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Martin Smíšek

Martin Smíšek

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LKW 10t mil gl

The LKW 10t mil gl truck is an off-road vehicle designed to transport passengers and payload up to a maximum weight of 11,600 kg.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 1.246

UTF 5t 6x6 and UTF 15t 8x8

Off-road trucks designed for the transport of passengers and payload with a payload category of 5,000 kg (UTF 5t 6x6) or 15,000 kg (UTF 15t 8x8). The vehicles come from the UTF (Ungeschützte Transportfahrzeug) series, which replaces the MAN Category I series vehicles (LKW 5t mil gl, LKW 7t mil gl, LKW 10t mil gl) in the armament of the German Bundeswehr.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 1.402

28.10.2018 - Military parade in Prague

Photo gallery from the military parade on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the founding of Czechoslovakia, Prague 28.10.2018
🕔︎ 30.10.2018 👁︎ 4.532

2K11 Krug

NATO code: SA-4 Ganef
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 94.343

2K12 Kub / SA-6 Gainful

Anti-aircraft missile kit from the ACR armament. The 2K12 Kub short-range anti-aircraft missile complex (NATO code SA-6 Gainful) is a mobile device designed for the air defense of important objects and groupings of ground troops against air attack.

🕔︎ 13.11.2006 👁︎ 18.935

2S7 Pion

The self-propelled gun 2S7 caliber 203 mm is one of the largest armored vehicles included in the armament of the Soviet army. In the second half of the 1980s, these machines also served in the ranks of Czechoslovak People's Army
🕔︎ 14.09.2003 👁︎ 61.205

96K6 Pancir S-1

The AA system is designed for air defense of small military and industrial facilities, units and units of ground troops, as well as to strengthen existing groups of air defense troops to ensure the destruction of targets at low altitudes using high-precision weapons of the enemy.

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 5.323

9K52 Luna-M

Tactical missile complex
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 95.055

9K714 Oka

NATO code: SS-23 Spider.
🕔︎ 23.07.2003 👁︎ 96.523

9K79 Tochka

NATO code: SS-21 Scarab.

🕔︎ 23.07.2003 👁︎ 148.769

A-31 Spec

The vehicle on the Avia 31 chassis with the DA-12 chassis is designed for transporting the climbing rescue group, material and technical means for rescuing people and carrying out safety work at heights and above free depth.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 1.527


In 1994, the Armée de l'Air awarded contracts to French armaments companies to carry out preliminary feasibility studies for new anti-ground guided munitions usable in difficult weather conditions. Less than 15 years later, the results of the French effort were felt first hand by Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan.
🕔︎ 25.09.2012 👁︎ 19.037


The vehicles were deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom, where they were to perform decontamination tasks if the Iraqi military used weapons of mass destruction. After the occupation of Iraq by coalition troops, it finally supplied drinking water to the population of the Iraqi city of Basra.

🕔︎ 21.10.2020 👁︎ 4.035

AD 20.2

The AD 20.2 mobile crane is designed for construction and assembly work even in difficult terrain. In the version for the Czech army it is built on the Tatra 815-280R21 25 270 6x6.2 chassis with a three-piece telescopic boom and a truss extension. For the needs of the Czech Armed Forces, it is also equipped with a recovery winch with 10 t rope tension and a special Z20LRT container hitch.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 2.137

Aero L-159 ALCA

Single-seat light multi-purpose tactical fighter and two-seat light advanced training-combat aircraft.
🕔︎ 25.08.2003 👁︎ 58.873


At the time of its creation, this missile was one of the most controversial weapons projects of the US Armed Forces. Eventually, it became the most effective anti-aircraft missile in the post-Gulf War period. Since 2008, AIM-120 are also introduced in the Czech Air Force.
🕔︎ 20.09.2003 👁︎ 50.347

AIM-7 Sparrow

Monograph of an American anti-aircraft missile.
🕔︎ 22.10.2009 👁︎ 9.013

AIM-9 Sidewinder

Anti-aircraft guided missile, which has on its account for 270 victories.
🕔︎ 23.02.2009 👁︎ 10.354


Bridgelayer car
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 53.830

AM-50 EX

The AM-50 EX bridge truck is designed to bridge dry and water obstacles for the transport of equipment with parameters in MLC 50 (Military Load Classification) in accordance with STANAG 2021. For this purpose, it uses a bonded bridge structure, which allows seamless connection of individual M-50 EX bridge spans.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 228

AM-70 (bridge car)

The AM-70 bridge car is designed for bridging dry and water obstacles for the needs of transporting equipment with parameters in MLC 70 (Military Load Classification) according to STANAG 2021. To do this, it uses a guided bridge structure, which allows seamless connection of individual bridge fields. The bridge car is equipped with a bulldozer blade, which is designed for landscaping for the construction of the bridge and for the modification of access roads.

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 4.256

AM-70 EX

Bridge car
🕔︎ 29.06.2019 👁︎ 3.706


French armoured fighting vehicle manufactured by Nexter Systems for armoured reconnaissance purposes. Equipping French cavalry units since 1981, over 240 remained in service with the French Army in 2021. 108 units were sold to Morocco and 12 to Qatar. "RC" stands for "Roues-Canon", meaning "wheeled gun". The vehicle can be described as a wheeled tank destroyer. It has also been described as a light tank, though its classification as a tank has been disputed; it is described by the term "char" (tank) in French service.

🕔︎ 15.03.2023 👁︎ 3.395


The AMX-40 was a French main battle tank developed by GIAT during the latter stages of the Cold War as an export tank to replace the earlier AMX-32. Designed to be an inexpensive tank orientated towards militaries with smaller defence budgets, the AMX-40 featured a lightly armoured hull and good mobility reminiscent of previous French MBTs with a powerful 120 mm cannon. It however failed to attract interest and sales, rendering the project a failure, being discontinued in 1990.

