Main Menu
User Menu

Military history website

USA (USA)

Articles

American war, European peace

Analysis of the relationship between Europe and the USA and their attitude to the fight against terrorism. Although a year and a half old, this article is far too current!

Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003

Introduction In March 2003, US troops entered Iraq to conduct Operation Iraqi Freedom to overthrow Saddam Hussein's regime. The event came to public attention as the war in Iraq. It took place during the presidency of George Walker Bush in the so-called war on terror, or terrorism, which was adopted in response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. It declared retaliation not only to terrorist groups but also to regimes financially or otherwise supporting these groups. The terrorist group Al-Qaeda was blamed for the September attacks, with Afghanistan as one of its training centers and the refuge of group leader Osama bin Laden as the main target of this new form of American foreign policy. However, President GW Bush's speeches on the state of the Union before the US Congress have shown that he will not be left with Afghanistan alone.

Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003

1. Identifying the Causes of War In the first place, in the search for the causes of the Iraq war, the US attempts to demonstrate political and military power by overthrowing the Taliban government in Afghanistan and then overthrowing Saddam Hussein from Iraq. The impetus for these two military operations ( Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom ) was the terrorist attacks carried out under the leadership of the al-Qaeda terrorist group on September 11, 2001. Jan Hallenberg and Håkan Karlsson explained why Iraq was chosen as the second target of the invasion by hated ”Saddam's regime has been in the US interest for a long time, but it was not until the 9/11 attacks that it was possible. In addition, the invasion of Iraq provided another opportunity to demonstrate American strength and readiness to defend its dominant position in the international system.

Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003

2. The security causes of the war in Iraq The 9/11 attacks have shown that no country is inviolable, and that a superpower like the United States is no exception. By exposing their vulnerability, the image of a strong state capable of protecting its people from danger was also distorted. There was a situation where Americans began to wonder why they had been hit by the "Black September" tragedy and the state and government had an answer. It was necessary to show the world that although the US terrorist attacks hit hard, the country was ready to face enemies and able to defend the security of the American people, and the response to the attacks was to demonstrate American strength, willingness to go to war, and intimidation of other potential enemies.

Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003

3. Political Causes of the War in Iraq The victory of both the Cold War and the Gulf War evoked a sense of unwavering security in American society, when any threat to the American national interest or the American population itself seemed almost impossible. It was not until the tragedy of 9/11 that this illusion of absolute security was broken. The loss of that certainty brought about by America's past successes in foreign policy has allowed the New Approach to the Middle East to come to the forefront, where it could hardly get earlier due to a lack of public support.

Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003

Conclusion The most frequently mentioned reason for the invasion of Iraq by the US government was the security threat posed by Saddam Hussein through possible cooperation with the al-Qaeda terrorist group and the ownership and development of weapons of mass destruction. However, the investigation of the international inspection teams did not provide direct evidence of the veracity of these allegations, so this most frequently stated reason seems to be relatively unreliable.

Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003

In March 2003, US troops entered Iraq to conduct Operation Iraqi Freedom to overthrow Saddam Hussein's regime. The event came to public attention as the war in Iraq. It took place during the presidency of George Walker Bush in the so-called war on terror, or terrorism, which was adopted in response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. It declared retaliation not only to terrorist groups but also to regimes financially or otherwise supporting these groups. The terrorist group Al-Qaeda was blamed for the September attacks, with Afghanistan as one of its training centers and the refuge of group leader Osama bin Laden as the main target of this new form of American foreign policy. However, President GW Bush's speeches on the state of the Union before the US Congress have shown that he will not be left with Afghanistan alone.

Area 51

As then, there are legends today. Writing about them is not easy, because often there is only a thin line between what is true of them and what are just ideas. In ancient times, these myths and legends were about gods and heroes who spread the glory of their nations around the world. Today, these heroes have almost disappeared and been replaced by other mythological characters. And not just you. Today, a number of places and areas of the planet, which man has embellished or made more mysterious than anything else in the world, have developed into the imaginary pedestal of mythology.

