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Viktor

Viktor

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  • Gate through the Carpathians

    The Dukliansky Pass has traditionally had great military significance in the past. Its strategic importance was also confirmed by the fighting of both world wars. While the military operations of 1944 are well known, the fighting of 1914/1915 remains forgotten in their shadows. However, these battles during World War I were just as important and were as difficult and bloody as the later battles during World War II.

    24.079
  • Lieutenant General Matvey Aleksandrovich Sulkevich

    Biography of a Russian general of Tatar origin, who fought in the World War I

    6.874
  • Interview with Mark Solonin

    17.978
  • Carpathian "Thermopylae"

    In November 1914, Austria-Hungary faced one of the most severe crises during the entire period of World War I. The German ally failed to fulfill its pre-war promises and move its main forces from France to the Eastern Front. The army of the monarchy thus opposed the large numerical superiority of Russian troops, which advanced to Krakow and controlled the Carpathian passes. The most critical situation arose near the town of Humenné, the occupation of which meant the deepest penetration of the Russians into the interior of the then Hungary. Only the last line of Austro-Hungarian defense in the valley of the Laborec River separated the attacking Russian regiments from the East Slovak lowlands.

    40.254
  • The legend of the desertion of the Prague 28th Infantry Regiment in the Carpathians

    In the northeast of Slovakia, in the Bardejov district, is the village of Stebnícka Huta, which became the scene of heavy fighting during the First World War. An event occurred in this village on April 3, 1915, which entered the political history of the Czechoslovak Republic. According to the official version, members of the Austro-Hungarian 28th Infantry Regiment then voluntarily ran to the Russian side of the front. This unit was known as the regiment of the " Prague Children " and its desertion was to be credited to members of the " Czech retinue ", who fought in the ranks of the Russian Tsarist army against the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. What part of this story is a legend and what actually happened at Stebnícka Huta?

    30.691
  • Latvia at the Crossroads of Wars 1914 - 1920 (I.)

    Military-political developments in Latvia during the First World War and during the independence struggles against the background of the civil war in Russia. The internal power struggle between the Latvian nationalists, the Latvian Bolsheviks and the Baltic Germans was accompanied by the intervention of external forces. The Red Army of Soviet Russia, the Freikorps of Germany, the Western Volunteer Army of the White Guard Russians, and the Royal Navy of Great Britain intervened in local events to advance their interests and influence. As a result, Latvia remained a battlefield until 1920.

    28.426
  • Latvia at the Crossroads of Wars 1914 - 1920 (II.)

    The attempt to Sovietize Latvia not only deprived the government of P. Stučka of public support, but also undermined the morale of its main power support - the red Latvian shooters. Mass desertions from the Red Army began, motivated initially by a reluctance to continue fighting when Latvia was already freed from the Germans. Subsequently, disagreement with the policy of the Latvian Soviet government was added, and some of its soldiers even began to move to the tent of the government of K. Ulmanis.

    23.927
  • The myth of purges in the Red Army

    The purges in the Red Army officers in 1937-1938 were used by official Soviet historiography as one of the main arguments for explaining the Soviet Union's unpreparedness for war with Germany. However, contemporary Russian historians have refuted this argument and, based on their research, have shown the true extent and real effects of purges.

    43.050
  • Nothing new on the Carpathian front

    In 1915, the Carpathian Front of World War I was one of the most strategically important European battlefields. Rows of trenches and obstacles made of barbed wire also cut through the territory of the then Upper Zemplín and Šariš counties. The territory of six districts of present-day northeastern Slovakia has thus become the scene of intensive military operations. Heavy and bloody battles were alternated with operational breaks, which, however, did not bring officers and soldiers much relief from their demanding and exhausting frontal life.

    23.018
  • The most successful Soviet snipers 1941 - 1945

    The article provides basic information about the 15 most successful Red Army snipers from the period of World War II. Only those snipers who claimed more than 400 hit enemy soldiers are included. Official Soviet historiography has never published such a list, and its compilation has only taken place in recent years.

