Rome (Ancient) (RIM)
On August 9, 378 AD, the East Roman Emperor Valens set out from Adrianople with an army of 25,000 infantry to destroy the army of the Gothic rebel Fritigerna ( Gothic Frithugairns ). In the evening of the same day, he lay on the battlefield, along with a third of his army. Ammianus Marcellinus called this defeat the worst since Hannibal's victory at Cannae. How could the Gothic refugees from behind the Danube, who had been on the defensive until now, defeat a well-armed and trained Roman army?
The Battle of the Trebia River took place in December 218 BC during the Punic Wars. The Carthaginian army led by Hannibal and the Roman army led by Sempronio Long met in it. The Roman army suffered a crushing defeat here, and Hannibal proved his ingenious talents here. This battle led to the Battle of Kann, which proved to be the worst disaster for the Roman army, and Hannibal's cavalry showed its undeniable qualities over the Roman cavalry.
Great warriors are naturally connected with wars. Today I would like to present a brief portrait of a man who certainly has his position in the history of the military. It is Iulius Caesar, a man who conquered Gaul, defeated the Germans, won many battles of the Civil War and ended the history of Ancient Egypt. In the history of antiquity, only such men as Alexander the Great, Scipio Africanus or Trajan can probably compete with him. So let's look at this man, who hardly knew defeat and kept a cool head in the worst situation. At the same time, however, he was a man of much greater qualities in virtue than later Napoleon, it is a mistake to compare him to Hitler, Caesar always had a dimension that made him a great figure in history and put him above many cold dictators.
Gaius Iulius Caesar came from an old patrician family. He himself, with the pride of a true Roman, derived his family from the semi-legendary Roman kings to the gods. As for Caesar's mother Aurelia, she came from the plebeian, but very respected family of Aurelia.
Caesar again tried to become Pompey's right hand, doing everything he could to ensure that Pompey did not establish close relations with the Senate in order to strengthen Caesar's position. Caesar supported the proposal to allow Pompey to run for consulate in his absence. However, the brave Cato prevented him, who was then almost killed.
Interestingly, the only record of a participant in Caesar's campaign in Gaul is the Notes on the Gallic War , which was written by none other than Caesar himself, and then historians such as Plutarchos used it. However, because I do not want to deal for a long time with the analysis of this work, which is interesting for historians, but for laymen and admirers of history, I will just say so much that Caesar was not completely objective, but he could not be subjective and invent, because among soldiers had its people senators, Cicero and Catón.
After returning from Britain, Caesar faced the most difficult of all the trials he had survived in Gaul. At the end of the year 54 BC a great Gaelic uprising began.
The dice were really thrown. Interestingly, we have records of the entire Civil War only from Caesar's Notes on the Civil War and Cicero's correspondence. Immediately after crossing the Rubicon on January 10, 49 BC the first Roman fortress of Arminium fell, where Caesar sent his troops ahead. It turned out that Pompey did not have an army with which to stop Caesar.
After returning from Rome from Thaps and Utika, Caesar mainly made sure to make a good impression and influence public opinion in a certain way. He also appeared before the people in the Senate, emphasizing that he had no tyrannical intentions and highlighting his efforts to increase prosperity at the expense of conquered territories.
In the elections for 44 BC Caesar and Marcus Antonius were elected consuls. In 44 BC Caesar became dictator 4 times and consul 5 times. His position seemed indisputable. The new honors bestowed on him by the Senate corresponded not only to royal majesty but simply to religion. In an atmosphere of endless honors and resolutions, in a situation of general servility, talk of Caesar and the royal wreath became more and more widespread, with the dictator's closest persons providing reasons for similar errors with their almost provocative behavior.
I bring you a list of equipment and armaments of a Roman heavyweight from the period of the 1st century AD. It's a regular infantry kit. The equipment of officers and non-commissioned officers differed on several points. The legion was one of the most effective military units in the history of the military, and the legionaries became famous for their tenacity and physical condition. After the reforms that Gaius Marius first made in the army in Christ's army, the professional army became the foundation on which every candidate for government over Rome built. So what did these "history makers" use in their daily lives?
From January 49 BC to Pharsalus (August 9, 48 according to the Roman calendar, June 6 according to the Julian calendar), the Roman world was divided into two camps by the civil war between Pompeii and Caesar. The war was fought with alternating happiness in Africa, Italy, Gaul, Spain, and moved to Greece.
Want to know something about one of the best military leaders of antiquity? Do you know anything about a man who deserves to be associated with the best of the best in his craft?
An integral part of the military environment is the habit of rewarding especially brave deeds with awards that certainly provide the wearer with both real benefits and moral credit. A similar practice was known to the ancient Romans.
I tried to list the Roman legionary's outfit in the previous article. Today I will try to briefly describe the way in which the Romans built their military camps.
Gladiators are a component of Roman culture, which is probably the most widespread in the general consciousness of ancient Rome. There are innumerable myths and half-truths about gladiators that some of us have encountered, perhaps unknowingly. This article tries to deal with gladiators during the Roman Republic without mythization and, if possible, without distortion, although with such a large lapse of time it is difficult to bring real facts to light from under the deposits of legends. I can only promise that I tried to do it as best I could.
Near Alise-Sainte Reine in France, 32 miles northwest of Dijon, G. Julius Caesar fought one of the legendary battles of history. His adversary, Vercingetorix, the chief of the Avernovs, formed a large confederation of Gallic tribes to push the Romans once and for all out of a war-torn country. The Gauls had a numerical advantage of six to one. Caesar built a series of fortifications that took the breath away even of the Romans, accustomed to similar siege work.
List of the most important battles that took place from the conquest of Rome by the Gallic King Brenn to the conquest of Constantinople by Mohammed II.