🕔︎ 27.12.2021 👁︎ 5.034


In the early 1950s, the French army placed demands for a new armored vehicle to transport infantry. The result of the efforts of French designers was the AMX-VCI type, which is directly based on the AMX-13 light tank.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.349

AN/AVQ-10 Pave Knife

Container designed to search for ground targets, their tracking and irradiation for guiding bombs with a laser guidance system during combat operations during the day.
🕔︎ 09.01.2008 👁︎ 15.207


The ARTHUR mobile radar system is a means of detecting and locating enemy artillery fire and providing early warning of friendly troops from enemy artillery fire.

🕔︎ 11.10.2022 👁︎ 3.303


The ASCOD (Austrian Spanish Cooperation Development) armoured fighting vehicle family is the product of a cooperation agreement between Austrian Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG and Spanish General Dynamics Santa Bárbara Sistemas (both companies are now divisions of a unit of General Dynamics). The ASCOD family includes the LT 105 light tank equipped with a 105 mm gun, a surface-to-air missile launcher, an anti-tank guided missile launcher, mortar carrier, R&R vehicle, command and control vehicle, ambulance, artillery observer, and the AIFV model.

🕔︎ 22.10.2023 👁︎ 1.208

Ask Czech soldiers from the PRT in Logar

On Tuesday, September 1, 2009, from 8 pm, you will have the opportunity to ask questions online at the discussion forum of the 2nd Airborne Company of the 43rd Airborne Mechanized Battalion, which currently serves as part of the 3rd ACR PRT Logar contingent in eastern Afghanistan. More information in this article.
🕔︎ 05.08.2009 👁︎ 7.513


In 1980, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France concluded a memorandum of understanding, in which countries shared competencies in the development and production of a new generation of anti-aircraft missiles. While the US was to focus on a medium-range radar-guided missile, which eventually became the AIM-120 AMRAAM, European states received a short-range missile, which was assigned the designation AIM-132 ASRAAM.
🕔︎ 09.03.2013 👁︎ 21.156


Chassis intended as a carrier for special superstructures of military use weighing 16,900 kg with a total permissible vehicle weight of 29,000 kg. The vehicle is equipped with ISO 1C container rails. ATX6 was designed within the cooperation between the Czech company Tatra and the American Navistar International (formerly International Harvester).

🕔︎ 31.03.2021 👁︎ 4.065


Flatbed all-terrain truck designed to transport 16 people and cargo up to a maximum weight of 21,100 kg.

🕔︎ 31.03.2021 👁︎ 4.299

Avia A60

The Avia A60 trucks were delivered in both flatbed and box versions for the needs of units and facilities under the Ministry of Defence. However, due to the significant expansion of the older generation of A21 and A31 trucks, they were procured in very limited quantities. Among their users was, for example, the Office of Operations and Services of the Ministry of Defence, in whose ranks the Avia A70 type also served. The heavier A75 was operated by the Agency of Communication and Information Systems or the Litomerice Metering Institute, a subordinate of the Military Intelligence Service, which provided "signal intelligence" on its behalf.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 6.271

Bison Mortar Carrier

A self-propelled mortar based on the Bison armoured personnel carrier, an 81 mm mortar was mounted.

🕔︎ 26.06.2023 👁︎ 1.543


Monograph of the British cluster bomb Hunting Engeneering.
🕔︎ 09.01.2008 👁︎ 12.141


The BMP-3 is a Soviet and Russian infantry fighting vehicle, successor to the BMP-1 and BMP-2. The abbreviation BMP stands for Boevaya Mashina Pekhoty (Боевая Машина Пехоты, literally "infantry combat vehicle"). It features new armour, turret, armament and modern technical elements. The vehicle has an automatic defence system for searching and destroying anti-tank guided missiles and can be equipped with reactive armour. Like its predecessors, it is amphibious and can move in water at a speed of 10 km/h.

🕔︎ 14.08.2023 👁︎ 2.076

Bombardier Outlander MAX 800

The first Outlander MAX 800 ATVs introduced in the Ministry of Defense of the Czech Republic appeared in the armament of the Military Police Special Operations Unit. They were put into operation due to the upcoming deployment in Afghanistan in the province of Helmand, which began in May 2007. The Outlander MAX 800 was selected after comparison with a competing ATV from the American company Polaris.

🕔︎ 09.04.2021 👁︎ 3.662

BPzV Svatava

Combat reconnaissance vehicle BPzV Svatava is an amphibious reconnaissance vehicle designed to conduct independent reconnaissance or combat activities in the rear of the enemy.
🕔︎ 04.03.2015 👁︎ 8.896

BPzV Svatava

Combat reconnaissance vehicle BPzV Svatava is an amphibious reconnaissance vehicle designed to conduct independent reconnaissance or combat activities in the rear of the opponent.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.023


Soviet infantry fighting vehicle BMP-1 manufactured under Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.708


Soviet infantry fighting vehicle BMP-2 manufactured under Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.169

CAESAR 8x8 for the Army of the Czech Republic

Self-propelled there howitzer CAESAR 8x8 has been selected as the replacement for the outdated howitzer vz. 77 DANA introduced in the arsenal 13th Artillery Regiment.

🕔︎ 07.06.2020 👁︎ 7.469


CAS is designed to intervene in traffic accidents, technical accidents, environmental accidents and to assist in combat and training activities of troops where there is an increased risk of fire.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 969

Centauro B1

Centauro B1 is a wheeled armored vehicle designed to destroy enemy armored vehicles and to conduct separate reconnaissance operations in the enemy's territory.
🕔︎ 02.01.2006 👁︎ 11.987


Monograph of the French anti-aircraft missile system,
🕔︎ 21.12.2007 👁︎ 11.008


The Combat Vehicle 90 (CV90; Sw. Stridsfordon 90, Strf90) is a family of Swedish tracked combat vehicles designed by Sweden's Defence Materiel Administration (Försvarets Materielverk, FMV), Hägglunds and Bofors during the mid-1980s to early 1990s, entering service in Sweden in the mid-1990s. The CV90 platform design has continuously evolved in steps from Mk0 to current MkIV with advances in technology and in response to changing battlefield requirements. The Swedish version of the main infantry fighting vehicle is fitted with a turret from Bofors that is equipped with a 40 mm Bofors autocannon. Export versions are fitted with Hägglunds E-series turrets, armed with either a 30 mm Mk44 or a 35 mm Bushmaster autocannon.