Argentine - American relations during the military junta

Introduction The military junta in Argentina took power in March 1976 after the overthrow of Isabel Martinez de Perón, also nicknamed Isabelita, the widow of Juan Domigo Perón Maria Estela. The main cause of military intervention was the very unfavorable economic situation combined with political instability, which resulted in the rise of politically motivated violence. Immediately after coming to power, the armed forces decided to launch the so-called Process of National Reorganization, the aim of which was to restructure the state, society and the economy through neoliberal economic reforms applied in accordance with the principles of market monetarism.

Argentine - American relations during the military junta

1. Alternation of civilian and military governments in the modern history of Argentina Argentina, originally an overseas colony of the Spanish crown, declared independence from Spain in 1810. Already during the first years of independence the country experienced a civil war, from 1826 to 1828. whose intention was to gain more decision-making powers, which until then had been concentrated in the main province of Buenos Aires. Unitarians, supporters of a strong central government, and federalists opposed each other, pushing for an even distribution of power between central and provincial governments.

Argentine - American relations during the military junta (1976-1983)

The military junta in Argentina took power in March 1976 after the overthrow of the widow of Juan Domigo Perón Maria Estela Isabel Martinez de Perón, also nicknamed Isabelita. The main cause of military intervention was the very unfavorable economic situation combined with political instability, which resulted in the rise of politically motivated violence. Immediately after coming to power, the armed forces decided to launch the so-called Process of National Reorganization, the aim of which was to restructure the state, society and the economy through neoliberal economic reforms applied in accordance with the principles of market monetarism.

Argentine - American relations during the military junta: 2. Development of bilateral relations

Latin America has long been in the background in terms of US national interests. It was not until the 20th century, when the US position as a regional hegemon could be threatened, that the area began to become more important. South and Central America were probably the subject of the best-known foreign policy measure, the so-called Monroe Doctrine, which stated that if any non-US state engaged on the American continent, it would pose a threat to US security. Therefore, the United States needed to become more prominent in the region.

Argentine - American relations during the military junta: 3. The reign of Jorge Rafael Videla

The new regime was welcomed mainly by industrialists, exporters, financiers and the upper class, who longed to regain influence over the country's rule after the reign of Perón and his successors. The main enemies of the new regime were considered left-wing activists, workers and the lower middle class, who were described by government officials as divers and terrorists. So the new leadership of the country declared war on them, for which the term "Dirty War" was generally used.

Argentine - American relations during the military junta: Conclusion

A change of government with the help of a military coup has been very common in Argentina's recent history. It was often the only way to stop the abuse of power by the ruling elites. The more or less positive attitude of citizens to military intervention in the country's leadership and respect for the army changed with the last military dictatorship, called the Process of National Reorganization. During their reign, the army abused its power to suppress any manifestations of opposition. Respecting the law and respecting fundamental human rights has become an empty concept. Many innocent people have been abducted, arrested or disappeared and tortured without the perpetrators of these crimes being punished.

Challenges and opportunities for the Obama administration in Afghanistan

Human history counts several thousand serious armed conflicts and the myriad of those that, according to generally accepted criteria - that there is an armed conflict with at least 1000 casualties in 1 year - are not included in this number. The Briand-Kellogg Pact was signed in Paris on August 27, 1928, by several nation states, making history as the first international treaty in which participating states condemned war as a means of resolving international disputes and as a tool of state policy.

Challenges and opportunities for the Obama administration in Afghanistan: 1. Foreign policy

1. Foreign Policy A comparison of the foreign policy of the United States in Afghanistan and the region of Central and South Asia under the presidency of George W. Bush and Barack H. Obama. The following explanation presents the main goals of their foreign policies, priorities, resources used, the number of military contingents, cooperation with other states within international organizations and agreements, the main enemies and allies, media reflections on the conflict, etc.

Challenges and opportunities for the Obama administration in Afghanistan: 2. Analysis of history

2. An analysis of the history of Afghanistan and the search for the causes of today's problems A country that has more mountains than people, a country called "the place where empires die ". A country where one superpower has sunk in the sands and the other sees no prospects. A country of civil war, continuing for more than 30 years. This is Afghanistan, a place where mistakes are repeated.

Challenges and opportunities for the Obama administration in Afghanistan: 3. Cooperation of Asian states

3. Asian cooperation in Afghanistan US policy in the region has never been consistent or guided by a holistic strategy. In contrast, policymakers in Washington have always responded to events inside or next to Afghanistan, and appropriate measures have been taken after assessing the gravity of the situation and its impact on US regional or global interests.

