USSR / Successional Countries USSR (SOV)
In the second half of World War I, the tank was created as a support device for infantry, a kind of mobile stronghold, which was to allow the infantry to advance through enemy defensive zones with numerous wire barriers and multiple trench systems. The defensive zone reached a depth of several tens of kilometers and the whole area was shot by machine guns and cannons. During the advance, the slowly crawling tank not only provided the infantry with protection from the enemy's machine-gun fire, but also silenced enemy fireballs with its cannons and machine guns, dug passages in wire barriers and was able to fill the trenches with hats that he carried ...
The American tanks of the designer Walter Christie indisputably laid the foundations of modern Soviet tanks. Soviet designers, workers and the entire production base gained a lot of experience in their modifications and production. It's time to show what the new tanks can do in combat.
On July 18, 1929, the Soviet Military Council issued Protocol No. 29, in which it defined the requirements for new armament of tank and mechanized units of the Red Army. At the same time, in accordance with Lenin's theory of the "export of revolution," plans for offensive operations into the depths of the enemy's territory were developed. This required weapons. A lot of weapons.
The production of the BT-2 tank initially faced considerable difficulties, but gradually gained momentum. Nevertheless, it was clear that the new tank, as copied from the American model, was not the most suitable for service in the difficult conditions of the Soviet Union. It was necessary to make changes.
Origin, development and variants.
A monograph of a Soviet BT-5 light tank from the 1930s, which in 1945 also fought against Japan.
From its inception to the peak of development of the predecessor of the T-34.
The anniversary of the outbreak of the Soviet-German war provides an opportunity to recall some moments and ambiguities in the preparation and launch of hostilities. In this case, we will try to generalize certain data concerning tank units and their armament on both sides of the war. Although this topic has been studied in great detail in Russian literature for the last 15 years, we have preserved very outdated information in this field, at best from the early 1990s, at worst even the ideological floppy of Soviet propaganda.
Something just to shorten a long time ...
Medium tank T - 54 is a combat tracked vehicle armed with a 100mm cannon and a coupled machine gun caliber 7.62 mm. It represents the next stage of development
T - 54 A tank, mainly by increasing the protection of the crew and equipment of the tank against the effects of weapons of mass destruction.
Medium tank T - 55A is a combat tracked vehicle armed with a 100 mm cannon and a coupled machine gun caliber 7.62 mm. It represents the next stage of development of the T - 55 tank.
Tank T-72 is a combat, armored, tracked vehicle armed with a smooth bore cannon with a main caliber of 125 mm, a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and an anti-aircraft machine gun caliber 12.7 mm.
Taran, the weapon of heroes!
... or talking about the tank T-34/76 of Stepan Christoforovich Gorobec.
The Ikar plant proposed to organize the production of powerful engines and in 1922 received an order for their production, and the American Liberty-12 and the French Hispano-Suiza 8Fb (M-6) with 400 and 300 hp were selected as samples. The Liberty-12 was an American aircraft engine manufactured since the end of 1917.
Basic externally visible distinguishing features of BT tanks and their comparison.
In the 1920s and 1930s, several types of multi-tower tanks with various armaments were created. This concept quickly became obsolete, but at the time it was created, it was not as meaningless as it might seem at first glance, seen through the lens of today.
Although the SMK and T-100 tanks were visually similar, the overall concept had some fundamental differences that may not be obvious at first glance. Although the combat significance of both tanks was episodic, it is definitely an interesting branch of development, although doomed by further development.
Origin and development of the most produced pre-war tank.
Origin and development of the most produced pre-war tank.
Origin and development of the most produced pre-war tank
Origin and development of the most produced pre-war tank - artillery and flamethrower tanks.
Origin and development of the most produced pre-war tank - special construction.
Origin and development of the most produced pre-war tank - self-propelled artillery on its chassis.
Origin and development of the most produced pre-war tank - special constructions, tractors, transporters and special superstructures.
Ever since Simms's Millitary Scout vehicle, designers and military strategists have toyed with the idea of an armored mobile infantryman or a moving motor-driven machine gun nest.
When she visited the Chalepsky Commission in 1930 to buy tanks or license their production in Great Britain, she also encountered prototypes of the A6 Vickers tank, then a "fashionable" multi-tower type. The British side was not inclined to sell this vehicle and further negotiations were not successful. Since the commission always had its eyes on the stopwatch and cameras and gauges always on the lookout, it was decided to "develop" its own type of three-tower medium, in the then terminology of the maneuvering tank, after returning to the USSR.
It's hard to write about a machine as good as a T-34. Although it is possible to find some details on the net, they did not satisfy me in many ways. It is very general or non-Czech. I will try to give it to you as I wrote it down in the text.
When you say T-34, everyone is equipped with a medium tank with which Soviet troops went through the entire Great Patriotic War and which formed the backbone of the tank units of many states long after the end of World War II. A little-known fact is that it was not the first tank to bear such a designation.
Contrary to popular belief, the truth never lies in the middle. Under the pressure of irrefutable evidence, it moves in favor of one angle or another, which often dissolves somewhere in the fourth dimension, beyond our comprehension. The path to truth is thorny and blooming, and the result achieved is far from the prevailing notions of "good" and "bad" principles of this world.
As with several types of Soviet tanks, the history of this vehicle began with a visit to the Chalep Commission in Great Britain in 1930. The commission members were interested in, among others, the five-tower, thirty-two-ton Vickers A1E1 Independent from 1926, made in a single copy. When it became clear that the structural and production complex tank TG, developed hand in hand by a Soviet-German group of engineers led by E. Grotte, the Soviet industrial complex in the series simply could not produce, the Soviet part of the group of engineers was transferred to work on a heavy tank project.
During the Second World War (especially after gaining the initiative in its second half), following the combat experience and the introduction of new technology on the enemy's side, the Soviet leadership, together with individual design offices, tried to improve their combat technology in various categories. In the category of medium tanks, where the number of manufactured pieces reigned the T-34 tank, specifications were also set, which defined the new requirements for this tank. Thus, the specifications of the T-43 and T-44 (which serial machines still intervened in combat in limited quantities) and finally the T-54 were created.
The T-62 tank was soon used in combat. It wasn't so much the fault of the construction itself that the result was what it was. The modernization program tried to correct the biggest shortcomings. At that time, the T-62 tank was being replaced in the Soviet Army by more modern types.
It is surprising how little has been written about the tank, which in terms of the number of pieces produced is among the most numerous in post-war history. The descriptions usually begin with the Soviets realizing that the T-54 tanks are obsolete, and decided to rearm them with a 115 mm cannon. But it was a little different.
After an unfavorable evaluation of the T-60 machine, it was decided to design a stronger light tank ...
The history of the T-34 tank fell on the period of "great terror" and was in many ways tragic for their creators. According to canonical Soviet historiography, the creation of the T-34 is associated exclusively with the name of the chief designer Mikhail Koshkin, who in December 1936 replaced the convicted Afanasiy Firsov. It should be noted that a design genius was needed to develop a groundbreaking tank design, and Koshkin was not.
Recently, information has emerged about the renewal of the Czech modernization program T-72, which took place in the late 90's. After that, 35 tanks for the Czech Army, which received the designation T-72M4 CZ, were modernized under this program by 2006, and the program was stopped for financial reasons. Now the Czech Republic is considering modernizing several hundred vehicles for its army and possibly for export.