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Radim Kapavík

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  • 1st Punic War I

    When the entire Apennine Peninsula came under Roman rule, the spheres of interest of Rome and Carthage intersected, dominating virtually the entire western Mediterranean and the adjacent coast. The power struggle of these two ancient state units lasted over a hundred years, during which there were three wars called Punic wars. The story of the first of them begins with the Mamertins, a rather strange group of Sicilians who had nothing to do with Rome or Carthage - except that they dragged these powers into a protracted war.

  • 1st Punic War II

    Fighting in Sicily ( 264 BC - 261 BC )

  • 1st Punic War III

    War at Sea (260 BC - 257 BC)

  • 1st Punic War IV

    Fighting in Africa (256 BC - 255 BC)

  • 1st Punic War V

    Fighting in Sicily (254 BC - 249 BC)

  • 1st Punic War VI

    The last phase of the fighting (248 BC - 241 BC)

  • 1st Punic War VII

    Consequences of war, conclusion.

  • 11.11.2011 - Olomouc - Memorial act at the Černovír military cemetery and international conference on war graves

    Invitation to the event of the association Signum belli 1914

  • Anthony Robert Eden

    Minister of the British War Cabinet for WWII and then Prime Minister.

  • Appius Claudius Caudex

    Consul Appius Claudius Caudex. Like many of his participants, only much is known about this man's life in connection with his involvement in the First Punic War, which is relatively extensively described in the sources.

  • Austerlitz 2005

    a short report on the reconstruction of the Battle of Austerlitz on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the Battle of the Three Emperors.

  • Battle of Lissa July 20, 1866

    In the War of 1866, Austria and its German allies, on the one hand, and Prussia and its German allies, together with Italy, on the other, faced each other. Although the decisive clash took place on the northern battlefield, near Hradec Králové, the naval clash that took place on the island of Lissa ( now Vis ) on the southern battlefield was more important for Austrian-Italian relations than the battle of Hradec Králové.

  • Mašín brothers - the facts

    A brief summary of the facts about the more controversial actions of the Mašín brothers during their resistance activities against the communist regime in the first half of the 1950s.

  • Chamberlain to the nation on September 3, 1939

  • Chamberlain to the nation after the annexation of Austria March 24, 1938

    I will now turn to a situation that we are particularly interested in this afternoon. His Majesty's Government has expressed the view that recent events in Austria have created a new situation, and we consider it appropriate to state the conclusions to which our reflections on these events have led us.

  • Churchill address to the nation after the evacuation of Dunquerke 4.6.1940

    Our efforts will not stop or falter. We will fight to the end. We will fight in France and in the seas and oceans; we will fight in the air with increasing force and confidence. We will defend our island at all costs; we will fight on beaches, landing sites, in fields, in the streets and in the hills.

  • Emperor Gaius Caligula

    Biography of another of the Roman rulers

  • Falklands 1982

    Ten-week undeclared war between Argentina and the United Kingdom in 1982 over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and its territorial dependency, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

  • The Franco-German treaty of truce 22.6.1940

    The surrender of France in Compiegne

  • Gaius Iulius Caesar Germanicus Caligula

    In 17 AD, Germanicus celebrated his triumph in Rome (avenged Varr's failure in Germany)

  • Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek

    Curriculum vitae of the longtime President of the Republic of China (Taiwan).

  • Hamilkar Barak

    As a member of one of the most important families of Carthage, Hamilkar was destined to pursue a career as a politician and military leader. It is first mentioned in sources when in 247 BC he became commander of the Carthaginian forces in Sicily, where after many years of fighting in the first Punic war of Carthage, only the ports of Drepana and Lylibaeum, both besieged by the Romans, remained.

  • Hanno the Elder

    We do not know much about Hanno the Elder, as well as about a large part of the Carthaginian commanders who participated in the First Punic War. He was the son of Hannibal Gisco and he enters the scene of the First Punic War at its beginning (summer 264 BC). Either he was in Sicily when the war began and took command of the army sent from Africa at Acregauntum (a Carthaginian allied city) after the Romans had expelled the Carthaginian garrison from Messana and taken the city themselves, or he arrived in Sicily with that army. In any case, he made an alliance with the traditional Carthaginian enemy (and Roman ally) Hieron of Syracuse and marched with the Syracusans to Messana to retake it. When he refused the Roman ultimatum, the Roman consul Appius Claudius Caudex declared war on Carthage - thus officially beginning the First Punic War.

