TKS

Czołg rozpoznawczy TKS
     
Název:
Name:
TKS TKS
Originální název:
Original Name:
TKS
Kategorie:
Category:
tančík tankette
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.08.1933-DD.04.1937 Państwowe Zakłady Inżynierii, Varšava
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.08.1933-DD.04.1937
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
292
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
01.04.1933
Osádka:
Crew:
2
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Bojová hmotnost:
Combat Weight:
25701) kg 56661) lb
Délka s kanónem dopředu:
Length with Gun Forward:
29802) mm 9 ft 9 ¼ in 2)
Délka korby:
Hull Length:
2560 mm 8 ft 4 ¾ in
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
1760 mm 5 ft 9 ¼ in
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
1330 mm 4 ft 4 ⅜ in
Světlá výška:
Ground Clearance:
? mm ?
Šířka pásu:
Track Width:
170 mm 6 ¾ in
Měrný tlak:
Ground Pressure:
0,43 MPa 62.37 psi
Pancéřování:
Armour:
Válcované pancéřové plechy spojované nýty
Čelní - 6-10 mm, pozdější série 8-10 mm
Boční - 8 mm, pozdější série 8-10 mm
Zadní - 8 mm, pozdější série 8-10 mm
Horní - 3-5 mm, pozdější série 4 mm
Dolní - 4 mm, pozdější série 5 mm
rolled armored sheets, riveted
Front - 6-10 mm, later series 8-10 mm
Side - 8 mm, later series 8-10 mm
Rear - 8 mm, later series 8-10 mm
Upper - 3-5 mm, later series 4 mm
Down - 4 mm, later series 5 mm
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Typ:
Type:
Polski Fiat 122AC (prvních 86 tančíků)
Polski Fiat 122BC (zbytek vyrobených TKS)
Polski Fiat 122AC (first 86 tankettes)
Polski Fiat 122BC
Výkon:
Power:
33,8 kW při 2600 ot/min 45.3 bhp at 2600 rpm
Převodové ústrojí:
Transmission:
? ?
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Rychlost na silnici:
Road Speed:
40 km/h 25 mph
Rychlost v terénu:
Cross-country Speed:
18 km/h 11 mph
Jízdní dosah po silnici:
Cruising Range on Road:
180 km 112 mi
Jízdní dosah v terénu:
Cross-country Cruising Range:
110 km 68 mi
Překonávání překážek:
Obstacles Crossing:
 
Svah:
Gradient:
35 ° 78 %
Boční náklon:
Side Slope:
? ° ? %
Překročivost:
Trench Crossing:
1 m 39 in
Výstupnost:
Vertical Obstacle:
? m ?
Brodivost:
Fording Depth:
0,5 m 20 in
Výzbroj:
Armament:
 
Hlavní:
Main:
1 x kulomet 7,92 mm Hotchkiss vz. 25 + 2000-2400 nábojů

20-24 tančíků vyzbrojeno 20 mm automatickým kanonem FK-A vz. 38 + 250 nábojů
1 x 7,92 mm machine gun Hotchkiss vz. 25 (2000-2400 rounds)

1 x 20 mm gun FK-A vz. 38 (250 rounds) (only 20-24 tankettes)
Vedlejší:
Secondary:
- -
Uživatelské státy:
User States:






Poznámka:
Note:
Spotřeba PHM - 38 l/100 km - silnice, 70 l/100 km - terén

1) pozdější série 2650 kg
2) kanonová verze
Fuel consumption: 7.43 mi/imp gal (road), 4.04 mi/imp gal (terrain)


1) later series 5842 lb
2) gun version
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://derela.republika.pl/tk_pl.htm#his
Jońca, Andrzej, Szubański, Rajmund, Tarczyński, Jan: Wrzesień 1939-pojazdy Wojska Polskiego. Barwa i broń, WKŁ, Warszawa 1990
Szubański, Rajmund: Polska broń pancerna w 1939 roku, Bellona, Warszawa 2004
URL : https://www.valka.cz/TKS-t8695#291859 Version : 0
Before the outbreak of World War II, Polish designers planned to replace the machine gun with a cannon in order to increase the combat value of the tanks, which at that time were hopelessly outdated and incapable of fighting against the enemy's armoured vehicles.

Initial attempts in 1936 using the Solothurn Solo S 18-100 anti-tank rifle did not turn out satisfactorily. At the end of 1937, automatic guns of 20 mm calibre from Solothurn and Madsen were tested, but even these weapons did not meet Polish expectations. They therefore decided to develop their own gun design (wz.38). This was achieved at the end of 1938, when one TK-3 was armed with it, and later in the beginning of the year one TKS was also armed with it. After passing the relevant gunnery and driving tests, the type was accepted into armament. The newer TKS were to be rearmed first, and later its predecessor TK-3.

The gun was protected by a spherical shield, piercing 20 mm armour at a range of 500 metres. The ammunition supply consisted of 250 rounds.

However, the rearmament of the machines took place only just before the invasion of Poland and only a few pieces were completed. To speed up the rearmament, the weapon sets were sent directly to the field workshops of the individual units, but it is not known which units managed to complete the rearmament. The number of gun TCSs is therefore low. At the same time, the necessary ammunition was not available because its production was still in its infancy. Despite the fact that it was not a full-fledged machine for tank warfare they managed to use them effectively in destroying even lightly armoured enemy equipment.

On the TKS with a 20mm gun, the first Polish tank ace Roman Orlik achieved hardly imaginable successes, when thanks to his tactical skill he was able to assert himself even against tanks of a higher weight category (e.g. PzKpfw.35(t)). A description of his achievements is in the book mentioned in the source.

Ivo Pejčoch, Oldřich Pejs - Obrněná technika 5, Central Europe 1919-1945 I.část, vzdavateľstvo ARES, Prague 2004, ISBN 80-86158-32-2

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TKS - TK-3 s 20mm kanónom

TK-3 s 20mm kanónom
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/TKS-t8695#161787 Version : 0
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