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Vladimír Šilhán

Vladimír Šilhán

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  • Abraham Lincoln - a tragic death at the hands of an assassin

    Life story of the 16th President of the USA.

  • Admiral Pavel Stepanovich Nachimov

    Commander of the Russian naval and ground forces in the Battle of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.

  • Ahmad Sukarno

    Indonesian politician, founder and first president of Indonesia. Creator of the state ideology of pancasil, based on nationalism, Marxism and political Islam. The initiator of the international so-called Movement of Non-Participating Countries. During the Japanese occupation, he openly collaborated with the occupying power, but also cooperated with the resistance. Under his rule, the country waged a military conflict with Malaysia and withdrew from the United Nations.

  • Alexander I

    Alexander I was the emperor of Russia from 1801, the first king of Congress Poland from 1815, and the grand duke of Finland from 1809 to his death in 1825. He was the eldest son of Emperor Paul I and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg.

  • Alexander II

    He had a pro-constitutional mind and did not care much about his father's succession, but after his sudden death at the end of the Crimean War, he was faced with a done deal. On February 1, 1856, he summoned representatives of the Tsarist Advisory Council to the Winter Palace and asked them a single question: "To continue the war?" All answered in the negative. On March 18, 1856, the Tsar signed the Treaty of Paris, under which Russia returned to Turkey some territories in the Caucasus, Moldova, the Danube estuary and southern Bessarabia. Russia lost the right to the Black Sea Fleet until 1871.

  • Alexandra Fyodorovna Akimova - a heroine after 50 years

    The life story of an aviator of a night bomber regiment, who received the Gold Star of the hero until 50 years after the end of the war.

  • Alexandra M. Kollontaj

    Politician and diplomat

  • Army General Alois Liska

    Commander of Czechoslovak separate armored brigade in the UK

  • Army General Ing. Bohumír Lomský

    Chief of Staff of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in the USSR.

  • Esarhaddon

    Esarhaddon was the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from the death of his father Sennacherib in 681 BC to his own death in 669. The third king of the Sargonid dynasty, Esarhaddon is most famous for his conquest of Egypt in 671 BC, which made his empire the largest the world had ever seen, and for his reconstruction of Babylon, which had been destroyed by his father.

  • Brig. gen. Stanislaw Sosabowski

    Stanisław Franciszek Sosabowski was a Polish general in World War II. He fought in the Polish Campaign of 1939 and at the Battle of Arnhem (Netherlands), as a part of operation Market Garden, in 1944 as commander of the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade.

  • Brigadier General Ján Nálepka-Repkin

    Commander of the 1st czechoslovak partisan unit in the USSR

  • Tsar Boris III.

    tsar who established monarcho-fascism in Bulgaria.

  • Empress Catherine II. Great

    biography of the famous empress

  • Charles Lindbergh

    Lucky Lindy or The Lone Eagle was an American aviator, best known for his first solo flight over the Atlantic in 1927. He later joined the isolationists, who refused to enter the United States into World War II.

  • Emperor Meiji

    Emperor Meiji, also called Meiji the Great, was the 122nd emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession. Reigning from 13 February 1867 to his death, he was the first monarch of the Empire of Japan and presided over the Meiji era. He was the figurehead of the Meiji Restoration, a series of rapid changes that witnessed Japan's transformation from an isolationist, feudal state to an industrialized world power.

  • Francis II Holy Roman emperor

    Francis fought several wars with Napoleonic France, in which he recorded alternating gains and losses - but these were disproportionately more numerous. After losing the Battle of Austerlitz in December 1805, he had to cede Veneto, Dalmatia and Tyrol to the victor.

  • Emperor Sho-cu

    Or Chubilay, Kublai Khan, Genghis Khan's grandson, the Great Khan of the Mongols - a man who conquered China and founded the Yuan dynasty.