  • Hitler to the army 1.9.1939

    World War II begins

  • Hitler to the nation on September 3, 1939

    Another of A. Hitler's speeches, shortly after the outbreak of World War II

  • Hitler in Obersalzberg to sign the German-Soviet Pact on August 24, 1939

    The decision to attack Poland was made in the spring. Originally, there were fears that due to the political situation we would have to strike at the same time against England, France, Russia and Poland. We could not afford such a risk. Göring showed us that his four-year plan would fail and that we would be on the brink of strength if we did not win in the coming war.

  • Hitler's decree to hand over command to the Wehrmacht

    From now on, I personally take command of the entire Wehrmacht.

  • Karel Bednařík

    I had the honor to meet in person at a discussion organized by the Jakub Škoda Grammar School in Přerov, with one of the Czechoslovak pilots participating in World War II in the ranks of the RAF. Therefore, I will try to supplement the biography of this man with information and interesting facts that I heard at this discussion.

  • Carthaginian commander Hannibal Gisco

    Commander of the Carthaginian fleet during the First Punic War. He was crucified for his unsuccessful defense of Sardinia.

  • priest Ambrož Hradecký

    When the Hussite movement began to develop in the Czech lands, its most significant manifestation was the gatherings of people in various mountains to preach. Such gatherings took place, for example, on the site of the later Tábor or in northern Bohemia on Oreb, where they were led by the priest Ambrož.

  • Blood, toil, tears and sweat

    Churchill to the nation 5/19/1940

  • Ladislav Rašín

    I swore allegiance to the Czechoslovak Republic and I will remain loyal to it until my death.

  • Lubomír Jasínek

    On October 24, 1942, he was dropped with Závorka and Srazil near Kopidln in the Jičín region. He became involved in the group's activities and managed to successfully establish contact with London. Due to the activities of the confederates Čurda and Nachtmann, the Gestapo managed to track Jasinek and Závorka down in Rovensko pod Troskami. Here, on 15 January 1943, the Gestapo surrounded them at the swimming pool in the house of the lifeguard Lukeš.

  • Marcus Atilius Regulus

    Marcus Atilius Regulus is another of a number of historical figures who appear on the stage of history during the first Punic War and whose life we know practically nothing about. In the case of Regulus, all we know is that in 267 BC he was consul and celebrated his triumph for conquering Brundisum.

  • Memorandum of the German Ambassador in Madrid regarding the entry of Spain into the war on August 8, 1940

    Operation: Gibraltar

  • The youth of T. G. Masaryk

    or from Tomáš Masaryk to Tomáš Garrigu Masaryk.

  • Munich Agreement

    Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy, in view of the agreement already reached on the withdrawal of the Sudetenland from Germany, have agreed on the following conditions for such withdrawal and the measures resulting therefrom ...

  • Mława

    Recently, the seventieth anniversary of the September 1938 events leading to the abandonment of the Czechoslovak border and its extradition to Hitler's Germany without a fight passed. On the occasion of the perpetual discussion on " we should have defended ourselves ", which the anniversary unleashed again, I decided to write this brief article on the Polish defense of the fortified area near Mława from September 1939, which offers many parallels with the situation of Czechoslovakia a year earlier and its military. options.

  • German-Soviet non-aggression pact 23.8.1939

    The Government of the German Reich and The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics desirous of strengthening the cause of peace between Germany and the U.S.S.R., and proceeding from the fundamental provisions of the Neutrality Agreement concluded in April, 1926 between Germany and the U.S.S.R., have reached the following Agreement ...

  • Rewards and honors in the Roman army

    An integral part of the military environment is the habit of rewarding especially brave deeds with awards that certainly provide the wearer with both real benefits and moral credit. A similar practice was known to the ancient Romans.

