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Schacht, Horace Greeley Hjalmar

Given Name:
Horace Greeley Hjalmar
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Horace Greeley Hjalmar Schacht
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
22.01.1877 Tingleff /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
03.06.1970 Mnichov /
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
Ministr hospodářství
Ministr bez portfeje
Prezident Říšské banky
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
Související články:
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3. may 1970 in Munich is dying, Horace Greeley Hjalmar Schacht, the man who funded the founding of the company IG Farben, then later helped raise funds for the NSDAP and Hitler. Together with Wilhelm Kepler addressed the industrialists with a petition to president Hindenburg to appoint Adolf Hitler chancellor. When that happened, he got back to the position of president of the reichsbank and in August 1934 he was then appointed minister of economy. This feature alone left in November 1937 in the growing disputes with hermann goering, who showed a fundamental disregard for the basic rules of the functioning of the economy. In January 1939 remained at the head of the reichsbank, to January 1943 and the minister without portfolio, to his resignation did not inspire abroad distrust of the nazi regime. His disapproving attitude with the actions of the nazis with the Jews it gradually brought up to the resistance movement, three days after the assassination attempt on Hitler of 20. July 1944 he was arrested and the rest of the war he lived in the concentration camps Ravensbrück, Flossenbürg and Dachau. With a group of prominent prisoners was in late April 1945 transferred to Tyrol, where it was liberated by the us army. Judged was in Nuremberg, but acquitted in the full breadth of, after the war, then to continue acting as the banker.

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