    67.619
  • Ratio of Wehrmacht and Red Army forces 1940–1941 - Part 2

    The article compares the numbers and quality of tanks, artillery systems and military aircraft in the armament of the Wehrmacht and the Red Army in the years 1940 - 1941. Based on this, it analyzes the preparations of Germany and the Soviet Union for a mutual armed meeting. Finally, it offers an interpretation of these facts against the background of Soviet pre-war strategic planning.

    26.518
  • Ratio of Wehrmacht and Red Army forces 1940–1941

    The article compares the numbers and quality of tanks, artillery systems and military aircraft in the armament of the Wehrmacht and the Red Army in the years 1940 - 1941. Based on this, it analyzes the preparations of Germany and the Soviet Union for a mutual armed meeting. Finally, it offers an interpretation of these facts against the background of Soviet pre-war strategic planning.

    48.321
  • Ground combat operations in the Brest area in June 1941 V.

    Part 5 - German BLitzkrieg In the section of the Soviet 4th Army and the German 2nd Tank Group, the most important combat operations took place north and south of Brest-Lithuania. North of the city he crossed the border river XLVII. motorized corps and south XXIV. motorized corps. Directly opposite Brest-Lithuania and in its immediate vicinity, units of the XII. Army Corps. Experienced German officers and soldiers - veterans of the fighting in Western Europe - had professional training, mastered their weapons perfectly and their cooperation in combat conditions within the various departments and units was closely coordinated. These factors made the Wehrmacht a well-tuned war machine, compensating for the low number of its tanks, aircraft and artillery systems. In all these indicators, the Red Army had a significant quantitative advantage, and in the case of tanks and artillery, it also had a qualitative advantage.

    22.666
  • Ground combat operations in the Brest area in June 1941 I.

    Part I - On the road to war After the end of the First World War and the establishment of an independent Poland, the city of Brest-Litovsk became an integral part of the new state. In the Soviet-Polish war in 1920, Poland managed to repel the Red Army's attack and force it to retreat to the east. In this region, as in the whole of Europe, unstable peace prevailed for two decades, which grew into a latent international political crisis in the second half of the 1930s. Tensions in Europe were caused by political radicalization caused by Nazism and Communism. The bearers of these ideologies - Germany and the Soviet Union - were not satisfied with the power and territorial order after 1918 and sought to revise the Versailles system. The aggressive policies of these countries had a common denominator during this period, which was interested in changing the status quo in Europe.

    29.454
  • Ground combat operations in the Brest area in June 1941 II.

    II. Before the storm , during the first three weeks of June 1941, the headquarters of the Soviet 4th Army repeatedly reported to the staff of the Western Special Military District that German troops near the border were increasingly concentrating on the opposite bank of the Western Bug, building trenches and firing positions, building observation towers and on exposed sections of the terrain form camouflage walls and stretch camouflage nets. These reports emphasized that German planes were infiltrating Soviet airspace almost every day and conducting a survey.

    18.291
  • Ground combat operations in the Brest area in June 1941 III.

    III. part - Brest-Litovsk on fire One of the most important tactical tasks in the first phase of the offensive of the German 2nd Tank Group was the occupation of border bridges over the river Western Bug. Control of these bridges and preventing their destruction was the main precondition for the rapid and smooth progress of another attack into the depths of Soviet territory. There were 6 bridges in the vicinity of Brest-Litovsk (2 railway bridges - Brest-Litovsk and Semjatiče and 4 road - Drohičin, Kodeň, Domačevo, Vlodava).

    19.618
  • Ground combat operations in the Brest area in June 1941 IV.

    IV. part - The Truth About the Brest Fortress Soviet historiography always automatically began its description of the battles for the Brest Fortress by stating that this fortress was obsolete and did not meet the requirements of the military in the 1940s. These arguments are valid only to a certain extent, because although the fortress did not have the character of such modern fortifications as the French Maginot Line, it nevertheless represented a very strong fortification complex. Its fortifications provided sufficient protection against enemy artillery shelling, aerial bombardment and tank attacks. Protection far better than field positions and trenches. The problem, however, was that the Red Army command was planning an offensive and therefore no one was preparing the Brest Fortress for defense ...