  • Přerov Uprising on May 1, 1945

    The town of Přerov has been an important Moravian railway junction since the second half of the 19th century. As a result, its strategic importance to the German occupiers was considerable. Especially in a situation where World War II was coming to an end and the Germans tried to evacuate as many soldiers, civilians of German nationality and property from the reach of the Red Army to the west, to areas occupied by the American and British armies. Virtually all railway routes from Moravia to Bohemia passed through Přerov; In Bohemia, Prague was a similarly important railway junction - this is the main reason why the German command decided to unconditionally keep these two strategic cities in power for as long as possible, preferably until the end of the war. In both places, brave insurgents tried to stop them.

  • Nazi takeover of Germany (1930-1934)

    On 30 January 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of the German Reich, and this date is therefore considered the moment when the Nazis took power in Germany. However, the path from republic to dictatorship is not so simple and the process of taking power took place over a longer period.

  • World War I - Part 1: Formation of Alliances (1870-1907)

    The first part of a series on the origin and course of the First World War.

  • World War I - Part 2: The Road to War (1907 - July 1914)

    Road to war (1907 - July 1914).

  • World War I - Part 3: Beginning of the war, war plans (July - August 1914)

    Beginning of the war, war plans ( July-August 1914 ).

  • World War I - Part 4: Great Maneuvers (August - December 1914)

    Great maneuvers (August-December 1914).

  • World War I - Part 5: Hardening (1915)

    Hardening (1915).

  • World War I - Part 6

    Titanic Duel (1916).

  • World War I - part 7

    From the last breath (1917)

  • World War I - Part 8

    Decision (1918).

  • World War I - Part 9


    ... In 1929 comes the world economic crisis, which will only exacerbate all problems, and the world is heading for another world war ...

  • Ptolemaios I. Soter

    Alexander's general, king of Egypt

  • Ptolemaios II. Philadelphos

    Ptolemy II he was the son of one of the generals of Alexander the Great, Ptolemy, who after Alexander's death became the ruler of conquered Egypt. In many ways, he was the opposite of his father - he was more interested in science and art than in war, to which the fact that he received an education from Strabo, one of the most important representatives of Aristotle's school of philosophy, certainly contributed greatly.

  • Publius Claudius Pulcher

    With half the Roman fleet from Lylibai (124 ships), with 10,000 fresh troops on board, the consul decided to unexpectedly attack Carthaginian Admiral Adherbal in another Sicilian Carthaginian port of Drepan, which at the time had only about 60 vessels at its disposal.

  • The Roman calendar as the basis of today's calendar

    In this article I will discuss the Roman calendar in relation to the calendar of today. The aim is not to give an exhaustive description of the Roman calendar, but to try to explain the origins of some things that we take so much for granted that we hardly think about them - for example, why the year begins on the first of January, why the months are called what they are called in many of the world's languages, why February has 28 days, why July and August have 31 days, even though they are right after each other in the calendar, why a leap day is added to February once every four years...

  • Roman gladiators

    Gladiators are a component of Roman culture, which is probably the most widespread in the general consciousness of ancient Rome. There are innumerable myths and half-truths about gladiators that some of us have encountered, perhaps unknowingly. This article tries to deal with gladiators during the Roman Republic without mythization and, if possible, without distortion, although with such a large lapse of time it is difficult to bring real facts to light from under the deposits of legends. I can only promise that I tried to do it as best I could.

  • Chamberlein's radio speech on the declaration of war on Germany on September 3, 1939

    This morning, the British ambassador in Berlin handed over a final note to the German government, stating that if we did not receive a guarantee from it within 11 o'clock that it was ready to withdraw troops from Poland immediately, a state of war would be declared between our countries. I must now inform you that no such commitment has been made, and as a result, this country is at war with Germany.

  • The Russian countryside or why Stalin collectivized agriculture

    A brief outline of the situation of the Russian countryside at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, which led to one of the greatest crimes of the Bolshevik regime - the violent collectivization of the peasantry.

  • 1956 Sinai War

    The plan for the Sinai campaign was adopted by the Israelis in early October 1956, and its main goal was to put an end to terrorist incursions into Israel from Egyptian territory and force Egypt to end the blockade of the port of Eilat. However, after a secret agreement with Britain and France, the plans were amended on October 25 so that the Israelis, in agreement with them, could get as close as possible to the Suez Canal ...