🕔︎ 28.06.2022 👁︎ 6.568


Modernization of the self-propelled gun howitzer vz. 77 DANA with the aim of extending its life cycle and increasing its combat capabilities. Compared to the original type, the DANA-M1 CZ is characterized by higher firing accuracy, better vehicle handling and operational reliability.

🕔︎ 30.09.2022 👁︎ 3.394


Modernization of self-propelled cannon howitzer vz. 77 DANA with the aim of prolonging the life cycle and increasing its combat capabilities. Compared to the original type, it is characterized by higher accuracy of shooting, better controllability of the vehicle and reliability of operation. The device is based on the modernization of DANA-M1 CZ.

🕔︎ 09.10.2020 👁︎ 4.469

Dassault Mirage 2000D

The Mirage 2000D is based on the Mirage 2000N-K2, which was a strike version designed to conduct nuclear attacks using ASMP missiles. The need for a new strike aircraft was demonstrated by the experience of the 1991 Gulf War, in which the French Air Force participated. At that time, the French felt the lack of a powerful aircraft capable of destroying ground targets with precision munitions at night and in difficult weather conditions, a sort of equivalent of the US F-15E.

🕔︎ 08.04.2023 👁︎ 3.124

Dingo 2 CZ

Monograph of a light armored vehicle used by the Czech Army in Afghanistan.
🕔︎ 11.02.2011 👁︎ 16.546


Self-propelled cannon howitzer caliber 155 mm created by modernization of the type vz. 77 DANA after variant DANA-M2.

🕔︎ 27.01.2021 👁︎ 8.140

El Dorado Canyon

US air raid on Libya in April 1986.
🕔︎ 04.10.2003 👁︎ 34.257

Fahd 300

Armored personnel carrier designed for military and police forces, based on the Czech Tatra 815-7 chassis. Conceptually, it follows the Fahd series vehicles, which were introduced into the armament of the Egyptian army in the mid-1980s.

🕔︎ 06.04.2020 👁︎ 4.567

Future Needs – Today’s Business

Future Forces Exhibition is a highly recognised international event in defence & security field organised biennially in Prague and officially supported by the Czech Ministry of Defence, Armed Forces, Ministry of the Interior, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Industry and Trade, civil and military parts of the NATO HQ, European Defence Agency (EDA) and many other relevant national as well as international institutions, organisations and agencies.  

🕔︎ 10.10.2022 👁︎ 1.823

GBU-8/B HOBOS (Homing Bomb System)

In 1967, the US Air Force commissioned Rockwell International and its Missile Systems Divisions, respectively, to develop television-guided bombs that would result from a modification of the existing fragmentation "iron" bombs Mk.84 and M118.
🕔︎ 03.03.2008 👁︎ 12.163

General Dynamics/Grumman EF-111A Raven

A two-seater twin-engine aircraft for conducting electronic warfare, designed to disrupt ground-based air defense radars for the attack aircraft or during separate actions over enemy territory.
🕔︎ 26.01.2007 👁︎ 10.259

IAI Kfir

Multi-purpose tactical fighter.
🕔︎ 23.07.2003 👁︎ 37.709

International Conference "Future of Cyber"

At a time of rapid impact of information on society as a whole and the growing security risk on the Internet and social networks, speakers and discussion participants will provide a general overview to all defense and security professionals. During the conference, national and international experts will also speak on future strategies, missions and business opportunities in the defense and security sector.
🕔︎ 04.10.2012 👁︎ 7.120


Light armored vehicle designed to perform transport, patrol and accompanying tasks with the ability to conduct combat operations against manpower and lightly armored targets.

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 4.358

Iveco M65E19WM LMV

Light armored vehicle designed to perform transport, patrol and accompanying tasks with the ability to conduct combat operations against manpower and lightly armored targets.
🕔︎ 23.12.2009 👁︎ 15.003

JCB 170 Robot

The skid steer mini loader is a universal machine designed to perform earthworks using additional modular equipment. The front single arm is located only on the right side of the loader, allowing safe and easy entry through the side door into the cab.

🕔︎ 11.04.2021 👁︎ 1.967


The vehicle is designed for reconnaissance units (reconnaissance platoon of mechanized and light motorized battalion) mechanized brigade light and mixed type to conduct reconnaissance in favor of the mechanized brigade, to conduct combat operations from mounted weapons.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.479


The vehicle is designed for recon units (recon platoon, mechanized and light motorized battalion) of mechanized brigade of the light and of mixed type, to recon in favour of a mechanized brigade, to lead the combat activities with its weapons.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 3.845


Reconnaissance equipment allows ground surveillance of the battlefield day and night and in limited visibility.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.077

KBVP M1 Pandur II CZ

On the 8th Tank Day in Lešany on 28 August 2010, the KBVP M1 Pandur II CZ was presented to the public for the first time with modifications for deployment within the Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team stationed in Logar, Afghanistan, which began in early 2011.

🕔︎ 06.04.2020 👁︎ 4.225


The wheeled infantry fighting vehicle built on the Pandur II 8x8 chassis is designed for conducting combat operations, transporting cargo or people on paved and unpaved roads and in the field.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 6.578

KOT-Ž Pandur II CZ

The vehicle is designed to perform the tasks of engineering security for the benefit of ground forces and to perform tasks in military and non-military deployment.
🕔︎ 06.04.2020 👁︎ 4.137

KRTP-86 Tamara

The designation was derived from the Czech phrase "Komplet Radiotechnického Průzkumu" meaning "Radiotechnical Reconnaissance Set". It was claimed to be the only one in the world able to detect military "invisible aircraft".