Challenges and opportunities for the Obama administration in Afghanistan: 4. Ways of possible development

4. Ways of possible development of Afghanistan The war in Afghanistan has been going on for 10 years, last year over a thousand civilians died as a result of insurgent attacks. [260] The Taliban has recently been betting on an asymmetric war in the form of terrorism ( more and more suicide bombings ). Recent analyst reports and ratings do not sound good at all. UN Deputy Special Representative for Afghanistan R. Watkins said security in Afghanistan was at its worst since the fall of the Taliban, with UN staff barely able to enter 40% of the country, including Kandahar and the south-eastern regions.

Challenges and opportunities for the Obama administration in Afghanistan: An Introduction

Introduction Human history counts several thousand serious armed conflicts and the myriad of those that, according to generally accepted criteria - that there is an armed conflict with at least 1000 casualties in 1 year - are not included in this number. The Briand-Kellogg Pact was signed in Paris on August 27, 1928, by several nation states, making history as the first international treaty in which participating states condemned war as a means of resolving international disputes and as a tool of state policy.

Challenges and opportunities for the Obama administration in Afghanistan: Conclusion

Conclusion Today, we must deal with conflicts that cannot be resolved either quickly or painlessly. Like the conflicts in the North Caucasus, Africa, Israel, Yugoslavia and many other places, the situation in Afghanistan is more than complicated. If we can abstract from the populist statements made by the United States or the Afghan government, we may see that the problem is being solved, but at an insufficient pace.

Crips & Bloods: the African-american gangs in Los Angeles

This work will deal with the phenomenon of street gangs in the USA. Specifically, they will be African-American rival street gangs Crips & Bloods. The beginnings of their operation fall into the period 60.-70. In the years of the 20th century and during their development, these purely street gangs became large groups of street thugs, whose range of criminal activities ranged from street fighting, through the production and trade of narcotics, to targeted and planned murders of enemies. The number of members in these gangs today is in the tens of thousands across the United States. They often control entire neighborhoods, so it's no surprise that many security forces are in search.

Current US foreign policy in the Middle East peace process

1. US policy and the Israeli-Palestinian peace process Although the United States was involved in the Middle East before World War II, it did not begin to pursue a more active policy in the region until after the end of World War II. However, only since the 1960s can we speak of a "special relationship" between the United States and Israel, which continues to last until today. There are more answers to the question of where the roots of the important relationship between the two countries come from. East after 1945 can be explained on the one hand by the interest in oil, later also by anti-communism and the struggle for spheres of influence within the bipolarism characteristic of the Cold War.

Current US foreign policy in the Middle East peace process

Introduction When we say Middle East today, everyone is probably reminded of the revolution in Egypt, the uprising in Syria, or the fighting in Libya. The Middle East is currently a symbol of the unrest and revolts that could bring about changes in the policies of these Arab countries in the coming years. In connection with the crisis in the Arab world, there is also talk of the future of a small country that has been fighting for its existence since its inception - the future of the State of Israel.

Current US foreign policy in the Middle East peace process

2. Israel and the USA - a special relationship Relations between the United States and Israel have been exceptional since the establishment of the State of Israel. Since the 1960s, there has even been talk of a so-called special relationship, which exists between the two countries and has no analogues in the world. For decades, the two countries have maintained strong bilateral relations based on several factors - common strategic goals in the Middle East (eg Iran, Syria or Islamic extremism), sharing democratic values and historical roots dating back to the very founding of the State of Israel.

Current US foreign policy in the Middle East peace process

3. The Obama administration in the peace process The Obama administration in 2009 was faced with a difficult task during the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Bush's attempts to end the disputes, presented by the Annapol Conference, were in ruins, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert would be forced to resign due to allegations of corruption, and a war broke out in Gaza just before Obama's inauguration.

Current US foreign policy in the Middle East peace process

When we say Middle East today, everyone is probably reminded of the revolution in Egypt, the uprising in Syria, or the fighting in Libya. The Middle East is currently a symbol of the unrest and revolts that could bring about changes in the policies of these Arab countries in the coming years. In connection with the crisis in the Arab world, there is also talk of the future of a small country that has been fighting for its existence since its inception - the future of the State of Israel.

