Tutsi uprising in Congo / Second Congo War [1998-2003]
The conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ( DRC, formerly Zaire ) was, especially in its second phase, the largest conflict in the history of modern Africa and is sometimes referred to as Africa's " First World War ." DR Congo is a country extremely rich in minerals, but its population has not yet had the opportunity to prosper from this wealth, although mining has been going on for more than a hundred years. The aim of this study will be to find out what role minerals and other natural resources have played in the last two decades, and especially in the Second Congolese War and today. We will also look at the positions of the international community on this issue, as we believe that both the presence of many foreign mining companies and, subsequently, the UN peacekeeping missions have played an important role in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Introduction The end of the Cold War has facilitated peace in some areas, such as Central America, but not around the world. Some conflicts, such as the one in Burma or Sudan, have simply persisted. Other countries have apparently succeeded, but there have been traces of relentless violence, such as in Cambodia. And with the fall of some regimes, new conflicts have arisen, such as the one in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
II. The Economy of the DRC Conflict In June 1960, today's DRC was granted independence from the Kingdom of Belgium, but was immediately marked by instability. First, in 1960-1963, state territorial control was threatened by the separatist movement in Katange led by Moise Tshomb, the first Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba was assassinated in 1961, later the country was swept in revolutions mainly by pro-Lumumbists like Pierre Mulele. A political vacuum was created in October 1965 when President Joseph Kasavubu removed the new Prime Minister Tshombe from the Prime Minister's chair. General Vacut Sese Seko used this vacuum for three decades.
Conclusion At the beginning of a war, there can often be a shadow state. This is the work of a ruler who abuses the sovereignty of his regime and maintains his position by provoking local conflicts that would prevent an organized uprising against him. However, if such a fragmented state collapses, it almost always ends in a civil war. Even in a civil war whose individual actors are unwilling to cooperate with each other because the benefits of independent activity outweigh the possible collective benefits.
List of used literature
The end of the Cold War has made it easier to achieve peace in some areas, such as Central America, but not around the world. Some conflicts, such as the one in Burma or Sudan, have simply persisted. Other countries have apparently succeeded, but there have been traces of relentless violence, such as in Cambodia. And with the fall of some regimes, new conflicts have arisen, such as the one in the Democratic Republic of Congo.