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 4.894


The T815-7-V 8x8 rescue vehicle is intended for rescue work, removal and evacuation of damaged wheeled armored vehicles, primarily of the Pandur II CZ type series introduced in the armament of the Army of the Czech Republic. In addition, it can move (on the drawbar or in the suspension on the rear evacuation fork) vehicles of the LMV, Dingo 2, Tatra 815, Tatra 815-7 and Tatra 810 series.
🕔︎ 22.12.2019 👁︎ 3.982


Lightweight, airborne, hybrid anti-aircraft system designed to destroy low-flying aircraft, helicopters or unmanned aerial vehicles. In the secondary role, it can be used against lightly armored enemy vehicles.

🕔︎ 10.12.2020 👁︎ 5.403

Light Assault Vehicle LEV

One of the candidates for a new light assault vehicle for the Czech army is the modified Arquus SABRE type, which is offered by the state enterprise Military Technical Institute under the name LEV.

🕔︎ 06.03.2023 👁︎ 4.105

LKW 5t mil gl

The 5t mil gl / glw truck from MAN belongs to the so-called successor generation of Bundeswehr vehicles. It can be found with almost every unit and is usually part of company/battery transport kits as an ammunition or fuel carrier. Some vehicles are equipped with a cable winch.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 1.204

LKW 7t mil gl

The vehicle belongs to a group of vehicles called the Folgegeneration, which were intended to replace the first generation of trucks used by the German Bundeswehr after World War II. The origins of this series date back to the 1960s. The "middle" vehicle of this generation is the LKW 7t mil gl, under the factory designation known as MAN N 4520.

🕔︎ 14.10.2023 👁︎ 1.109


Light reconnaissance and observation system designed for detection, identification and recognition of fixed and moving targets at any time of day or night, automatic detection of their coordinates, their automatic processing, evaluation and data transmission to the superior command.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 3.762


Remodelling of radiation and chemical survey vehicle BRDM-2rch to an armoured truck.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 3.890

LOV 50 B

A monograph of a light armored car, which the Czech army also uses in foreign missions.
🕔︎ 24.08.2014 👁︎ 7.726

LOV 50 B

A light armoured vehicle capable of conducting combat operations against live forces and weakly protected targets by effective fire at rest and on the move.

🕔︎ 13.11.2022 👁︎ 2.183


This is a command combat vehicle derived from the basic version of the LOV 50 B, intended for the company commander.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 3.955


Light armoured vehicle ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance) is part of the system of army survey.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.163


Light armoured vehicle for artillery survey is part of the fire control system of an artillery battalion.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.336

LT vz. 35

The Panzerkampfwagen 35(t), commonly shortened to Panzer 35(t) or abbreviated as Pz.Kpfw. 35(t), was a Czechoslovak-designed light tank used mainly by Nazi Germany during World War II. The letter (t) stood for tschechisch (German for "Czech"). In Czechoslovak service, it had the formal designation Lehký tank vzor 35 (Light Tank Model 35), but was commonly referred to as the LT vz. 35 or LT-35.

🕔︎ 26.12.2021 👁︎ 4.305


The Lun-class ekranoplan flew using lift generated by the ground effect acting on its large wings when within about four metres (13 ft) above the surface of the water. Although they might look similar to traditional aircraft, ekranoplans like the Lun are not classified as aircraft, seaplanes, hovercraft, or hydrofoils. Rather, crafts like the Lun-class ekranoplan are classified as maritime ships by the International Maritime Organization due to their use of the ground effect, in which the craft glides just above the surface of the water.

The ground effect occurs when flying at an altitude of only a few meters above the ocean or ground; drag is greatly reduced by the proximity of the ground preventing the formation of wingtip vortices, thus increasing the efficiency of the wing. This effect does not occur at high altitude.

The name Lun comes from the Russian word for the harrier.

🕔︎ 17.10.2003 👁︎ 43.529

M88A2 Hercules

In 1981, a study was conducted by the U.S. ground forces that defined the requirements for a rescue vehicle that would be able to provide adequate support to the newly introduced M1 Abrams tanks on the battlefield. It was clear that the rescue tank M88A1, standardly introduced in the US Army, is not such a means.
🕔︎ 12.12.2013 👁︎ 16.789

MADR - radar EL / M-2084 for the Czech army

Genesis and course of the acquisition program, the aim of which was to replace the obsolete Soviet radars P-37 and PRV-17. The more than a decade-long project ended with the purchase of multi-purpose 3D radars from the Israeli company ELTA Systems.

🕔︎ 24.10.2020 👁︎ 4.514

Master Warrant Officer ret. Jiri Schams

A fighter with indomitable will, nicknamed Regi, he was a member of the Special Operations Group of the Military Police of the Army of the Czech Republic, a war veteran. Seriously wounded in a suicide attack in Gereshk village in Afghanistan (Helmand province) on 17 March 2008.

🕔︎ 18.06.2022 👁︎ 3.503


In 1963, the US Army decided to participate in an international program in which Germany, a country with extensive experience in the construction of armored vehicles, also participated. The result was to be the MBT-70 (Main Battle Tank), which was to meet the requirements of the US Army, as well as all NATO member states and, of course, to overcome all its opponents.

🕔︎ 16.11.2020 👁︎ 5.792

McDonnell Douglas F-4J Phantom II

The F-4J version intended for service on board aircraft carriers is based on the previous F-4B variant. At the same time, it was the latest version of the Phantom designed for service in the US Armed Forces, which produced completely new aircraft.

🕔︎ 29.10.2021 👁︎ 3.387

McDonnell Douglas RF-4E Phantom II

RF-4E Phantom II was created as an export version of the RF-4C. The basic design of both aircraft is practically identical, both machines differ in only a few points.

🕔︎ 29.10.2021 👁︎ 4.389


Armoured truck created by the adjustment of the infantry fighting vehicles BVP-1 (BMP-1).