Development of the American economy during World War II

Introduction The Second World War and most of the ensuing conflicts showed us that it is primarily air superiority that has a major impact on the end result of massive armed conflicts. On the example of aviation and the industry associated with it, I will approach the basic factors of the development of American economic development towards post-war dominance.

Development of the American economy during World War II

1 The pre-war state of the United States of America The economic situation in the United States was still not very positive at the end of the 1930s. The government failed to fully eliminate the problems arising from the Great Depression, which began in the autumn of 1929. President Roosevelt's New Deal, with which he took office in 1933, marked a significant change in the role of the state in a market economy. These changes were further supported by John Meynard Keynes' newly emerging economic theory, published in 1936 in The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.

Development of the American economy during World War II

2. The course of US assistance to its main allies In this chapter, I will examine how the US has influenced its allies with its supplies of materials, equipment and weapons. Probably the best-known example of such assistance was the Lend-Lease program, but even before its creation and approval, the United States helped Britain and France to face the Nazi threat. Who was the main supporter of the assistance and what problems and obstacles did the approval and later course of the program have to deal with are further questions to be answered. We can therefore distinguish two periods of US assistance - before the approval of the Loan and Lease program and after the approval of this program.

Development of the American economy during World War II

3. Institutional organization of the US war effort The transformation of the economy into a war effort is not an easy task. Without a proper plan, the effort can become too chaotic and very ineffective. In this chapter, I will deal with the institutions and authorities that were involved in the transition to war production. There were many institutions, some lasting for years and others disappearing within a few months, their fields very often overlapping, so it is not easy to determine which was the most important in that area.

Development of the American economy during World War II

4. Building the aeronautical defense industry Sufficiently productive industrial production is a key factor for success in a modern war. After the not very successful 1930s, American industry faced a new challenge - to ensure sufficient production not only for the civilian sector, but above all to arm the United States itself. What methods of financing were used for the development of the industry, who were the owners and operators of the new factories? How the development took place in the aviation industry, whether there were significant problems affecting production. So what values of production were achieved? I will address these issues in this chapter.

Development of the American economy during World War II

Conclusion The sharp deterioration of the international situation after 1938 put US officials in a difficult situation. It was clear on this front that the possible continued expansion of Germany in connection with Japan could lead to a threat to American interests and positions. On the domestic front, the situation was perceived differently. An isolationist view prevailed throughout American society.

Development of the American economy during World War II

As a topic of my bachelor's thesis, I chose the war economy of the United States of America (USA) during the Second World War. Because such a range is very wide, I focused on one of the most key industries, the aerospace industry. World War II and most of the ensuing conflicts have shown us that it is primarily air superiority that has a major impact on the end result of massive armed conflicts. On the example of aviation and the industry associated with it, I will approach the basic factors of the development of American economic development towards post-war dominance.

Euro-American entropy

Entropy is the loss of energy and the gradual disintegration of the system. It is what the next developmental stage of the system follows, which follows the climax of society, which is no longer able to sustain itself with the change of influences and disappears. But how to prevent entropy? It can be easily avoided to find a solution. This solution arises quite often from a discussion on this topic.

Is the American air power in danger of collapsing?

To the majority of the population in the Czech Republic, when reading this headline, it must come to mind that it is a kind of oxymoron. Over the past two decades, the US Air Force has become a persistent symbol of the world's only superpower. However, this article wants to show the whole thing in a slightly different light. In particular, it is the problems both on the part of the USAF and the growing capabilities of its opponents that may disrupt the overwhelming dominance of American forces in the future.

Jewish Lobby and American Foreign Policy

For more than half a century, the Middle East has been a source of constant and unceasing tension in world politics. It is a region where different cultures and religions meet. Three important world religions have their roots in this region. For these reasons, the Middle East is considered to be the frontier on which the Western (Judeo-Christian) and Eastern (Muslim) civilizations meet. The thesis of the clash of civilizations becomes important in connection with the development of globalization after the end of the Cold War. Until then, it was more of a clash between Jews and Arabs, respectively. Jews and Muslims.

