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Wars in fomer Yugoslavia [1991-1999]


Brothers in arms

Characteristics and classification of the Slobodan Milošević regime in Serbia and an outline of comparison with the regime of Franjo Tudjman in Croatia

Czechs, gendarmes, Circassians, Churchill, or the Balkan War otherwise I.

This is not just about the harmony of the first syllable. Here is an explanation of what is happening in the Balkans from an unusual angle, which various European politicians avoid. They are either ill-informed, ie they could not look at certain information, or they are not sure how to behave. And the most convenient way is not to see missing pages or illogics in the archives.

Czechs, gendarmes, Circassians, Churchill, or the Balkan War otherwise II.

One ancient narrative, heard from the mouth of a grandmother in the village of Uljanik in the 1950s, in Czech Leňák, 30 km west of Daruvar, read as follows: A landless man named Kudrna set out in 1828 on a journey from Bohemia, near Pardubice , with a cart pulled by dogs to Slavonia. He came to the scene after three months. He liked the land. But he soon found out that the peasants were still hooking the land here, plowing the place. The blacksmiths were there, but none of these had seen the plow yet. And so Kudrna hitched the dogs to the cart again and, knowing the journey, arrived in his hometown in a month. Here he praised his new homeland and immediately 4 families went out with him. Of course with a plow. Agrarian reforms in Croatia in 1813 and 1850 made it possible for everyone to own land. The locals could not handle the money. And so it happened that a immigrant bought half a morning of land for a bottle of brandy, just like in America.

Czechs, gendarmes, Circassians, Churchill, or the Balkan War otherwise III.

Beneš's call, "Come to your old homeland, there is enough space", went through the Slavonian villages from mouth to mouth, and in the summer of 1947 Beneš submitted an official proposal in Belgrade to move all Czechs to their old homeland. These, trying hard to make an independent policy, rejected this because he saw that it was a dictation from London and Moscow.

Czechs, gendarmes, Circassians, Churchill, or the Balkan War otherwise V.

This day was Sunday. In the morning, a worker from " Dalit " - Czech - set out on a journey to the forest for mushrooms. On the way from Sirac to Pakra-Monastery, a few hundred meters behind the quarry, he left the car and entered the forest beside the road. One civilian, armed with a machine gun, shouted at him, " Stop! Stop! Back! "
A surprised and frightened friend of nature just stuttered: " I'm just going for mushrooms. "
" There are no mushrooms here. Here is a great Serbia. March home! "

Czechs, gendarmes, Circassians, Churchill, or the Balkan War otherwise VI.

If I dream of a world in which the price of an infantry mine includes the price of a prosthesis, as well as the price of a chewing gum includes the peeling it off the sidewalk, then it is not a utopia. A similar practice has long been practiced when buying a car and insuring for possible damage. And it didn't hurt the number of cars.

Deadly "Storm"

A literally bloody sun appeared in the east. A new day began on August 5, 1995. A mortar grenade, which landed on the observation post of Czech soldiers Tango 23, arrived like lightning from clear skies. Literally a whirlwind of shards immediately took its toll. Two Czech soldiers paid for it with their lives, three others were wounded. The line of Croatian fighters, as if nothing had happened at all, moved on. Operation " Storm " against troops of the Republika Srpska Krajina was drawing to a close. But let's look at this tragic moment in the history of the Army of the Czech Republic in more detail.

Insight into the history of Kosovo

Kosovo has been occupied by both Albanians and Serbs for several generations. Both sides use the interpretation of history to their advantage to justify their claims to this territory. Both sides do not hesitate to shed blood for this territory. Both sides make their version of everything visible and condemn what does not fit into it.

International justice

Neutralization techniques and perpetrators of international crimes: the case of the war in the former Yugoslavia Viktor Vodák's article is the first in a series of articles in which we want to approach and describe some phenomena, moments and institutes that can be generally included in public international law. For the most part, the articles concern international criminal law, international tribunals and international justice, but they also interfere with martial and humanitarian law, which can be a very national matter. Thematically, this series will present articles on drones from the perspective of international law, the attitudes of various countries towards the International Criminal Court or a text on rape as a tactic of war. The resulting series is therefore rather interdisciplinary in nature, as it sometimes views the issue through a legal prism, while other times it looks from a criminological, political science or security and strategic studies. The team of authors together with the participating students of the Faculty of Law of Masaryk University wish you a pleasant and perhaps instructive reading in the future. IUDEX AEQUITATEM SEMPER SPECTARE DEBET.

It's time to say goodbye

The broken gates of the hissing cemetery come out of the fog at the last minute. Without a guide, we would probably get lost. None of us would find this remote corner of Kosovo, one of the last untouched enclaves in the peace of Kosovo Serbs resting here.

The Ten Day War

Slovenia's independence was declared on June 25, 1991. The day after, units of the Yugoslav People's Army from the 5th Military District set in motion ...

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1. The role of war in politics

Since ancient times, the main task of the monarch has been not only to defend his state from the attacks of others, but especially to conquer foreign territory and contribute to the well-being of his citizens by the slaves, arable land and property thus acquired. For centuries, war has been seen as the main and legitimate function of government and as an effective method of resolving disputes. The government was considered successful if it was able to wage wars and, above all, win them.

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 2. The Balkans and the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Balkans have always been considered a highly unstable region. Due to its location at the crossroads of various cultural influences, the local area often changed owners and the locals subsequently changed their traditions. Even today, the Balkans continue to be the dreaded European " barrel of gunpowder " as it has been called throughout the 20th century.

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 3. Post-conflict reconstruction and contemporary BiH

The war was characterized by extraordinary cruelty, literally everyone against everyone. Serbs and Croats united against the Muslims, then the Croats joined the Muslims against the Serbs, and so the balance of power changed throughout the war. After such experience, it is clear that getting these three groups to work together to build a new common functioning state will be extremely difficult, if not impossible. Strong nationalist sentiment and distrust of others still prevail among nations. Political parties that contributed to the civil war with their nationalist propaganda continue to be highly popular in the elections.

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Conclusion

We can define war as a conflict in the resolution of which violence is used. War has always been an important means by which states sought to achieve their political goals. The prioritization of peaceful settlement of disputes is currently evident especially in developed countries, where institutes for peace research and non-violent conflict resolution and various international organizations are being established for this purpose. Despite the fact that the main organization, whose main goal is the maintenance of world peace, the UN, has 192 members and thus unites practically all countries of the world, the idea of world peace still remains a mere utopia.

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Introduction

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina ended almost fourteen years ago. However, it would be wrong to think that the problem there has been completely and definitively solved, as the system on which post-war BiH is built seems too complicated to be permanent and stable. Some authors even argue that the resumption of armed conflict is not only likely, but even inevitable, within a decade.




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