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.265

Mikoyan-Gurevich E-150

The prototype of the E-150 interceptor was created in the second half of the fifties. In the end, it was not included in the armament of the Soviet Air Force, but the findings of its development were used in the construction of the MiG-25.
🕔︎ 21.09.2003 👁︎ 24.528

Mil Mi-9

Flying command post, which was established on the basis of a medium transport helicopter Mi-8. It was included in the armament in the first half of the eighties.
🕔︎ 16.08.2003 👁︎ 37.154


The MORANA self-propelled gun howitzer is designed to engage enemy artillery; to silence and destroy command posts, fire assets, combat equipment, logistic support assets, and enemy live forces; and to destroy permanent defensive structures and field defensive objects. May conduct indirect and direct fire.

🕔︎ 21.02.2024 👁︎ 23


The mobile access facility MPP 40M1p BVP is one of the elements of the operational tactical communication system TAKOM, the facility is the basic connecting element at the main command of the mechanized battalion, which provides automatic telephone connection to the command and its inclusion in the integrated telephone and data network.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.317

MPRS (mobile recce jamming system)

The mobile reconnaissance interference system MPRS is designed for detecting radio activity, collecting signal samples, their subsequent analysis and high-frequency interference.
🕔︎ 15.06.2019 👁︎ 3.472


Bridgelayer tank
🕔︎ 23.07.2003 👁︎ 36.978

NZLAV (New Zealand Light Armoured Vehicle)

At the turn of the century, the New Zealand Army began to replace its age-old M113 armored personnel carriers. The LAV III armored vehicle, which is used by the US Army under the name Stryker, was chosen as their successor. Based on the requirements of the army, it was slightly modified and accepted into the armament of the New Zealand army under the designation NZLAV.
🕔︎ 21.01.2006 👁︎ 9.252

Operation Bolo

The famous US Air Force operation, during which the Vietnamese People's Air Force suffered one of the cruelest defeats of the Vietnam War.
🕔︎ 25.10.2003 👁︎ 49.954


The OT-90 tracked armored personnel carrier was created at the beginning of the 1990s by rebuilding it from the BVP-1 infantry fighting vehicle, the turret of which was replaced by a modified BTR-60PB turret set, which was used on Czechoslovakia in the OT-64A SKOT transporters.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.004


Modified OT-90M transporter.
🕔︎ 06.04.2020 👁︎ 5.302

Panzerhaubitze 2000

The self-propelled howitzer PzH 2000 is designed to support ground troops, to fight the enemy's artillery, to destroy permanent structures, enemy field defenses, point or area targets.
🕔︎ 12.01.2006 👁︎ 12.127

Panzerjager 90

Swiss anti-tank missile carrier. It is based on a MOWAG Piranha I 6x6 armored personnel carrier chassis.

🕔︎ 29.05.2023 👁︎ 1.392

Pbv 501

After tests of the former East German BVP-1 in Sweden in 1994, the decision was made to introduce these machines into the armament of the Swedish army. Based on Swedish requirements, these infantry fighting vehicles were modified in the Czech Army Repair Workshop 026.
🕔︎ 06.04.2020 👁︎ 5.042

Perun ST

An open military combat off-road vehicle destined to perform specific tasks of special forces. The vehicle is adapted for a crew of up to 5 people (4 permanently and 1 person on a seat in the area of the shooter's position from the main weapon).
🕔︎ 17.08.2019 👁︎ 3.680


The mobile hygienic-epidemiological laboratory is designed to provide basic laboratory examinations necessary for the hygienic and anti-epidemiological security of troops in field conditions, including veterinary examinations.

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 4.940

Piranha III

Piranha III is, as the name suggests, the third generation of Swiss wheeled armored personnel carriers Piranha, whose saga began to be written in the seventies. Compared to its predecessors, the new vehicle differs mainly by a larger body, which allows the installation of larger towers, as well as improved ballistic protection and passability through the terrain.
🕔︎ 21.01.2006 👁︎ 10.411

Primoco UAV One 150

The Primoco UAV One 150 is a high-flying aircraft with a wingspan of almost 5 metres and a maximum take-off weight of 150 kg. The chosen weight limitation was selected in view of the requirement to categorize the aircraft in military operations subject to NATO STANAG 4703 and in a civil environment as a representative of a specific category (EASA). In practice, this requirement ensures a high degree of adaptability to the individual conditions of each customer and its aviation authority with the possibility of changes. Primoco UAV One 150 offers a payload capacity of up to 30 kg.

🕔︎ 12.11.2022 👁︎ 1.860

PROMO - mobile testing station of turbojet engines

Mobile testing laboratory designed to measure the parameters of jet engines for a comprehensive assessment of their overall technical condition with regard to safety, reliability and maintaining the required performance.

🕔︎ 26.11.2021 👁︎ 3.700

PT-91 Twardy

In the early 1990s, a modernization of the T-72M1 tank was carried out in Poland, at the main engineering plant "Bumar-Łabędy", which was the basis for a new battle tank called the Wilk. Even before the end of this project, the OBRUM Gliwice Institute and Zakłady Mechaniczne Bumar-Łabędy started work on a modernization program with the code name Twardy.
🕔︎ 16.01.2019 👁︎ 4.911

PT-91M Pendekar

Export version of the medium tank PT-91A1 for Malaysia.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.192


belt amphibious transporter designed for the transport of persons, artillery, tractors, transporters, cars and other equipment and materials during the violent passage of water obstacles.
🕔︎ 26.01.2007 👁︎ 10.779


Automated system of command, control and information processing. The device provides a covert transmission of data needed to control the firing of anti-aircraft missile batteries. At the same time, it coordinates and ensures the local protection of anti-aircraft missile batteries and enables communication provision for command and control from a superior level via a line, radio relay and VHF radio connection.

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 4.807

PzPK Snezka

Reconnaissance and observation vehicle designed to perform artillery reconnaissance.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.335

Pzw 39

Light tank designed and produced by the Czechoslovak company ČKD-Praga for the Swiss army. Between 1938 and 1939, 24 units were produced and served in Switzerland under the designation Panzerwagen 39 until the early 1950s.

