Second Italian-Habesh war [1935-1936]
Italy's preparations for the conquest of Ethiopia began, according to Mussolini's confession, as early as 1925. Initially, its "peaceful" annexation was envisaged on the basis of the 1928 Friendship Treaty. But that failed. This was followed by immediate preparations for an attack on Ethiopia. In the Italian colonies of Eritrea, Somalia and Libya, troops were concentrated, seaports, airports and military bases were built and reconstructed, and roads were built toward the Ethiopian border. The armed forces rose to 1.3 million men.