why the national administration was imposed, the confiscation area and what was the fate of the company as a result? What are the powers of the national administrators, who had real power in the management of the business, in dealing with the confiscated property?
Conclusion The precondition for the whole confiscation was the expulsion of most Germans. The national administration was established in the property that remained after them. However, the subsequent confiscation not only brought benefits to Czechoslovakia in the form of acquisition of property values, but also a number of negative consequences.
List of used literature