🕔︎ 26.12.2021 👁︎ 4.282

R-3S / AA-2 Atoll

Short-range anti-aircraft guided missile with infrared guidance system, de facto lousy copy of the American missile AIM-9B Sidewinder.
🕔︎ 19.02.2009 👁︎ 13.542


The armoured mobile command post, designed to secure uninterrupted command of the mechanized unit.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.716


RACCOS is a mobile automated command and fire control system that allows to receive, process and continuously evaluate information about the air and tactical situation. The system is fully digitised, highly automated, with many operations taking place in the background, i.e. without displays and with minimal operator requirements. Air situation information and commands are transmitted in real time. RACCOS displays the merged air situation, predicts target positions, provides, to the extent necessary, an overview of the air situation with respect to the location of defended objects and suggests the optimal allocation of targets to subordinate firing elements according to their position and tactical parameters. The system is also used to collect, evaluate and prepare documents for the command and control of anti-aircraft combat operations.

🕔︎ 24.02.2024 👁︎ 22

Radar train

During the Second World War, a demand arose on the German side for operational information on the air situation. Building stationary radar bases was demanding both financially and in time. Therefore, the idea arose to install radars on railway bogies and build so-called signaling trains (Fernflugmelde-Meßzug).

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 6.705

RBS-70 NG for the Czech Army

Deputy Minister of Defense for the Management of the Armaments and Acquisitions Section Daniel Koštoval, Director of the Support Section of the Ministry of Defense Major General Jaromír Zůna and Saab Dynamics AB Representative Kristian Wallin symbolically signed on Tuesday, December 18, 2018 a contract for the supply of 16 sets of anti-aircraft missile system RBS-70 NG in the 25th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment for the needs of the Army of the Czech Republic.
🕔︎ 08.07.2020 👁︎ 4.886

RF-4E Phantom II in the German Air Force

The article captures the more than 20-year service of reconnaissance Phantoms with the Luftwaffe. It also includes a brief technical description of the RF-4E aircraft and a mention of their maintenance and repairs.

🕔︎ 17.09.2003 👁︎ 29.585

RF-4E Phantom II in the German Air Force

The predominance of Warsaw Pact troops in conventional armaments in the late 1970s could not be overlooked by the Federal Ministry of Defense. All units intended for potential military deployment were assigned a so-called secondary role.
🕔︎ 17.09.2003 👁︎ 31.384

RM-70 Vampire 4D

The article introduces the third upgrade of the vz. 70 rocket launcher currently in combat use by the Ukrainian Armed Forces.

🕔︎ 08.04.2023 👁︎ 2.618

Rocket launcher Mk. 70

Mobile reactive artillery weapon on a modified Tatra 813 chassis using the possibility of firing from 40 launchers.
🕔︎ 16.01.2019 👁︎ 7.243

Rooikat 76

Rooikat is a wheeled armored vehicle designed to conduct independent reconnaissance and combat operations in the rear of the enemy. It can be used in a secondary role in anti-guerrilla warfare or in the destruction of the enemy's armored vehicles.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.687

ROSS R210.12 VV 6x6

Flatbed all-terrain truck designed to transport up to 20 people and cargo up to a maximum weight of 5,290 kg.

🕔︎ 27.11.2020 👁︎ 4.617

Scammell Commader

The Scammell Commander was a heavy equipment transporter manufactured by Scammell for the Royal Corps of Transport. It is a tank transporter of UK origin, developed mid 1970’s to succeed the Thornycroft Antar in UK military service. It entered service in 1984 and between 1983 and 1985, 125 were built with the Royal Corps of Transport the being the sole customer. Most were operated with the British Army of the Rhine by 7 Tank Transporter Regiment, Royal Corps of Transport, in West Germany, with only a few in the United Kingdom. They were extensively used in the Gulf War in the early 1990s. All were replaced by Oshkosh M1070s in the 2000s.

🕔︎ 15.07.2023 👁︎ 1.641


Self-propelled gun SU-100 produced in the Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.990

Sikorsky MH-60A Velcro Hawk

The MH-60A is the first version of the Black Hawk helicopters designed to perform special operations. The machine, nicknamed the "Velcro Hawk", is primarily intended for covert infiltration of special purpose units into the depths of the enemy's territory, their eventual supply and subsequent covert withdrawal during the day, night and in difficult weather conditions.

🕔︎ 24.09.2020 👁︎ 4.348

Sino-Vietnamese border conflict 1979

Although the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and China stood on the same side during the so-called Second Indochina War against the Americans, it was far from an ideal alliance. Their mutual relations could be called marriage of reason rather than pure love. Further differences between these countries arose in the second half of the 1970s and culminated in a short local conflict in February 1979.
🕔︎ 17.12.2003 👁︎ 57.017

Sisu XA-180

The Patria Pasi (earlier known as the Sisu Pasi) is a Finnish-made six-wheeled armoured personnel carrier (APC) originally designed for Finnish Defence Forces. The first variant was produced in 1983 and serial production began in 1984. It was designed to operate with ease of use, simple structure and low-cost maintenance. The basic appearance and configuration of the Pasi is similar to most other wheeled APCs. The XA-180 and XA-185 are fully amphibious while other variants are not.

🕔︎ 21.11.2023 👁︎ 1.347


SP70 (in German also Panzerhaubitze 70 or Panzerhaubitze 155-1) self-propelled gun was a scheme set up by several European nations including the UK, Germany and Italy beginning in 1973. The project was shelved in favour of the US M109, which was already in service. The SP70 was 'outgunned' on several occasions by the M109 and further development was cancelled in the 1980s.

🕔︎ 12.06.2023 👁︎ 1.844


Mobile short-range and medium-range anti-aircraft missile system designed to destroy enemy combat aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, cruise missiles and other types of guided air ammunition.

🕔︎ 26.09.2020 👁︎ 5.913

SPYDER for the Army of the Czech Republic

On Friday, September 25, 2020, Minister of Defense Lubomír Metnar informed the government that the Ministry of Defense of the Czech Republic had decided to initiate negotiations with the Government of the State of Israel on the possibility of acquiring a new modern anti-aircraft missile system for the Czech Army. It is designed to ensure the continuous defense of the airspace of the Czech Republic, especially the protection of troops and urban agglomerations, nuclear power plants, industrial centers, airports and other important facilities.