    26.909
  • Decisive battle in the Carpathians

    At the turn of March and April 1915, the Carpathian front shook in the fighting of one of the most important battles of World War I. The Russian command concentrated all available forces in the Carpathians and launched a decisive offensive aimed at penetrating the interior of Austria-Hungary and eliminating it from the war. The most exposed section of the Carpathian front became the area between the valley of the river Laborec and the main ridge of the Carpathians, where Russian troops inflicted the strongest blows.

    26.528
  • List of the 15 most successful Soviet snipers

    12.387
  • Soviet perception of Germany's war preparations in the years 1940 - 1941

    It has been 65 years since the outbreak of the Soviet-German war in June 1941, but the events that preceded this conflict are still the subject of controversy among historians and the general public. One of the most pressing questions in these controversies concerns whether JV Stalin knew about A. Hitler's impending attack on the Soviet Union. In order to answer this question, it is first necessary to find out what specific information was available to Stalin and the Soviet political and military leadership in the period from the capitulation of France (June 22, 1940) to the outbreak of the Soviet-German war (June 22, 1941).

    27.172
  • Cooperation between NKVD and GESTAPO - myth or reality?

    In recent years, information about the cooperation of the repressive structures of the communist and Nazi regimes has become more and more frequent not only in the borderless areas of the Internet, but has also penetrated periodicals and popular science books. They have also appeared in foreign documentaries and television shows. In order to answer the question of whether it is a false fabrication or a long-hidden reality, it is necessary to become acquainted with the primary sources of this information. Only on the basis of their examination can we find out the truth about the cooperation of the Stalinist and Hitler security forces.

    30.724
  • Stalin 's war plans and the real causes of the defeats of the Red Army in 1941

    During his visit to Bratislava in September 2010, the prominent Russian historian Mark Solonin, the main representative of the so-called new wave in Russian military historiography, gave several interviews to media representatives, historians, and also gave two public lectures. The first lecture was given at the Slovak Society for Foreign Policy ( SFPA ) and dealt with the painful process of revising Soviet myths in the countries of the former Soviet bloc. The second, key topic was the results of his archival research on Stalin's offensive plans in the summer of 1941 and the causes of the defeats of the Red Army. At the heart of the lecture was the question of who was actually preparing for an offensive war after the great power agreement between Germany and the Soviet Union in August 1939? On September 20, 2010, M. Solonin acquainted the Slovak audience with the main theses of his scientific findings at the NATO Depository Library on Klariska Street in Bratislava. The lecture was held at the invitation of the Institute of the Memory of the Nation and in cooperation with the Center for Security Studies and the University Library. The text of the said lecture was authorized by M. Solonin.

    16.856
  • Eastern Front and the fighting in the Carpathians 1914

    Northeast Slovakia became the scene of heavy fighting in 1914–1915. As a result, 37,400 soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian, Russian and German armies, who are buried in 236 military cemeteries, fell or died as a result of injuries. These fighting took place in the broader strategic context of the Carpathian section of the Eastern Front. This section became the site of intensive combat operations, which influenced the further course of the First World War.

    74.162
  • Eastern Front and the fighting in the Carpathians 1915

    Northeast Slovakia became the scene of heavy fighting in the years 1914 - 1915. As a result, 37,400 soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian, Russian and German armies, who are buried in 236 military cemeteries, fell or died as a result of injuries. These fighting took place in the broader strategic context of the Carpathian section of the Eastern Front. This section became the site of intensive combat operations, which influenced the further course of the First World War.

    54.822
  • The forgotten battlefield in the Carpathians

    In November 1914, Russian troops first entered the territory of present-day Slovakia. General Kornilov and his 48th Infantry Division crossed the main Carpathian ridge and penetrated the valley of the river Ciroch to Snina and Humenné. The Austro-Hungarian command was forced to improvise and throw all available forces into the counterattack. During this operation, there were intense fighting in the area of the villages of Dara - Príslop - Kolbasov.

    27.765

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