  • Douglas MacArthur

  • Edvard Beneš

    The president of the Czechoslovak republic

  • Fyodor K. Chegodaev

    Senior Sergeant Fyodor K. Chegodaev - sniper of the 595th Rifle Regiment of the 188th Rifle Division of the 11th Army of the Northwestern Front. He managed an unprecedented feat when he hit the pilot of a low-flying German plane with his precision rifle and sent him to the ground.

  • Franz Ferdinand of Austria

  • Generál Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte

    the Chilean president, who came to power in a coup against President Allend, who, with his left-wing reforms, led the Chilean economy to hyperinflation.

  • General Idi Amin Dada - President-Dictator


  • General Moshe Dayan

    He became famous for attacking Lydda with his battalion in the War of Independence (1948) to help stop the Egyptian attack, and in recognition of his abilities he was appointed commander of the Jerusalem Front (in August 1948).

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  • Major General Antonín Sochor

    Biography of the hero of the USSR.

  • Major General Josef Buršík

    Commander of the 2nd Battalion 1st Czechoslovak separate tank brigade in the USSR.

  • Major General Richard Tesarik

    Commander of the 3rd Tank Battalion 1st Czechoslovak separate tank brigade in the USSR.

  • Lieutenant General Vilém Sacher

    Commander of the Artillery of the 3rd Czechoslovak independent brigade in the USSR, writer.

  • Giuseppe Garibaldi

    Italian revolutionary and Hero of the Italian "risorgimenta" of the struggle for freedom and unification of Italy

  • Haile Selassie

    Haile Selassie was Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He rose to power as Regent Plenipotentiary of Ethiopia (Enderase) for Empress Zewditu from 1916. Haile Selassie is widely considered a defining figure in modern Ethiopian history, and the key figure of Rastafari, a religious movement in Jamaica that emerged shortly after he became emperor in the 1930s. He was a member of the Solomonic dynasty, which claims to trace lineage to Emperor Menelik I, believed to be the son of King Solomon and Makeda the Queen of Sheba.

  • Helen Khulman

    Intelligence officer of the Baltic Fleet, Hero of the Soviet Union. Imprisoned by the Estonian Nazis of the Omakaitse organization in Tart. She was interrogated and tortured, yet she did not reveal her mission or the Navy codes.

  • Heliodor Píka

    Biography and fate of this brave soldier.

  • Isabel la Católica de Castilla

    She was born on April 22, 1451 as the daughter of King John II. Of Castile and Isabella of Portugal. In 1469 she married Ferdinand, the successor to the Aragonese throne. She herself had to defend her claim to the Castilian throne against the relatives of her Portuguese mother, and in 1474 she ascended the throne as Isabel I.

  • Jacques Cartier - discoverer of Canada

    French sailor and discoverer, often referred to as the "discoverer of Canada". In the service of the King of France, he undertook three trips along the Canadian coast in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Cartier's voyage eventually led to France occupying this part of North America.

  • George I.

    George I. was king of Greece from 1863 to 1913. He was the great-grandfather of the British King Charles III and reigned the longest in modern Greek history. During his reign, he made numerous territorial gains and generally elevated Greece in international politics before World War I.

  • Joseph I, Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia and Hungary, Archduke of Austria

    After his accession, he surrounded himself with pragmatic politicians and diplomats who were to carry out extensive administrative and financial reforms of the monarchy. Joseph I was a proponent of mercantilism and began state intervention in the economy, particularly through tax breaks. His aim was to consolidate the emperor's position within the Roman Empire and to limit the power of the church, especially the Jesuit order.

  • Josip Broz Tito

    Tito was a god for the ordinary citizens of Yugoslavia. After his death, the contradictions flared up, which Tito suppressed, but he could not quench. Tito's personality can perhaps only be described, but so far even people in the former Yugoslavia cannot objectively evaluate him.

  • Captain Stepan Vajda

    Commander of the 4th Tank Company 1st Czechoslovak separate tank brigade in the USSR.