🕔︎ 05.10.2021 👁︎ 3.417


In the early 1980s, a number of armies in the Middle and Far East began looking for combat vehicles in the light tank category. The American armory Cadillac Gage responded to the increased demand with the development of the Stingray type. Despite the company's efforts, these tanks were eventually sold to only one state in Southeast Asia.
🕔︎ 12.12.2013 👁︎ 18.233

Storm Shadow

In 1982, the Royal Air Force began work on a study called the LRSOM ( Long-Range Stand-Off Missile ), which aimed to define the technical and tactical requirements for a new missile with a flat flight path and long range. Similar efforts took place in other NATO member states, which eventually led to the international MSOW ( Modular Stand-Off Weapon ) program in 1986, in which seven countries of the North Atlantic Alliance, including the United Kingdom, participated. The following year, however, France withdrew from the project, and in 1989 the United States and the United Kingdom left it, thus virtually ending the MSOW program.
🕔︎ 18.11.2011 👁︎ 20.966


Medium tank T-34/85 produced under Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 28.01.2019 👁︎ 5.559


The successor of the T-34/85 tanks in the ČSLA armament was to be the medium T-54 tanks manufactured under a Czechoslovak license from the 1950s.
🕔︎ 28.01.2019 👁︎ 4.756

T-54AM1 / T-55AM1

The T-55AM1 tank was created by modernizing the T-55A tank. T-54AM1 is an upgraded version of the T-54M tanks (T-54AM).
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 6.148

T-54AM2 / T-55AM2

The T-55AM2 tank was created by modernizing the T-55A tank. T-54AM2 is an upgraded version of the T-54M tanks (T-54AM).
🕔︎ 28.01.2019 👁︎ 4.941


Medium tank T-55 produced in the Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 28.01.2019 👁︎ 4.946


The Soviet medium tank T-55 produced in the Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.526


The Soviet medium tank T-72 produced in the Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 6.693


The T-72EA is a tracked combat main battle tank fitted with an efficient firing system and a reliable armoured protection and endowed with a high manoeuvring ability. The T-72 low silhouette as compared to other contemporary tanks is a decisive factor of excellent passive protection. The tank crew comprises of 3 men – a tank commander, a gunner and a driver.

🕔︎ 05.08.2023 👁︎ 1.924


Soviet medium tank T-72M (export version T-72A) produced in the Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 6.548


Soviet medium tank T-72M1 produced under Czechoslovak license.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 7.397

T-72M4 CZ

Modernization of the T-72 tank
🕔︎ 21.05.2009 👁︎ 20.668

T-72M4 CZ-W

Tank T-72M4 CZ-W is a commander version of the tank T-72M4 CZ, with which it has the same combat and utility characteristics. T-72M4 CZ-W with its equipment allows the company commander automated command and control of combat operations through combat vehicle information system (BVIS).
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.133


Self-propelled cannon howitzer designed to fight artillery and mortars of the enemy, to silence and destroy the command posts, fire and radio equipment and manpower of the enemy, demolition of permanent defensive structures and field defenses.

🕔︎ 14.11.2020 👁︎ 7.467

T810-VP-1R0R26 13 177 6x6.1R

A military vehicle with an armored cabin designed for the transport of bulk and fixed piece material and persons. This is the first all-terrain truck in the Czech Armed Forces, where ballistic protection of the crew cabin was used. The armor of the cabin was caused by the need to ensure the protection of persons in the cabin when deploying vehicles in foreign missions.

🕔︎ 27.11.2020 👁︎ 4.531

T810-ZČ-1R0R26 13 177 6x6.1R

The off-road special medium-duty car - a flatbed with a lifting front - enables the loading and folding of material on the loading surface of the vehicle with its own, rear-mounted lifting front with a load capacity of up to 1,500 kg. The flatbed platform is intended only for the transport of material - unlike the classic T810-V flatbeds, it is not equipped with folding benches for the transport of people.

🕔︎ 27.11.2020 👁︎ 4.212

Tank production in Poland after 1945

Already in 1948, it was decided to license the production of T-34/85 tanks in Poland, but problems with the preparation of this project caused such a delay that the first ten pieces could not be taken over by the Polish army until early 1953. A total of 1355 to 1955 tanks type T-34/85, most of which served in the Polish army. Export success was recorded at the end of production, when in 1956 135 machines were sold. Most of them, 130 pieces, were received by the GDR army.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.335

Tarnegol 53

The legendary Israeli army operation in which the Egyptian P-12 radar was "kidnapped".
🕔︎ 18.09.2003 👁︎ 31.613

Tatra 815-7 PVO

An off-road vehicle built on the Tatra 815-7T3R31.411 6x6.1R chassis designed for transporting one squad armed with the RBS-70 NG anti-aircraft missile set. Part of the flatbed body is a metal structure used for storing and securing the main and additional parts of one RBS-70 NG system, six pieces of RBS-70 MK1, RBS-70 MK2 or BOLIDE missiles and equipment of individual members of the anti-aircraft squad. The vehicle carries a crew of two persons in the cab and four seated persons with equipment and gear on the hull. The vehicle can be fitted with the MM-BF-T815-V6x6PVO mobile camouflage kit.

🕔︎ 16.12.2022 👁︎ 2.133

Tatra 815-7-D 8x8 V

Workshop vehicles Tatra 815-7-D 8x8 In and Tatra 815-7-D 8x8 are destined to the implementation of the technical maintenance of peace time repairs and war current and medium repairs (according to the variants workshop vehicle) wheeled armored vehicles (KBV and KOT) number of Pandur II CZ.

🕔︎ 22.12.2019 👁︎ 5.330

Tatra 815-7T3R21 4x4.1R

Chassis designed as a carrier for special military bodies weighing 9,400 kg with a total permissible vehicle weight of 19,000 kg. The T815-780R59 is a two-axle vehicle with all-wheel drive and a system for central tire inflation while driving.

