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Poland (POL)


Holasic area

Holasicko, surely many of you will be wondering where to look for this area? This is an area in the northeast of the Czech Republic around the city of Opava (Opava, Krnov and Hlučín regions) and the adjacent area in the north, today located in Poland.

Lower Moravia

Lower Moravia today has nothing to do with today's Moravia. Lower Moravia, this little-known name (the name is mentioned in the book by Lubomír E. Havlík: Chronicle of Great Moravia, published in 1993), was once called the area on the lower left bank of the Morava River, namely the territory of today's Slovakia, southern Poland (northern Poland). Orava and northern Spiš, which until 1918 were part of Hungary and then Poland) and northern Hungary (Matra and Bükk mountains and the Tokaj wine region). Lower Moravia has always been a part of our Czech state in certain periods.


Nisko is the only territory of Lower Silesia that is now part of the Czech Republic. Its territory coincides with today's Jeseník district. In the north it is formed by lowlands, which for their fertility are called Slezská Hana, in the south and west by the mountains Rychlebský and Jeseníky.

Prisoner of war and internment camps in Poland in the years 1919 - 1924

The defeat of the military bloc of the Central Powers marked the end of the Great War, later referred to as World War I, for the peoples of Europe. As a result, Austria-Hungary disintegrated, new independent states emerged in Central Europe (Poland and Czechoslovakia), and a revolution broke out in Germany and the fall of the empire. Following the end of the war, European governments were able to address the problems caused by the long-running global conflict.


Silesia, which is now part of the Czech state, is a historically wonderful conglomeration of originally disparate former vassal and other territories, namely the former duchy of Těšín, the duchy of Opava, the principalities of Krnov, Hlučín, the Moravian enclaves and the principality of Nis, ie the remnants of Czech expansion to the northeast.

The seven-day war with Poland (1919)

Shortly after the founding of Czechoslovakia in October 1918, a dispute arose over the Těšín region with neighboring Poland. Although the borders of the young republic were internationally recognized by the states of the Agreement and it was a Czech historical territory, Poland did not intend to accept it and after the disintegration of Austria-Hungary occupied this territory militarily. At the same time, the coal wealth of this area and the need to secure coal for Czechoslovakia also played a significant role.

Uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto

One of the many questions related to the Holocaust is why the Jews did not defend themselves? Respectively, why did they not show more resistance to the Nazi genocide? For many, it is difficult to understand why, under the circumstances, the Jews did not revolt and show more violent resistance; due to numerical predominance, eg in concentration camps. There are several reasons. On the one hand, it was a deadly crime to help the Jewish population in any way, so it was very difficult to obtain weapons. Furthermore, any manifestation of resistance has resulted in exemplary revenge on a much wider target group than just resistance actors. The absence of armed protests by the Jews was not a matter of moral motives, but rather a consideration of " lesser and greater evil ." Nevertheless, we can find exceptions. One of them is the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto, which has become a symbol of national pride and the courage to stand up to an incomparably stronger adversary, despite the slim chance of success.






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