  • The directive for the exercise plan on river Weser - conquest of Norway and Denmark 1.3.1940

    The development of the situation in Scandinavia requires that all preparations be made for the occupation of Denmark and Norway by parts of the German armed forces. This operation should prevent British intervention in Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea; it should also provide us with a supply of ore from Sweden and give our navy and air force a wider boarding area against Britain.

  • Guidelines for the Green Plan - Conquest of Czechoslovakia May 30, 1938

    It is my unchangeable decision to break Czechoslovakia militarily in the near future. It is the task of the political leadership to wait or bring the right moment from both a political and a military point of view.

  • The allied corps in the Roman army

    The Roman army was the best in the world at the time. Above all, it allowed a small city-state to grow into a vast empire. The organization of the Roman army was complicated and gradually evolving; In this brief article, I will focus on the role of the so-called Allied Corps in the Roman army.

  • The terrorist attack on the USA 9/11/2001

    On 11.9. In 2001, an event took place that affected almost the entire world and, although we do not realize it, it spoke to the lives of many of us. There were suicide airstrikes on US targets in live television. The aim of this article is not only to recall the course of events, which most of us remember in outline, but mainly to show not so notorious connections.

  • Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

    There is an inexhaustible number of Masaryk's biographies, political and personal, Czech and foreign, abroad, celebratory and critical, extensive and concise. There is no point in adding another, notabene brief one to them. Nevertheless, on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of the founding of Czechoslovakia, I wanted to commemorate Masaryk. In the end, this intention took the form of two articles, which I try to show - each time from a different angle - that the personality of Tomáš Garrigu Masaryk is extremely interesting. While in this text I have tried to show some of the best known and most profaned chapters of his life in contexts that are forgotten over time, in the other I have turned to the part of his life that is least known - his childhood and youth. I wanted to show the conditions in which he grew up and matured, what shaped his personality at an early age, where many of his later attitudes, opinions and beliefs stem, and last but not least, that he was a man of flesh and blood like the rest of us.

  • Crucifixion

    The crucifixion was one of the most cruel punishments in Rome, and it is associated with one of the most important figures in world history - Jesus Christ was crucified, among other things. However, there are several myths and half-truths about the crucifixion; This article seeks to present the real facts about this brutal punishment.

  • Development of the Roman Republican Establishment (1)

    When the Romans expelled their last king, Tarquinius Superba ( 510 or 509 BC ), Rome became a republic governed by elected officials.

  • Development of the Roman Republican Establishment (2)

    The foundations of the structure of the republic already existed at the end of the royal period. They were created by what we call the " reforms of Servius Tullia " - they are attributed to the penultimate Roman king Servius Tullius.

  • Development of the Roman Republican Establishment (3)

    All three types of people's assembly passed into the republic unchanged. The Comitia curiata , the oldest of them, lost almost all its power through the " Tullio reform " and was maintained rather out of tradition.

  • Development of the Roman Republican Establishment (4)

    The basic engine of the development of Roman society in the earliest times was the unequal position of patricians and plebeians. While the patricians ruled on most state affairs, the plebeians were personally free but subordinate citizens of the Roman Republic.

  • Development of the Roman Republican Establishment (5)

    Given that the plebeians could also have been military tribunes, it seems that the establishment of tribunes was a temporary solution to the internal crisis. In 438 BC, however, the Romans reached for him again, this time all year round, and from 434 BC, when the tribune again took office instead of consuls, until 367 BC, the election of regular consuls was the exception.

  • Development of the Roman Republican Establishment (6)

    The state system, which arose from a complex period of internal disputes, already formed the basis of what is called the high ( or classical ) Roman Republic. From 287 BC, after the civil riots (the last Art Nouveau ), all differences between the plebeians and patricians were officially erased through Lex Hortensia , which for the most part only legally recognized the factual situation.

  • Development of the Roman Republican Establishment (7)

    Roman Republic around 100 BC

  • Remembrance of Petr Vintar Zlesák

    Not so long ago, on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of this server, I mentioned that the most valuable thing you can get from it are friends.


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Za službu v zahraničí

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Čs. medaile za vítězství WW1

Pamětní odznak VS AČR



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Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse (1914)

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Coronation Medal

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