🕔︎ 27.11.2020 👁︎ 4.022

Tatra 815-7T3R31 6x6.1R

Chassis designed as a carrier for special superstructures of military use with a maximum weight of 15,900 kg with a total permissible vehicle weight of 29,000 kg. The T815-7T3R31 is a three-axle vehicle with all-wheel drive and a central tire inflation system while driving.

🕔︎ 27.11.2020 👁︎ 4.402

Tatra for the US Marines

Chassis designed as a carrier of special military superstructures, designed to participate in the tender of the US Marine Corps (USMC ) for a new heavy logistics vehicle LVSR ( Logistics Vehicle System Replacement ).
🕔︎ 17.02.2014 👁︎ 9.532


In the 1980s, a number of studies were launched in NATO member countries on new types of flat-flying missiles. These efforts eventually culminated in 1986 with a single program called the MSOW ( Modular Stand-Off Weapon ), in which seven NATO nations participated. However, this project did not last very long and ended in collapse at the end of the decade. One of the participants in the MSOW program was Germany, which at the turn of the 80s and 90s tried to develop a weapon of this category in cooperation with the French. However, even this cooperation did not have a favorable conclusion for the Germans. The fruit only brought a connection with the Swedes, at the end of which a missile with a flat runway TAURUS KEPD 350 was created.
🕔︎ 03.11.2012 👁︎ 18.119

Tomcats in the Iraq-Iran war

Although the Iranian Air Force became the only foreign user of these powerful fighters, it was in his ranks that the F-14 Tomcat aircraft achieved their greatest combat success.
🕔︎ 01.11.2003 👁︎ 42.561

Tornadoes in the Gulf

Combat operations of British Panavia Tornado aircraft during the Gulf War (1991).
🕔︎ 11.10.2003 👁︎ 30.699


Shovel excavator for military use mounted on Tatra 815-7T3R32/41X automotive chassis. It is designed for earthworks, mainly for finishing earthworks and, with the use of suitable tools, for excavation and other earthworks (building and maintenance of utility networks, digging foundation trenches, canals) also in an environment contaminated with combat poisonous and biological substances.

🕔︎ 21.10.2023 👁︎ 3.147

UTF 5t 6x6

A new generation of 6x6 and 8x8 off-road trucks for the German Bundeswehr.

🕔︎ 02.01.2021 👁︎ 4.547

VCA 155 (155 mm self-propelled howitzer)

The VCA-155 (Vehículo de combate de Artillería, Artillery Combat Vehicle) is a self-propelled 155mm gun/howitzer, manufactured by TAMSE (Tanque Argentino Mediano Sociedad del Estado) which entered service in the late 1990s.

🕔︎ 16.06.2023 👁︎ 1.547

Věra S / M

The Věra S/M set is intended for searching, identification and tracking of air, land and sea targets.

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 4.740


The VERA-NG set is designed for searching, identification and tracking of air, land and sea targets. It represents the fifth generation of Czechoslovak and Czech passive surveillance systems for military use (Kopáč, Ramona, Tamara, Věra).

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 5.702


Command armoured vehicles VOV are designed especially for the mobile command of mechanized battalions and to secure the command and control of mechanized battalion (heavy type) incorporated in the framework of the alliance group or when participating in peace-support operations outside their own territory.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.051


Command vehicle VP-90 is combat tracked armoured vehicle whose base is an armoured transporter OT-90. Formed by extending the coupling device and the means for the orientation of the original armoured vehicles with the aim of creating conditions for the work of the commanders of the mechanized units. His modernization created a version VP-90M1.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.500


Workplace of the commander of the mechanized company.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.164


The vehicle is the basic building element of the command posts of the units of operational and tactical levels for light infantry, mechanized, special, support, and security units and units of air forces static and on the move. Provides a technical means of radio communication, hardware and software for the work of the commander and staff.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 5.124

Vydra (Otter)

BOV 8x8 - AMV XP for the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 7.645


The armoured vehicle designed for the transport of persons and other cargo across the battlefield. The vehicle is primarily designed for combat deployment in urban areas and conflicts of low intensity. It was created based on the experience of the Israeli army and its fight against the Palestinians in Gaza strip and the West Bank.

🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 3.975


This APC has improved armor protection over the original series. Armor upgrade was initiated after it was realized that protection of the previous vehicles was inadequate especially during peacekeeping operations. According to some reposts the older XA-180 and XA-185 models could be penetrated by 7.62 mm armor-piercing rounds in certain spots. Protection of the XA-203 can be further enhanced with add-on armor plates. This appliqué armor is relatively light, however it provides protection from up to 12.7 mm armor-piercing rounds. Some sources claim that the XA-200 series vehicles with add-on armor can withstand 14.5 mm projectiles. This protection can be installed by the crew in field conditions.

🕔︎ 27.11.2023 👁︎ 2.253

XA-361 AMOS (120 mm self-propelled mortar)

AMOS or Advanced Mortar System is a Finno-Swedish 120 mm semi-automatic twin barrelled, breech loaded mortar turret. AMOS has been fitted to a wide range of armoured vehicles, such as the Sisu Pasi, Patria AMV and Combat Vehicle 90. The Swedish Navy originally planned to fit AMOS to the CB90 assault craft, but found that it was too small to carry it. Instead, a project to develop the larger Combat Boat 2010 was launched specifically to carry AMOS. Sweden cancelled its acquisition of the AMOS in 2009 due to budget regulations by recommendations from Genomförandegruppen. In 2016 a new self propelled mortar system called Mjölner based on a CV90 hull was ordered by the Swedish armed forces, it is based on the AMOS and has many visual similarities but is not as advanced.

🕔︎ 24.06.2023 👁︎ 1.851

ZSU-23-4 Shilka

On April 17, 1957, Resolution No. 426-211 of the Soviet of Ministers of the USSR on the development of new self-propelled anti-aircraft means Shilka and Jenisej with radar fire control means was adopted. This was, in fact, the answer to the introduction of the M42A1 into the US military.

🕔︎ 06.03.2021 👁︎ 5.105

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