  • Captain Malvína Friedmannová-Fantová

    Commander of the Medical Patrol of the 1st Czechoslovak separate field battalion in the USSR and the very first woman to join the Czechoslovak foreign troops in the USSR.

  • Captain Valentina Biněvská-Lísková

    Biography of a member of our foreign army in the USSR.

  • Charlemagne

    Charlemagne or Charles the Great, a member of the Carolingian dynasty, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and was crowned as the Emperor of the Romans by the Papacy in 800. Charlemagne succeeded in uniting the majority of western and central Europe and was the first recognized emperor to rule from western Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire approximately three centuries earlier.

  • King of Bohemia and Hungary Vladislaus II.

    The eldest son of Polish King Casimir IV. and Eliška, granddaughter of Emperor Sigismund I of Luxembourg.

  • King Louis I of Hungary and Poland

    In Hungary, Louis was nicknamed the Great and is considered one of the most important rulers of the country. In domestic politics, he equalized the magnates and the Hungarian nobility with the so-called Decree Unicum issued on 11 December 1351 and founded the University of Pécs. He was never very popular in Poland, but among other things he led to the development of trade and prevented the disintegration of the kingdom.

  • Lyudmila Pavlichenko - the best sniper woman in the world

    The life story of the most successful sniper woman in the world.

  • Louis XVI

    He stepped onto the scaffolding and wanted to move forward to speak. It was explained to him that this was not possible. He allowed himself to be led to the place where they had tied him up, and cried aloud, "People, I am dying innocent!

  • Manuel de Godoy

    General Manuel de Álvarez de Faria Ríca Sanches Zarzosa Godoy - Spanish ally of Napoleon

  • Marat Ivanovich Kazej

    guerrilla intelligence, Hero of the Soviet Union - "pioneer"

  • Marcel Albert

    French World War II flying ace who flew for the air forces of the Vichy government and the Free French forces, and also for the Soviet Air Force and the Royal Air Force.

  • Marija Bočkarjova - Commander of the Women's Death Battalion

    A description of the varied life of the organizer of the first purely female battalion in the Russian army and one of the first women - army officers in the Russian Tsarist army.

  • Marlene Dietrich

    German-American actress and singer of German origin, a member of the US Army

  • Marshal of the Soviet Union Grigory I. Kulik

    After the end of the Civil War, he became an important military figure in the Red Army. He was arrested in 1950 and shot on August 24 after a staged trial.

  • Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail N. Tukhachevsky


  • Mikhail Bogdanovich Barclay de Tolly

    Imperial Russian soldier of Baltic German and Scottish origin, who was commander-in-chief and Minister of War of the Russian Empire during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 and the War of the Sixth Coalition. Barclay implemented a number of reforms during this time that improved supply system in the army, doubled the number of army troops, and implemented new combat training principles.

  • Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

    In 1944, young Mandela became a member of the African National Congress (ANC), which sought the right of black residents of the colony of South Africa to land ownership and full status. The Indian National Congress and its methods of nonviolent resistance, proclaimed by M. Gandhi, served as a model for them.

  • Otto von Bismarck

    CV of the German Chancellor

  • Philip Henry Sheridan

    No one but Grant and Sherman had more credit for winning the Civil War than he did. In 1876 he took part in the war with the Indians on the Red River. Then he made a well-known statement: "The only good Indian is a dead Indian."

  • Colonel Lydia Studnickova-Horalkova

    Radio operator of the 2nd Czechoslovak independent paratroop brigade in the USSR.

  • Colonel Marie Ljalková-Lastovecká

    Sniper of 1. Czechoslovak independent brigade in the USSR, nurse 1st Czechoslovak separate tank brigade.

