List of author's articles

A7VU Sturmpanzerwagen

The very inferior cross-country performance of the A7V was apparent at an early stage: the capture of British Mark IV tanks at Cambrai in November 1917 enabled the German engineers to examine the British machines in detail and better appreciate the good points of their design as well as their weaknesses. The great feature of the British tanks was their ability to move across shell-torn and entrenched ground - a feature owing much to the overall tracks and low centre of gravity helped by the armament being placed in side sponsons. The British machines were designed only for a short life and for ease of production, however, and lacked refinements and did not even have sprung tracks.
It was at first proposed that an exact copy of the British Tank, Mark IV should be put into production in Germany where drawings could have been made up from dimensions taken from captured vehicles. This suggestion was impracticable, first because of the difficulty in many cases of manufacturing identical components and, secondly, would have been wasteful of effort in that most if not all of the materials already in production for the A7V could not continue to be used.

🕔︎ 06.01.2024 👁︎ 1.732

Austin armored cars in Russia

After the outbreak of the Great War, as in other countries involved in the conflict, the production of armored cars began to begin slowly in Russia, and the Supreme Command desperately tried to catch up on the wasted time created by the very regressive approach since the creation of the first armored vehicle in the Russian army ...
🕔︎ 04.01.2016 👁︎ 23.305

Bloody Sunday, January 9 (22), 1905 in St. Petersburg - Part 1

The Tsar turned away from the people and fired on them ... Thousands of victims in St. Petersburg ... The Cossacks fired a peaceful demonstration with machine guns and cut with sabers ... so the contemporary press wrote, and so far this information is published to be true.
What actually happened and why? How many were dead? Did Nicholas II give the order to fire? What started the "second" Russian revenge?
🕔︎ 01.03.2014 👁︎ 20.008

Bloody Sunday, January 9 (22), 1905 in St. Petersburg - Part 2

It was Sunday, January 9, 1905, and a bloody drama was brewing in St. Petersburg. Forty thousand members of the army and police stood against the crowd of 150,000 carrying out the petition to their tsar, who was absent at the time, in the Winter Palace, with orders not to let the crowd near the Winter Palace ... It should be noted, however, that the organizers of the march were informed.
🕔︎ 01.03.2014 👁︎ 19.149

Bloody Sunday, January 9 (22), 1905 in St. Petersburg - Part 3

Crowds of residents, men, women and children have been gathering in various places in St. Petersburg since early morning. It is not a single march, but lots of small ones that merge from all directions to a single destination, and that is the Winter Palace. The mood in the individual streams is different, sometimes reminiscent of church processions, other times gangs about to loot and destroy - depending on which leaders took the baton.
🕔︎ 01.03.2014 👁︎ 14.156

Bloody Sunday, January 9 (22), 1905 in St. Petersburg - Part 4

On the evening of January 9, St. Petersburg looked like the boiling cauldron. All parties involved are, to put it mildly, very surprised by today's events and are looking for a solution to what to do next. The accused fall on all sides, arrest, count the dead and the wounded, rumors spread, nervousness grows.
🕔︎ 19.11.2010 👁︎ 15.697

BT-1 (Christie M1930)

According to some authors, these were called two Christie prototypes M1930 (M1931) without towers, which were purchased with the production documentation by the Soviet company Amtorg (representative of IA Chalepsky) for the amount of 160,000 USD.
🕔︎ 18.11.2019 👁︎ 4.460

BT-2

BT-2 was at the time of its inception the modern light tank, which was marked by high speed, throughput and range. The designers were basically with the first prototypes aware of his weaknesses.

🕔︎ 18.11.2019 👁︎ 4.774

BT-5

At the beginning of 1933, less than a year after the start of serial production of the BT-2, a prototype of a modernized two, called the BT-5, was completed. The chassis was strengthened, disc-pressed wheels were used, and the M-5 domestic engine began to be used more.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 6.515

BT-7

At the end of 1934, two vehicles underwent a demanding test program, prototypes of BT-7 tanks, one with a 45 mm cannon and the other 76.2 mm in welded turrets with round shapes and a machine gun at the head of the hull. The opinion of the commission was unambiguous - the new turret is difficult to manufacture and expensive, the driver cannot drive and operate a machine gun at the same time. Remove the machine gun driver, use turrets from BT-5 or new from T-26.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.368

Bystrochodnyj tank BT-5

A monograph of a Soviet BT-5 light tank from the 1930s, which in 1945 also fought against Japan.
🕔︎ 21.05.2009 👁︎ 38.708

Bystrochodnyj tank BT-7

From its inception to the peak of development of the predecessor of the T-34.
🕔︎ 02.06.2009 👁︎ 43.845

Decree of the Fuhrer and the Reich Chancellor of 16 March 1939 on the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

For a thousand years, the Czech-Moravian lands belonged to the living space of the German nation. Violence and irrationality ruled them arbitrarily from their old historical surroundings and later, by their involvement in the artificial unit of Czechoslovakia, they created a focus of constant unrest. From year to year, the danger has grown that, as in the past, a new immense threat to European peace will emerge from this area. Because the Czech-Slovak state and its holders of power failed to organize the reasonable coexistence of national groups, united in it arbitrarily, and thus to awaken and preserve the interest of all involved in maintaining their common state. However, in this way he proved his inner inability to live and therefore now also fell into real decay.
🕔︎ 15.03.2019 👁︎ 3.641

Garford-Putilov - the first serial armoured gun car

With the invention of the internal combustion engine, small or larger vehicle manufacturers began to emerge in many countries around the world. The engines were lighter and easier to operate than steam engines and, compared to the standard hippo engine used at the time, out of action in time with minimal maintenance and space requirements. But the situation of automobile production in Tsarist Russia was different from the rest of Europe and North America.

