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Confiscation of industrial property of Sudeten Germans after 1945 on the example of Rumburk

Introduction The confiscation of Sudeten German property is sometimes referred to as a legitimate property sanction against the enemies and traitors of the Czech nation. On the other hand, in connection with confiscation, the denial of one of the basic democratic principles, which is the inviolability of private property rights, is sharply criticized.

Confiscation of industrial property of Sudeten Germans after 1945 on the example of Rumburk

1. Expulsion The confiscation of property followed the expulsion of the Sudeten Germans, which was a necessary precondition for it. In the first chapter I want to briefly deal with its course, the legislative aspect of the adopted solution. I want to point out how complicated and sometimes unresolved the process of deportation was and how the forced departure of the German population took place in Rumburk. When did the relocation in Rumburk begin? What was his speed, course? How many German residents were affected by forced departure?

Confiscation of industrial property of Sudeten Germans after 1945 on the example of Rumburk

3. Rumburk The town of Rumburk is located in the northernmost part of Bohemia in the Šluknov promontory. From 1850 to 1960 it was a district town and in the Sudetenland in northern Bohemia it was one of the most important municipalities. It represents the natural center of the Šluknov promontory, it is an important hub of road and railway transport. Until the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938), Rumburk as a city in the Sudetenland was considered an indisputable part of the Czech state. Due to its location, however, it was surrounded by a German-speaking population.

Confiscation of industrial property of Sudeten Germans after 1945 on the example of Rumburk

4. RINCO Werke industrial confiscation My initial hypothesis is that the confiscation did not proceed according to a clearly defined plan, but was carried out suddenly, unsystematically, thus giving considerable scope for various illegal transfers of property. I will try to prove my hypothesis on the example of RINCO Werke. Will I try to answer the questions of why the national administration was imposed, the confiscation area and what was the fate of the company as a result? What are the powers of the national administrators, who had real power in the management of the business, in dealing with the confiscated property?

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