Jewish Lobby and American Foreign Policy: 3. The War in Iraq

The war in Iraq is very often interpreted as a war for oil, or a war for the interests of a military-industrial complex. It is possible that these frequently mentioned interests have also been taken into account. However, the so-called "oil lobby" is not considered the strongest in Congress and does not pursue such broad political goals as the war against states. Moreover, the war in Iraq is not in the interests of oil companies. War always means instability and it is not good for any business. This war also does not contribute to good US relations with the Gulf states. If oil companies lobbied for anything in this area, it was probably an improvement in relations with Iraq and Iran and the establishment of normal trade relations, without any regard for human rights. For example, France, which was one of the vocal critics of the US attack on Saddam's regime, had its oil interests in Iraq, and it could be said that French policy rather than the US was the result of an oil lobby.

Jewish Lobby and American Foreign Policy: An Introduction

For more than half a century, the Middle East has been a source of constant and unceasing tension in world politics. It is a region where different cultures and religions meet. Three important world religions have their roots in this region. For these reasons, the Middle East is considered to be the frontier on which the Western (Judeo-Christian) and Eastern (Muslim) civilizations meet. The thesis of the clash of civilizations becomes important in connection with the development of globalization after the end of the Cold War. Until then, it was more of a clash between Jews and Arabs, respectively, Jews and Muslims.

Jewish Lobby and American Foreign Policy: Conclusion

The war in Iraq also shows the limitations of the superpower. Americans are not willing to persist in a conflict in the long run, in which they do not even know why. This does not mean that America does not have the means to do so, but it does not have the will to do so. The departure of Americans from Iraq without stabilizing the situation can have very negative consequences and security risks for Israel. The current situation in Iraq thus allows us to predict future scenarios.

Pearl Harbor

On November 26, 1941, a battle group of six Japanese aircraft carriers and their escorts set out from Hitokappu Bay ( Kuril Islands ). There were over four hundred planes on board. The task was: to destroy all the United States fleet, which will be located on December 7, 1941, at the main American base in the Pacific in the Hawaiian Islands in the port of Pearl Harbor.

Secessionism in Texas

Texas is the only American state to have won independence on its own. It was originally a Mexican territory, in which the number of American settlers increased sharply at the beginning of the 19th century. However, the Texas Revolution in 1835-1836 definitively ended the Mexican dominion. The result was the creation of the Republic of Texas, which existed independently for 10 years.

The American Pacific Century?

In her article published this month in Foreign Affairs, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called this century and the coming decades in American foreign policy a Pacific era. According to her, this region will become a key engine of global politics in the coming years, and the message to the whole world ( and primarily to Beijing ) is clear - Washington will be there.

The Bush administration's strategy towards Iraq 2003-2008

The war in Iraq has become one of the most controversial wars of modern times, whether in terms of the reasons for starting the war or its course. Due to the extent of American involvement and later complications, the " Vietnam syndrome " began to surface, and the way the United States acted strongly discredited its superpower status in the eyes of the world community.

The Bush administration's strategy towards Iraq 2003-2008: 1. Introduction

The war in Iraq has become one of the most controversial wars of modern times, whether in terms of the reasons for starting the war or its course. Due to the extent of American involvement and later complications, the " Vietnam syndrome " began to surface, and the way the United States acted strongly discredited its superpower status in the eyes of the world community.

The Bush administration's strategy towards Iraq 2003-2008: 2. Iraqi freedom

The work of the George W. Bush administration was radically affected by the events of September 11, 2001, which marked a rather large milestone in the approach to international events. The response to these events was a military attack on Afghanistan, the war on terrorism was defined and the axis of evil was identified as a group of states supporting terrorism and the development of weapons of mass destruction.

The Bush administration's strategy towards Iraq 2003-2008: 3. Reconstruction of Iraq

The first phase consisted of a military attack by Allied troops, mostly American, to occupy the Iraqi capital and overthrow Saddam Hussein. Using state-of-the-art military technology and the perfect interplay of navy, air force and ground forces, there has been clear success, very rare in military campaigns, considering that Baghdad, Saddam's Stalingrad, fell just twenty-one days after military operations began, even though Iraq had nearly 400,000 troops, equipped with thousands of tanks, armored vehicles and artillery compared to almost half of the Allied army. The whole campaign was surrounded by circumstances that apparently led John Keegan, a military analyst, to label the first chapter of his book on these events as "The Mysterious War ."