🕔︎ 01.03.2014 👁︎ 19.622

KV (prototype)

The KV tank was originally developed as a lightweight single-tower version of the SMK tank under the leadership of A. Ermolayev and Ž. Kotina. The chassis part was shortened by two wheels on each side, which had the effect of improving maneuverability and lightening the vehicle.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.615

PT-1A

The project of a floating tracked tank PT-1A, as a successor to the unsuccessful PT-1, was developed in 1933 by the technical department of the OGPU in Moscow under the leadership of N.A. Astrov.

🕔︎ 18.11.2019 👁︎ 4.393

RBT-5 - tank armed with torpedoes

Soviet experimental project from 1934, which tested the armament of the tank with air torpedoes - missiles.

🕔︎ 12.04.2020 👁︎ 5.320

SMK

During the Spanish Civil War, it turned out that there is no tank in the USSR that would be able to break through fortified positions defended by 37 and 45 mm anti-tank cannons. As a reaction to this, two vehicles were developed in 1938 in both Leningrad "Kirov plants" - SMK under the leadership of ing. A. Ermolayev (plant no. 100) and T-100 under the leadership of ing. E.Palej (plant no. 185) . SMK already had more modern suspension (torsion bars), but the designers still remained true to the multi-tower concept. The rear tower was removed from the original three-tower design, so that in the spring of 1939 the two-tower STK prototype with the towers behind it saw the light of day.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.238

T-12

In 1927, a project called T-12 of a "maneuvering tank" was developed at the Kharkov locomotives production plant  "Im.Kominterny".

🕔︎ 18.11.2019 👁︎ 4.677

T-28 - three-tower medium tank

When she visited the Chalepsky Commission in 1930 to buy tanks or license their production in Great Britain, she also encountered prototypes of the A6 Vickers tank, then a "fashionable" multi-tower type. The British side was not inclined to sell this vehicle and further negotiations were not successful. Since the commission always had its eyes on the stopwatch and cameras and gauges always on the lookout, it was decided to "develop" its own type of three-tower medium, in the then terminology of the maneuvering tank, after returning to the USSR.
🕔︎ 24.09.2010 👁︎ 33.268

T-35

The T-35 was a Soviet multi-turreted heavy tank of the interwar period and early Second World War that saw limited production and service with the Red Army. Often called a land battleship, it was the only five-turreted heavy tank in the world to reach production, but proved to be slow and mechanically unreliable. Most of the T-35 tanks still operational at the time of Operation Barbarossa were lost due to mechanical failure rather than enemy action. It was designed to complement the contemporary T-28 medium tank; however, very few were built.

🕔︎ 21.02.2023 👁︎ 5.225

T-35 - the largest among the large

As with several types of Soviet tanks, the history of this vehicle began with a visit to the Chalep Commission in Great Britain in 1930. The commission members were interested in, among others, the five-tower, thirty-two-ton Vickers A1E1 Independent from 1926, made in a single copy. When it became clear that the structural and production complex tank TG, developed hand in hand by a Soviet-German group of engineers led by E. Grotte, the Soviet industrial complex in the series simply could not produce, the Soviet part of the group of engineers was transferred to work on a heavy tank project.
🕔︎ 29.09.2010 👁︎ 41.574

T-37

When the British Army, after testing two prototypes of the Vickers-Carden-Loyd Amphibian Tank (A4E11 and A4E12), did not accept this vehicle into service and allowed its export, several interested parties appeared. On February 5, 1932, the Soviet trade mission signed a contract with Vickers for the production of eight pieces of this vehicle for testing tanks, which were to form the basis of armored vehicles for DRRA reconnaissance units.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.427

T-38

The T-37 came off the production line for only a year, and factories No. 37 in Moscow and No. 185 in Leningrad were already working on a machine that would replace this unfortunate type. The tank was designated T-43, but both constructions were rejected by the army.
🕔︎ 29.01.2019 👁︎ 4.456

TMM-1

The TMM-1 light tank project was developed together with TMM-2 at the Faculty of Motorization and Mechanization of the Dzerzhinsky Military Technical Academy in 1931. It was a Soviet design of the Vickers-Armstrong 6t MarkE tank, model A, for which a factory was built in Stalingrad ( STZ) with a planned capacity of up to 13,000 tanks and tracked vehicles per year.
🕔︎ 27.02.2020 👁︎ 5.272

Uniform of Red Army (1919-1924)

After the October Revolution in 1917, on November 8, 1917, a draft declaration was proposed to the Soldiers of the Revolutionary Army, the abolition of the former ranks, the titles and decorations of the Russian Army. This proposal was confirmed on December 15, 1917 by the Council of People's Commissars, and thus the Revolutionary Army was deprived not only of badges, ranks and decorations, but also uniform uniforms.
🕔︎ 04.04.2020 👁︎ 5.006

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