  • Colonel Marie Pišlová-Kvapilová

    paramedic and radio operator 1. Czechoslovak Army Corps in the USSR

  • Colonel Lumír Pisarský

    Deputy Commander of the 3rd Tank Battalion 1st Czechoslovak separate tank brigade in the USSR

  • Lieutenant Colonel Marta (Chaviva) Reiková

    Member of the RAF and SOE, a prominent member of the Zionist movement.

  • Lieutenant Colonel Věra Tichá

    Medical officer of the Red Army, 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in the USSR, writer.

  • Colonel Tamara F. Konstantinova

    woman pilot of the squadron of the 999th Combat Air Regiment

  • Potatau I. (Tewherowhero)

    King of Maori (ca. 1800 - 1860)

  • Ottokar I

    The first Czech king who managed to inherit the royal title for his descendants as well.

  • Rudolf II., Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia and Hungary, Archduke of Austria

    In 1609, Rudolf II published under pressure from the Czech estates, the so-called Majesty of Emperor Rudolf II, guaranteeing religious freedom for the Unity of Brethren.

  • Sergei V. Petras

    Commander of the motorized battalion of submachine guns 1st Czechoslovak independent brigade in the USSR. One of the three holders of the seven War Cross 1939.

  • Staff Captain František Král

    Anti-tank battery commander II. Artillery Battalion of 1. Czechoslovak independent brigade in the USSR

  • St. Ignatius of Loyola

    founder of the Order of the Society of Jesus

  • Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski

    Generał Tadeusz Komorowski, better known by the name Bór-Komorowski was a Polish military leader. He was appointed commander in chief a day before the capitulation of the Warsaw Uprising and following World War II, 32nd Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Polish government-in-exile in London.

  • Teacher with a submachine gun in her hand

    The story of Jelena Kolesova, a primary school teacher who, at the head of a diversion group, carried out malicious work in the German back in the Minsk region. She was only 22 years old when she fell in battle. She was posthumously awarded the highest Soviet award - the Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union.


  • Ulysses Simpson Grant

    The 18th President of the United States and the famous general of the Civil War

  • V. K. Bljucher - Marshal of the Soviet union

    A biography of the man who fulfilled the proverb that every soldier wears a marshal's staff. His end is typical for the period of the late thirties in the USSR. As a member of the military tribunal, he participated in the illegal conviction of senior army officers. A few months later, he himself became a victim of purges.

  • Wenceslaus III.

    Czech, Polish and Hungarian king; the last ruler of the Přemyslid dynasty. He was the son of the Czech and Polish king Wenceslas II. and Gutha of Habsburg.

  • Wenceslaus IV

    Wenceslaus IV appears, especially in the German bibliography, as a lazy king and a drunkard, but this could be said of every other medieval ruler. The problems that eventually led to the outbreak of the Hussite wars were caused by social and climate change in Europe and began in the last years of Charles IV's reign.

  • The Grand Duke of Moscow Ivan III.

    Ivan III established diplomatic relations with many European states in order to open Russia to trade relations that had previously been hindered by Tatar rule. The international authority of the Russian state increased significantly when Ivan III refused to pay taxes to the Golden Horde and defeated its army in the autumn of 1476.

  • Zachary Taylor

    American military leader who served as the 12th president of the United States from 1849 until his death in 1850. Taylor previously was a career officer in the United States Army, rising to the rank of major general and becoming a national hero as a result of his victories in the Mexican–American War. As a result, he won election to the White House despite his vague political beliefs. His top priority as president was preserving the Union. He died sixteen months into his term, having made no progress on the most divisive issue in Congress, slavery.

  • Zoya A. Kosmodemyanskaya

    legendary guerrilla intelligence and heroine of the Soviet Union


Medals and awards

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Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)


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Hrdina SSSR

Orden de José Martí grado tercero

Orden de José Martí grado segundo

War Medal 1939-45

Coronation Medal

British Empire Medal

Air Force Medal

Pamětní mince

Croix de la Valeur Militaire

Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun IV

Suomen Leijonan II


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