The Bush administration's strategy towards Iraq 2003-2008: 4. Conclusion

Assessing the war in Iraq and the subsequent developments, which are very exceptional in their complexity and specifics, is extremely difficult, all the more so as Iraq's " hot " soil has not yet cooled completely. However, what we can say with certainty now is that the naive ideas of the neoconservatives about the transformation of Iraq, and therefore of the entire Middle East, have certainly not been fulfilled.

The clutches of the American eagle I

Of all the armed forces of the West, the US military has the shortest and, I dare say, the strangest history. Usually, the armed forces go down in history through battle, and the strangeness of the American military begins with the fact that in the battle, which dates back to the beginning of the North American military, this army did not fight at all, because it did not exist yet.

The clutches of the American eagle II

The militia system of the army, which the United States preferred after its inception, did not allow the creation of a unified rear service. When war broke out with the Seminoles in Florida in 1818, engineering units had to be decommissioned to supply field units because civilian contractors failed to fulfill contracts. This led War Minister Calhoun to put pressure on Congress to release funds for intendant administration ...

The clutches of the American eagle III

At the end of the 19th century, the United States found itself in a special position. The country had no external enemy, after the defeat of Mexico, other American states recognized it as a hegemon, and the long sea borders were protected by the British navy. Due to mineral wealth, which also included oil on the list (fields in California and Texas), the US government had no ambition to gain control of foreign resources. This led to the fact that there was no strategy, no concept of defense, no plans against potential adversaries, that is, everything that was a matter of course in Europe ...

The clutches of the American eagle IV

At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the United States resembled a sleepily contented boa constrictor. The success of the US Navy in the Spanish-American War opened the bag to Congress, and T. Roosevelt had no problem raising funds for the construction of new heavy units of the fleet. Suddenly, everyone seemed to understand the importance of the ocean fleet in the sense of the Mahan Doctrine - it was evident that the British fleet did not intend to cover the new US overseas economic interests of the Philippines, Cuba and Puerto Rico, although it de facto still ensured US security.

The clutches of the American eagle V

An armistice in November 1918 put the United States in a role with which it had no experience. Day by day, they became the world's leading power, and President Wilson, with his 14 points, took the lead in organizing post-war Europe ...

The clutches of the American eagle VI

Until World War II ended, President Roosevelt anxiously avoided any negotiations on postwar borders or state institutions. In December 1941, when he was badly oppressed, Stalin wanted to act and would allow the return of eastern Poland and the evacuation of the Baltic countries, but with the Red Army's advance to the west, his willingness faded to zero.

The clutches of the American eagle VII

If one can think of a specific date in which the United States became the first superpower of the modern world and gained strategic control over it, it is December 8, 1991, when the USSR was formally abolished - a global adversary with which it maintained for more than 40 years power balance ...

The economic situation of the USSR during the 1941-42 and allied help of the Lend-Lease - part 1.

The first part of a series devoted to the impact of Lend-Lease aid on the USSR's war effort, which seeks to answer the basic question - "How beneficial was this aid to the USSR?" According to most, the Soviet Union would have defeated Germany without this help. Is it probably clear that this information flows mainly from the ranks of communist historians, however, what is the reality?

The economic situation of the USSR during the 1941-42 and allied help of the Lend-Lease - part 10.

Part 10 of a series on the impact of Lend-Lease aid on the USSR's war effort. "The Soviet Union would not be able to do without a supply of Allied aircraft in a critical situation!" "Aircraft deliveries accounted for only 2% of all machines for the Soviet Union."
These are just two of the overall views on the issue of aircraft supply within Lend Lease. But what are the real data and dates for 1941 and 1942?

The economic situation of the USSR during the 1941-42 and allied help of the Lend-Lease - part 11.

Part 11 of a series on the impact of Lend-Lease aid on the USSR's war effort.
"The Soviet Union would not be able to do without a supply of Allied aircraft in a critical situation!" "Aircraft deliveries accounted for only 2% of all machines for the Soviet Union."
These are just two of the overall views on the issue of aircraft supply within Lend Lease. But what are the real data and dates for 1941 and 1942?

The economic situation of the USSR during the 1941-42 and allied help of the Lend-Lease - part 13.

The thirteenth part of a series on the impact of Lend-Lease's aid on the USSR's war effort, trying to uncover the fundamental question - what effects did LL and beyond have ever had on the state budget, and did the Soviets ever pay for massive supplies from the Allies? To this day, both issues are interpreted very creatively by lay people ( eg political commentators ), politicians and historians.

The economic situation of the USSR during the 1941-42 and allied help of the Lend-Lease - part 2.

The second part of a series devoted to the impact of Lend-Lease's aid on the USSR's war effort to answer the basic question - "What was the mood among the population?" Was the population in favor of the ruling regime, and in 1941 and 1942 everyone fought "fiercely" for the Motherland, or was the mood much more complicated by the plurality of opinions?

The economic situation of the USSR during the 1941-42 and allied help of the Lend-Lease - part 3.

The third part of a series devoted to the impact of Lend-Lease aid on the USSR's war effort, which seeks to answer the fundamental question - "How critical was food aid to the USSR?" According to most, the Soviet Union would have defeated Germany without this help. It is probably clear that this information flows mainly from the ranks of communist historians, but what is the reality?

The economic situation of the USSR during the 1941-42 and allied help of the Lend-Lease - part 5.

The fifth part of a series on the impact of Lend-Lease aid on the USSR's war effort, which seeks to answer the fundamental question: " How critical was technological aid to the USSR? “A very little mentioned part of Lend-Lease's help, which in my opinion was one of the very important, but still not very visible parts of the program!
... To be continued ...

The economic situation of the USSR during the 1941-42 and allied help of the Lend-Lease - part 6.

The sixth part of a series devoted to the impact of Lend-Lease's aid on the USSR's war effort, which seeks to answer the basic question: "How critical was aid to logistics for the USSR?" Very often analyzed chapter especially with regard to the supply of trucks, but slightly neglected in the section devoted to railways and overall railway infrastructure.

The influence of the Jewish diaspora in the United States on american foreign policy towards the Israeli-palestinian conflict

Introduction The aim of this work is primarily to analyze the bilateral relationship - the United States versus Israel - and to find the main reasons for this " special relationship ", which has become one of the basic principles of US policy towards the Middle East region. This principle has been in place since the 1960s, and American foreign policy is based on it to this day. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States became the only major player in the region, and most Arab states today see the country as the only player capable of significantly influencing Israeli policy.

The influence of the Jewish diaspora in the United States on american foreign policy towards the Israeli-palestinian conflict

1. Theoretical introduction The first part of this work entitled "Theoretical introduction" will deal mainly with the theory of the diaspora, the way of its origin, the characteristics of the diaspora and also the concepts that relate to the Jewish diaspora. In order to deal in more detail with the issue of the influence of the Jewish diaspora on US foreign policy, it is first necessary to realize how this diaspora originated and why its scope in the United States is so unique. I will therefore focus on the oldest history of the Jewish state, the pitfalls the Jewish nation had to overcome in order to settle in its "Promised Land," and finally the expulsion by the Romans in the first century AD, which resulted in the definitive expulsion of Jews from their homeland and the nearly two thousand years of exile and dispersal in the diaspora. I will also address the question of the influence of the Jewish diaspora on international relations and its position in relation to Israel. I would like to conclude the conclusion of this section with a more detailed study of the origin of the diaspora in the United States of America and its formation into its current form.

The influence of the Jewish diaspora in the United States on american foreign policy towards the Israeli-palestinian conflict

3. American Foreign Policy and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict In 1948, President Truman announced support for the creation of Israel on Palestinian territory, and since then Israel has held a special place in the hearts and minds of many Americans, Jews, and others. The myths that surrounded this state, as well as the tragedies of the Holocaust, played a major role in creating the so-called " special relationship " between the United States and Israel.

The influence of the Jewish diaspora in the United States on american foreign policy towards the Israeli-palestinian conflict

Conclusion Throughout their history, Jews as a nation have been accompanied by a number of different controversies and conflicts, which have made them a very determined, united and firm nation in the faith. Their belief that they were a nation chosen by God led them to feel a superiority over other nations. The land of Israel has always been sacred to them, and it has been very difficult for them to lose it throughout history. The expulsion of the Jews by the Romans in 70 AD meant an unimaginable catastrophe for the whole nation, and the Jewish nation was dispersed throughout the world. From this moment, the Jewish diaspora began to take shape. From the beginning, especially in the surrounding states, where the political conditions were favorable and where Jews were allowed to start a new life. Later, Jews began to move mainly to Western Europe. However, with the strengthening of Christianity, the situation is beginning to escalate here as well, and growing anti-Semitism is forcing Jews to look for their place elsewhere.

The influence of the Jewish diaspora in the United States on american foreign policy towards the Israeli-palestinian conflict

The main goal of this work is to analyze the bilateral relationship - the United States versus Israel - and to find the main reasons for this "special relationship", which has become one of the basic principles of US policy towards the Middle East. This principle has been applied since the 1960s After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States became the only major player in the region, and most Arab states today see it as the only player capable of significantly influencing Israeli policy.

US-Israeli relations

The United States was the first country to recognize the newly formed Israel. The United States did not initially side with Israel as the most important ally, but circumstances have developed to make the United States the most important ally in Israel in all walks of life.

US-Israeli relations: 1 Introduction

In 2008, several million Jews and their supporters celebrated the 60th anniversary of the founding of the state of Israel. In a few decades, Israel has crossed such enormous milestones in its history as few other states. From the beginning, its existence from the point of view of other states in the region was undesirable, even unacceptable. How has this tiny state ( in some places only nine kilometers wide ) managed to survive to this day?

US-Israeli relations: 2 Historical determinants of the relationship

The exceptional US-Israeli partnership has evolved throughout the existence of an independent Jewish state, and the complete foundations of a sense of alliance go back a long way. The following pages are devoted to the analysis of the basic common values of these two states, I also deal with a cross-section of the history of the US-Israeli alliance and the most important moments that have taken bilateral relations to another level. The scope of my bachelor's thesis does not allow me to deal in detail with every conflict, war or peace conference that took place. By mentioning them, I just want to indicate the importance and frequency of American involvement in the peace process. The last part is devoted to the vision of the Middle East from the perspective of the current American president.

US-Israeli relations: 3 Mutual alliances in various areas

Until 1962, the United States supported Israel only economically, in terms of the development of the state itself. During this period, moderate military aid also began. Throughout the period, the United States has also supported Israel in the field of diplomacy, and in recent decades it has united in the fight against terrorism. In the following chapter, I describe the basic facts and events that have taken place in individual areas and have had an impact on the further development of mutual relations.

US-Israeli relations: 4 Conclusion

Ms Albright believes that in the speech of each newly elected president, Israel will certainly be described as the only democracy in the region and as the only ally in the fight against terrorism. According to her, every newly elected president promises that America will always stand by the side of Israel. " But be aware that in the Middle East, they heard your every word as clearly as in America. "It simply came to our notice then. Through the Jewish lobby, Israel was very aware of every political change in the United States.

USA: Thinking about possible disasters

Even the most stubborn critics of George W. Bush have difficulty denying him the fact that after the catastrophe of September 11, 2001, nothing like that happened on American soil - unlike the explosive state of affairs in London or Madrid. The desired result was undoubtedly due to measures vehemently cursed by human rights defenders at any destructive cost. Thanks to legal measures - especially the Patriot Act, for example to make it easier to eavesdrop on our enemies - Islamic fundamentalists have not marched much here yet.
But the new President Barack Hussein Obama has guaranteed us several times during a successful election campaign that he will destroy those successful innovations and by not only improving America's reputation in the world, but also contributing to its security ....

Topics

Subcategories

States

Districts

Industry

Military Objects

Fortifications

Museums

banner 1 top banner 5 top banner 6 top

Budget

Our budget for 2020 : 85.000,- CZK Income so far : 46.948,- CZK

♡ Donate

Looking for new colleagues!

Our web armedconflicts.com / valka.cz keeps looking for new colleagues, who are interested in military history and are willing to join our ranks, to help with content, coordination and control, administration tasks and other. Please join us and help us create content for others as well as for ourselves :)

Join us!